Friends of the Wild Flower Garden
upland in winter

Information about Eloise Butler Wildflower Garden - Plant Community

Minneapolis Park & Recreation Board Web Site:

Please see the Minneapolis Park & Recreation web site for complete information on the Garden including current operating hours, parking pass information, bus routes, programs offered at the Garden, plant and bird checklists. A locater map is also available on the Parks website.

More information links at page bottom

The plant community at Eloise Butler

Sample Garden Plant List by Common Name

Sample Garden Plant List by Scientific Name

The plant lists, above, have links to an information sheet with additional photos of the plants listed.

Photo thumbnails of flowering plants -Spring

Photo thumbnails of flowering plants -Late Spring

Photo thumbnails of flowering plants -Early Summer

Photo thumbnails of flowering plants -Late Summer

Photo thumbnails of flowering plants -Autumn

Photo thumbnails in common name order, covering all seasons, are found on the Photo Gallery Page. Also printable pdf versions are found on each season's photo gallery page.

Autumn fruits and seeds -Photo thumbnails.

Ferns of the Garden -Photo thumbnails

Grasses/Sedges of the Garden - Photo thumbnails

Trees and Shrubs of the Garden (Listing)

Indigenous Plants 1907-16 (MPRB pdf file)

Vascular Plant Census- 2009 (MPRB pdf file)

graphicGarden Plant Photo Identification Booklet

Visit the Photo Gallery Page for a complete list of plant photo pages.

Water HemlockGarden Plant of the Week

Water Hemlock
Cicuta maculata L.

The most poisonous plant in North America was indigenous to the Wildflower Garden. It has several alternate common names such as Spotted Cowbane, Children’s Bane, Beaver Poison, all referencing its danger. While no longer extant in the Garden, it was present for many years, included on Martha Crone’s 1951 census, and probably disappeared in the 1960s or ‘70s. You will find it in Hennepin County and most other counties of our State.

It is a striking plant, growing to 7 feet in height, with a large umbels of small white flowers branching from the top.

The green stem and leaves are poisonous and the roots are much more so, concentrating a poison known as 'cicutoxin'. Browsing cattle and sheep can easily pull a root from the soil when browsing new green growth. A single section of root can kill a cow, hence the old name of Cowbane. Children are quite susceptible to the poison and ingestion causes cramps, vomiting and convulsions within 60 minutes, usually results in death in a very short time. At a minimum there is damage to the central nervous system of adults. The roots has a pleasant aromatic taste, which hides the toxin, and can thus be mistaken from turnips or artichokes.

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