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Late Spring Flowers of Eloise Butler Wildflower Garden

Presented by The Friends of the Wild Flower Garden


Wild Geranium

Thumbnails of some of the late spring flowering plants you may encounter on a visit - Early May to Mid-June. This page should keep you going until mid-June, then everything in the Upland breaks loose. Alternate common names for plant are shown in ( ), woody plants designated by "*". Timing of spring bloom will vary with each year's weather pattern.
Plant names with web links lead to a separate page of plant information and photos on that plant.
Images are arranged by color and then by common name.
Printable PDF File in Scientific Name Order within Color


White and whitish flowers.

Southern Arrowwood
Southern Arrowwood*
Viburnum dentatum
Blackberry
Allegheny Blackberry*
Rubus allegheniensis
Allegheny Blackberry leaf
Allegheny Blackberry*
Lower leaves - 5 long-stalked leaflets. Glandular hair on leaf & flower stalks.
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American Bladdernut*
Staphylea trifolia
Anise Root
Aniseroot
(Smooth Sweet Cicely)

Osmorhiza longistylis
Anise Root Leaf
Aniseroot
Leaf 2x pinnately divided, underside veins have whitish hair.
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Red Baneberry
Flowers in domed cluster
Actaea rubra
White Baneberry
White Baneberry
Flowers in pyramidal cluster
Actaea pachypoda
Red Baneberry leaf
Baneberry leaf
Much the same on both species.
Bastard Toadflax
Bastard Toadflax
Comandra umbellata
Bittercress
Bittercress
(Pennsylvania Bittercress)
Cardamine pensylvanica. Photo ©Merel R. Black, Wisconsin Flora
Black Chokeberry
Black Chokeberry*
Aronia melanocarpa
(Photinia melanocarpa)
Black Chokeberry leaf
Black Chokeberry*
Leaf- cluster near end of twig; Fine teeth; midrib has stiff red glands.
Black Raspberry
Black Raspberry*
Rubus occidentalis
Black Raspberry leaf
Black Raspberry*
Leaf - 3-part on flowering stems, 5-part on new canes. No glandular hair anywhere
Blunt-leaved Sandwort
Blunt-leaved Sandwort
Moehringia lateriflora
Blunt-leaved Sandwort leat
Blunt-leaved Sandwort
Leaf - oblong, blunt tip, no stalk, less than 1” long, fine hair.
Canada Anemone
Canada Anemone
Anemone canadensis
Common Moonseed
Canada Moonseed
(Common Moonseed)

Menispermum canadense
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Canada Violet
Yellow tinting at petal base
Viola canadensis
Chokecherry
Chokecherry*
Prunus virginiana
Chokecherry leaf
Chokecherry*
Leaf- Oval, fine teeth, pale under, small glands on leaf stalk.
Cleavers
Cleavers
(Stickywilly)
Galium aparine
Cleavers Leaf
Cleavers
(Stickywilly)
Weak stems, few branches, fine clinging hooks, flowers in leaf axils. Leaves whorl 6
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Cow Parsnip
Heracleum maximum
Cow Parsnip Leaf
Cow Parsnip Leaf
3-parted toothed leaflets, forming a sheath at the base
European Cranberrybush
European Cranberrybush*
Viburnum opulus
European Cranberry leaf
European Cranberrybush*
Leaf 3-lobed, with a few coarse teeth, small unstalked glands on leaf stalk. Flowers similar to Highbush Cranberry.
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Highbush Cranberry*
(American Cranberrybush
)
Viburnum opulus var. americanum
(Moist area plant)
Highbush cranberry leaf
Highbush Cranberry*

Leaf 3-lobed, coarse teeth, small stalked glands on leaf stalk. Flowers similar to European Cranberry.
Cream Pea
Cream Pea
Lathyrus ochroleucus
Cream Pea leaf
Cream Pea
Leaf- 3 to 5+pairs leaflets, tendril at tip, green before flowering.
Daisy Fleabane
Annual Fleabane
(Eastern Daisy Fleabane)

Erigeron annuus
Daisy Fleabane leaf
Annual Fleabane
(Eastern Daisy Fleabane)
Leaf toothed, not clasping, stem hair standing out
Annual Fleabane Phyllaries
Annual Fleabane
Phyllaries in 2 to 3 series, sparsely hairy, sometimes glandular.
Dame's Rocket White flower
Dame's Rocket-white
(Sweet Rocket)

Hesperis matronalis
Dewberry
Dewberry*
(Northern Dewberry)

Rubus flagellaris
Pagoda Dogwood
Pagoda Dogwood*
(Alternate-leaf Dogwood)

(Flowers - flat-top clusters)
Cornus alternifolia
Pale dogwood
Silky Dogwood*
(Pale Dogwood)

(found in moist areas)
Cornus amomum
Red Osier dogwood
Red Osier Dogwood*
(Stems red Fall to Spring.)
Cornus sericea
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Drooping Trillium
(Nodding Wakerobin)

Trillium flexipes
Dwarf Red Raspberry
Dwarf Red Raspberry
Rubus pubescens
Dwarf Red Raspberry leaf
Dwarf Red Raspberry leaf
Rubus pubescens
Elderberry
Elderberry*
(Red Elderberry)

Sambucus racemosa
Elderberry leaf
Red Elderberry
Flower clusteer domed, leaf with 5 - 7 leaflets, serrate edges. Leaves appear with the flowers.
False Solomon's Seal
False Solomon's Seal
Maianthemum racemosum
False Solomon's Seal plant section
False Solomon's Seal
Top section of plant. Flowers at tip
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False Rue Anemone
(Eastern False Rue Anemone)

Enemion biternatum
Field Pussytoes
Field Pussytoes
Antennaria neglecta
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Foamflower
(Heartleaf Foamflower)

Tiarella cordifolia
Foamflower Plant
Foamflower
Leaves all basal, heart-shape base, 5 to 7 lobes, stalks have glandular hair.
Foxglove Beardtongue
Foxglove Beardtongue
(Talus Slope Penstemon)

Penstemon digitalis
Galax
Galax
(Beetleweed)
Galax urceolata
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Garlic Mustard
Alliaria petiolata
Garlic Mustard leaf
Garlic Mustard
Leaves with heart-shape base, coarse teeth.
Goldenseal
Goldenseal
Hydrastis canadensis
Downy Juneberry
Downy Juneberry*
Amelanchier arborea
Downy Juneberry leaf
Downy Juneberry*
Leaf has fine teeth, bronze and hairy at flowering time, pointed tip.
Lesser Daisy Fleabane
Lesser Daisy Fleabane
Erigeron strigosus
Lesser Daisy Fleabane leaf
Lesser Daisy Fleabane
(Prairie Fleabane)
leaf- few teeth, not clasping, stem hair close to stem.
Lesser Daisy Fleabane Phyllaries
Lesser Daisy Fleabane
(Prairie Fleabane)
Phyllaries in 2 to 4 series with or without fine hair.
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May Apple
Podophyllum peltatum
Mayapple
May Apple leaf. Flowering plants have two leaves. Flower under the leaf.
Mock Orange
Mock Orange*
Philadelphus sp.
Mountain Laurel
Mountain Laurel*
Kalmia latifolia. Photo ©Jeff McMillian, USDA-NRCS Plants Database
Mountain Laurel plant
Mountain Laurel*
Kalmia latifolia. Photo ©Jeff McMillian, USDA-NRCS Plants Database
Mouse-ear Chickweed
Mouse-ear Chickweed
Cerastium fontanum ssp. vulgare
Nannyberry
Nannyberry*
Viburnum lentago
Nannyberry leaf
Nannyberry*
Leaf- egg shape, fine teeth, in opposite pairs, stalks reddish with small wings.
Partridge Berry
Partridge Berry
Mitchella repens
Peppergrass
Pepper Grass
Lepidium densiflorum. Photo ©Southwest Environmental Information Network
Philadelphia Fleabane
Philadelphia Fleabane
(Common Fleabane)
Erigeron philadelphicus
Common Fleabane leaf
Philadelphia Fleabane
(Common Fleabane)
Upper leaves clasping stem, stem hairy.
Philadelphia Fleabane phyllaries
Philadelphia Fleabane
Phyllaries - 2 to 3 series, with or without fine hair, sometimes glandular
Saskatoon Serviceberry
Saskatoon Serviceberry*
Amelanchier alnifolia
Saskatoon Service berry leaf
Saskatoon Serviceberry*
Leaf- teeth in the upper half, no hair at flowering, rounded tip.
Smooth Rockcress
Smooth Rockcress
Boechera laevigata
[Arabis laevigata]
Starry False Solomon's Seal
Starry False Solomon's Seal
Maianthemum stellatum
Virginia Strawberry
Virginia Strawberry
Fragaria virginiana
Virginia Strawberry leaf
Strawberry - Virginia: Flower stalk shorter than leaves. Leaflets stalked. Tip tooth shorter
Virginia Strawberry fruit
Strawberry - Virginia: Seeds embedded in pits.
Woodland Strawberry
Woodland Strawberry
Fragaria vesca
Woodland Strawberry leaf
Strawberry - Woodland: Flower stalk above leaves. Leaflets often stalkless. Tip tooth broad.
Woodland Strawberry fruit
Strawberry - Woodland: Seeds raised on surface.
Swamp Blackberry
Swamp Blackberry
Rubus semisetosus. Photo ©Merel R. Black, Wisconsin Flora
tatarian honeysuckle
Tatarian Honeysuckle*
(flowers white to pink)
Lonicera tatarica
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Cut-leaved Toothwort
Cardamine concatenata
Cut-leaved Toothwort
Cut-leaved Toothwort
Stem leaves divided into 3 deeply lobed toothed leaflets such that they appear to be 5 parted leaflets.
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Two-leaved Toothwort
Cardamine diphylla
Two-leaved Toothwort
Two-leaved Toothwort
Stems have two leaf stalks, opposite, leaves with 3 part lobes, not so deeply cut.
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Trillium - Large-flowered
(White Trillium)
Trillium grandiflorum
Nodding Trillium
Trillium - Nodding
Trillium cernuum
Miterwort
Twoleaf Mitrewort
(Bishop's Cap)

Mitella diphylla
Twoleaf Miterwort
Twoleaf Mitrewort - leaf
Single pair of almost stalkless 3 to 5 lobed leaves at mid stem
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White Trout Lily
(White Fawn Lily)

Erythronium albidum
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Wild Plum*
(American Plum)

Prunus americana
Wood Anemone
Wood Anemone
Anemone quinquefolia


Flowers Yellow to yellowish.

Common Cinquefoil
Common Cinquefoil
Potentilla simplex
Common Cinquefoil leaf
Common Cinquefoil
Basal leaf
Dandelion
Common Dandelion
Taraxacum officinale
Dandelion basal leaves
Common Dandelion
Leaves all basal, long, pinnately divided, terminal lobe larger, stalk with wings.
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Downy Yellow Violet
Viola pubescens
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Golden Alexanders
(Golden Zizia)

Zizia aurea
Golden Ragwort
Golden Ragwort
Packera aurea
Goldenseal
Goldenseal
Hydrastis canadensis
Hooked Crowfoot
Hooked Crowfoot
(Blisterwort)

Ranunculus recurvatus
Hooked Crowfoot Leaf
Hooked Crowfoot
Lower stem leaf
Ranunculus recurvatus
Kidney Leaf Buttercup
Kidneyleaf Buttercup
Littleleaf Buttercup

Ranunculus abortivus
Kidneyleaf Buttercup
Kidneyleaf Buttercup
Littleleaf Buttercup. Unique basal leaves
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Large-flowered Bellwort
Uvularia grandiflora
Marsh Marigold
Marsh Marigold
(Cowslip)

Caltha palustris
Yellow Goatsbeard
Meadow Goatsbeard
Tragopogon pratensis
Missouri Gooseberry flower
Missouri Gooseberry*
Ribes missouriense
Missouri Gooseberry leaf
Missouri Gooseberry*
Leaf - 3 to 5 palmate toothed lobes. Base straight to slightly heart-shaped.
Bush Honeysuckle
Northern Bush Honeysuckle*
Diervilla lonicera
Prairie Ragwort
Prairie Ragwort
Packera plattensis
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Swamp Buttercup
(Hispid Buttercup)

Ranunculus hispidus var. nitidus
Swamp Buttercup Leaf
Swamp Buttercup
Basal leaf - the largest, 3 parts, each part divided. Upper leaves more simple
Tall Buttercup
Tall Buttercup
Ranunculus acris
Tall Buttercup leaf
Tall Buttercup
Lower leaves divided into 3 to 7 parts with deep clefts
Tufted Loosestrife
Tufted Loosestrife
A wetland plant
Lysimachia thyrsiflora
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Wood Poppy
Stylophorum diphyllum
Yellow Day Lily
Yellow Day Lily
Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus
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Yellow Lady's-slipper
Cypripedium parviflorum var. pubescens
Meadow goatsbeard
Yellow Salsify
Tragopogon dubius
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Yellow Trout Lily
(Dogtooth Violet)

Erythronium americanum


Flowers Yellow-Green.

American Black Current
American Black Currant*
(Wild Black Currant)

Ribes americanum
American Black Currant Leaf
American Black Currant*
(Wild Black Currant)
Leaf- 3 to 5 toothed lobes, main veins from base. Underside with visible yellow glands.
Garden Currant
Garden Currant*
Ribes rubrum
Carrion Flower
Carrion Flower
Erect, Smilax ecirrhata and Common, S. lasioneura.
Common Carrion Flower
Carrion Flower - Common
climbing no prickles, ball like umbel on long stalk from leaf axils.
Carrion Flower Vine
Carrion Flower - Upright
No prickles, ball like umbel from stem bracts below leaves.
Carbrier
Catbrier
(Bristly Greenbrier)
Smilax tamnoides
Bittersweet
Climbing Bittersweet*
(American Bittersweet)

Celastrus scandens
Climbing Bittersweet leaf
Climbing Bittersweet*
(American Bittersweet)
Leaves oval, smooth, sharp teeth
Common Buckthorn
Common Buckthorn*
Rhamnus cathartica
Common Buckthorn leaf
Common Buckthorn
Common Buckthorn leaf - marginal teeth.
Glossy Buckthorn
Glossy Buckthorn*
(Flowers in loose cluster)
Rhamnus frangula
Glossy Buckthorn leaf
Glossy Buckthorn*
Leaf - no marginal teeth.
Prickly Gooseberry
Eastern Prickly Gooseberry*
Ribes cynosbati
Prickly Gooseberry
Eastern Prickly Gooseberry*
Ribes cynosbati
Prickly Gooseberry leaf
Eastern Prickly Gooseberry*
Leaf - 3-5 indented toothed lobes, heart-shaped base, stem and underside hairy.
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Leafy Spurge
Euphorbia esula
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Early Meadow Rue
Thalictrum dioicum
Veiny Meadow Rue
Veiny Meadow Rue
Thalictrum venulosum
Veiny Meadow Rue leaf
Veiny Meadow Rue
Leaves of Early & Veiny similar. Early flower anthers yellowish, Veiny more purplish.
Poison Ivy Flower
Poison Ivy
(Western Poison Ivy)
Toxicodendron rydbergii
Poison Ivy leaf
Poison Ivy
(Western Poison Ivy)
Leaf- 3 widely overal leaflets with pointed tip, hairless, shiny dark green, bronze when new.
Prickly Ash
Prickly Ash*
Zanthoxylum americanum
Riverbank Grape
Riverbank Grape*
Vitis riparia
Riverbank Grape leaf
Riverbank Grape*
leaf 3-lobed, coarse teeth, pale green. Young stems yellowish to reddish.
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Eastern Swamp Saxifrage
Micranthes pensylvanica
[Saxifraga pensylvanica]
Swamp Saxifrage Plant
Eastern Swamp Saxifrage
Hairy lance-shape leaves all basal. Flower stalk with glandular hair, up to 3 feet high.
Sweet Fern
Sweet Fern*
Comptonia peregrina
Sweet Fern plant
Sweet Fern*
Top of Plant
fragrant sumac
Fragrant Sumac*
Rhus aromatica
fragrant Sumac Leaf
Fragrant Sumac* Leaf
Rhus aromatica
Smooth Sumac
Smooth Sumac*
Rhus glabra
Smooth Sumac Twig
Smooth Sumac*
Twigs smooth & spotted. Leaf - 11 to 31 leaflets, leaf rachis without hair.
Staghorn Sumac
Staghorn Sumac*
Rhus hirta
Staghorn Sumac twig
Staghorn Sumac*
Twigs with dense fine hair. Leaf-9 to 29 leaflets, rachis with hair.
Thimbleweed
Thimbleweed
Anemone cylindrica
Tall Thimbleweed
Tall Thimbleweed
Anemone virginiana
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Yellow Trillium
(Yellow Wakerobin)

Trillium luteum
Water Horsetail strobilus
Water Horsetail
Equisetum fluviatile
Waterhorsetail
Water Horsetail
Ancient plant - spore producing strobilus atop unbranched stem.
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Wild Sarsaparilla
Aralia nudicaulis
Wild Sarsaparilla leaf
Wild Sarsaparilla leaf
Aralia nudicaulis


Flowers Green.

Broadleaf Burweed
Broadleaf Burweed
Sparganium eurycarpum. Photo ©©Josh Sulman, Wisconsin Flora
Great Solomon's Seal
Great Solomon's Seal
(Smooth Solomon's Seal)

Polygonatum biflorum
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Jack-in-the-pulpit
Arisaema triphyllum
Running Strawberry Bush
Running Strawberry Bush
Euonymus obovata. Photo ©John Zaborsky, Wisconsin Flora
Skunk Cabbage
Skunk Cabbage
during leaf-out
Symplocarpus foetidus
Virginia Creeper
Virginia Creeper*
Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Virginia Creeper Flower Cluster
Virginia Creeper Inflorescence cluster much branched
Virginia Creeper leaf
Virginia Creeper leaf
Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Virginia Creeper pads
Virginia Creeper
Only Creeper has attachment pads
Grape Woodbine
Woodbine*
(Grape Woodbine)

Parthenocissus vitacea
Grape Woodbine Flower Cluster
Woodbine*
Inflorescence
2 or 3 branches only.
Grape Woodbine leaf
Woodbine*
Leaf more glossty than Virginia Creeper.


Flowers Bluish.

Blue Cohosh
Blue Cohosh
Caulophyllum thalictroides
Blue Cohosh leaf
Blue Cohosh
Leaf - 3 to 4 3-parted sections, each section with 3 parts (27 leaflets per leaf)
Blue Squill
Blue Squill
Scilla siberica
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Common Blue Violet
Viola sororia
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Common Periwinkle
(Running Myrtle)

Vinca Minor
Creeping Charlie
Creeping Charlie
(Ground Ivy)

Glechoma hederacea
Eastern Bluestar
Eastern Bluestar
Amsonia tabernaemontana
False Blue Indigo
False Blue Indigo
(Blue Wild Indigo)

Baptisia australis
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Jacob's Ladder
(Greek Valerian)

Polemonium reptans
Jacob's Ladder leaf
Jacob's Ladder
Plant under 20 inches high, leaf- 7-17 leaflets, smooth edges, frequently reclining.
Prairie Birdsfoot Violet
Viola pedatifida
Forget-me-not
True Forget-me-not
Myosotis scorpioides
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Virginia Bluebells
Mertensia virginica
Virginia Waterleaf
Virginia Waterleaf
(Eastern Waterleaf)

Hydrophyllum virginianum
Wild blue Phlox
Wild Blue Phlox
Phlox divaricata


Flowers pink, pinkish, rosy, purplish.

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Wild Geranium
(Spotted Geranium)

Geranium maculatum
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Dame's Rocket
(Sweet Rocket)

Hesperis matronalis
Downy Phlox
Downy Phlox
Phlox pilosa
Downy Phlox leaf
Downy Phlox
Leaves less than 1/2” wide, stems with fine whitish hair, flowers in branched clusters.
Fumewort
Fumewort
Corydalis solida
Lanceleaf Figwort
Lanceleaf Figwort
Scrophularia lanceolata
Lanceleaf Figwort leaf
Lanceleaf Figwort
Stems with flat sides. Stalked lance-shape leaves, double-tooth margins.
Motherwort
Motherwort
Leonurus cardiaca
Motherwort plant section
Top section of plant, leaves lobed lower on plant.
Red Clover
Red Clover
Trifolium pratense
Red Clover leaf
Red Clover
leaf 3-parted, blunt oval shape, hairy edges, lighter color chevron, large stipule.
Climbing Rose
Climbing Rose*
Rosa setigera
Climbing Rose leaf
Climbing Rose*
Leaf of 3 leaflets, stems arching, vine-like, flws in clusters.
Pasture Rose
Pasture Rose*
(Carolina Rose)
Rosa carolina
Pasture Rose bud
Pasture Rose*
Glandular hair on sepals and flower stalks. Leaflets 5 to 7(9), unbranched, flws solitary
Arkansas Rose
Prairie Wild Rose*
Rosa arkansana
Arkansas Rose leaf
Prairie Wild Rose*
9-11 leaflets, many lower stem prickles, little branching, flws in clusters of 2-3
Prickly Rose
Prickly Rose*
Rosa acicularlis
Prickly Rose Stem
Prickly Rose*
Stems branched, densely prickled near base, leaflets 5-9, flowers solitary.
Smooth Rose
Smooth Rose*
Rosa blanda
Smooth Rose leaf
Smooth Rose*
5-7 leaflets, few stem prickles, short plant, branched, flws usually in clusters.
Woods Rose
Wood's Rose*
Rosa woodsii
Wood's Rose olf stem
Wood's Rose*
Tallest rose, stems reddish, curved prickles (not dense), leaflets 5-9, flws 1 or 1-3
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Rue Anemone
Thalictrum thalictroides
Shooting Star
Shooting Star
(Pride of Ohio)

Dodecatheon media
Showy Beardtongue
Showy Beardtongue
(Large-flowered Beardtongue)

Penstemon grandiflorus
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Showy Lady's-slipper
Cypripedium reginae
Purple Trillium
Purple Trillium
Trillium erectum
Prairie Trillium
Prairie Trillium
Trillium recurvatum
Sweet Betsy
Sweet Betsy
Trillium cuneatum
Toadshade
Toadshade
Trillium sessile
leaf of sweet betsy
Toadshade &
Sweet Betsy - Similar. No leaf stalks T-shade has to 3” leaf & 1.5” flower, Betsy to 6” and 3”
Veiny Pea
Veiny Pea
(Veiny Vetchling)

Lathyrus venosus
Veiny Pea leaf Stipule
Veiny Pea
Leaf 8 to 12 leaflets with tendril. Stipule arrow shape, clasps stem, 2 lobes only.
American Vetch
American Vetch
Vicia americana
American Vetch leaf stipule
American Vetch
Leaf - 8-16 leaflets, tendrils. Stipule pairs pointed with 3 sharp teeth in middle of each
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Wild Ginger
(Canadian Wild Ginger)

Asarum canadense
Wild Ginger leaf
Wild Ginger
Leaves - 2 per plant, hairy stalks and underside, up to 6” wide. Stem prostrate.
Wild Oats
Wild Oats
(Sissileleaf Bellwort)

Uvularia sessilifolia


Reddish, orangish, brown.

Flame Azalea
Flame Azalea*
Rhododendron calendulaceum
Horse Gentian
Horse Gentian
Triosteum perfoliatum
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Prairie Smoke
seed head stage
Geum triflorum
Columbine
Wild Columbine
(Red Columbine)

Aquilegia canadensis
American Hazelnut male catkins
American Hazelnut*
(Male Catkins)
Corylus americana
American Hazelnut female flowers
American Hazelnut*
(Female flowers)
Male flowers in hanging catkins, female is small buds - both before the leaves.

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