Friends of the Wild Flower Garden
Supporting the Eloise Butler Wildflower Garden and Bird Sanctuary
The oldest public wildflower garden in the United States.


Listing by season, of Eloise Butler's plantings in 1912, that were "1st time" plantings according to her Garden Log.

Eloise brought into the Garden a number of plants that are not listed today on the Garden census. Many of these were native to Minnesota and a few were not. Here is a listing of most of those plants introduced this year to the Garden for the first time - the common and botanical names listed first are names she used followed by other common names for the same plant and the newer botanical classifications, if any; then follows her source for the material. 1912 is the first year the following list of plants occur in her log. Most are shown in the photos. The inclusion of "(M.C.)" indicates a plant that was still present at the time of Martha Crone's 1951 Garden Census - except for grasses and sedges which Crone did not catalog. "Native" indicates the plant is considered native to Minnesota or if introduced, long established. "Extant" indicates the plant is present in the Garden today. Botanical classification: Over the years Botanists have reclassified many plants from the classifications in use at the time Eloise Butler wrote her Garden Log or when Martha Crone prepared her census. I have retained the nomenclature that Eloise Butler or Martha Crone used and then provided the more current classification based on the latest published information from Flora of North America (Ref. #W7) and the Annotated Checklist of the Vascular Flora of Minnesota. (Ref. #28c)


Spring 1912.

Photos shown below are a mix of early plantings that are not present today and of plants still extant. Click the name link in the list for photos and information of those plants most of which are still extant.

Desert False Indigo
Desert False Indigo, (Amorpha fruticosa) Photo© Derek Anderson, Wisconsin Flora.
Black Huckelberry
Black Huckelberry, (Gaylussacia baccata). Photo ©Nelson Debarros, USDA-NRCS Plants Database
Buffaloberry
Buffaloberry (Shepherdia argentea). Photo ©R. A. Howard, USDA-NRCS Plants Database
Bog Laurel
Bog Laurel (Kalmia polifolia) Photo ©Christopher Noll, Wisconsin Flora.
Carolina Spring Beauty
Carolina Spring Beauty (Claytonia caroliniana) Photo ©William S. Justice, USDA-NRCS Plants Database
Four flower yellow loosestrife
Fourflower Yellow Loosestrife (Lysimachia quadriflora) Photo ©Dan Tenaglia, Missouri Wildflowers
Maximilian Sunflower
Maximilian Sunflower (Helianthus maximiliani) Photo ©Jeff McMillian, USDA-NRCS Plants Database
White Colicroot
White Colicroot (Aletris farinosa) Photo ©Larry Allain, USDA-NRCS Plants Database
Halberdleaf Rosemallow
Halberdleaf Rosemallow (Hibiscus laevis) Photo ©Jennifer Anderson, Wisconsin Flora.
White Camas
White Camas, (Zigadenus elegans). Photo ©Cassondra Skinner, USDA-NRCS Plants Database
Moss Phlox
Moss Phlox (Phlox subulata) Photo ©Jeff McMillian, USDA-NRCS Plants Database.
Paleleaf Sunflower
Paleleaf Sunflower (Helianthus strumosus) Photo ©G D Bebeau

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Summer 1912 Plantings

See explanatory notes at top of page.

Photos shown below are of early plantings that are not present today (Exceptions noted). Click the name link in the list for photos of those plants most of which are still extant.

 

False Boneset
False Boneset (Brickellia eupatorioides var. corymbulosa). Photo ©Merel R. Black, Wisconsin Flora.
American White Waterlily
White Pond Lily (American white water lily) (Nymphaea odorata ssp. tuberosa). Photo ©Scott A. Milburn, Wisconsin Flora.
Alderleaf buckthorn
Alderleaf Buckthorn (Rhamnus alnifolia) Photo ©Emmet J. Judziewicz, Wisconsin Flora.
Azure Bluets
Azure Bluets (Houstonia caerulea). Photo ©Thomas G. Barnes, USDA-NCRS Plants Database
Carolina Puccoon
Carolina Puccoon (Lithospermum caroliniense var. croceum). Photo ©Merel R. Black, Wisconsin Flora.
Broadleaf Burweed
Broadleaf Burweed (Sparganium eurycarpum). Photo ©Josh Sulman, Wisconsin Flora.
Motherwort
Common Motherwort (Leonurus cardiaca). Photo ©G D Bebeau
Boltonia
Boltonia or White Doll’s Daisy (Boltonia asteroides). Photo ©Jeff McMillian, USDA-NRCS Plants Database
Crowned Beggartick
Crowned Beggarsticks (Bidens coronata). Photo ©Robert Mohlenbrock, USDA-NRCS Plants Database
Kittentails
Kittentails or Bull’s Coraldrops (Synthyris bullii). Photo ©Christopher Noll, Wisconsin Flora.
Louisiana Brookrape
Louisiana Broomrape (Orobanche ludoviciana). Photo ©Derek Anderson, Wisconsin Flora.
Pickerel Weed
Pickerel Weed (Pontederia cordata). Photo ©David G. Smith, Delaware Wildflowers
Prairie Goldenrod
Prairie Goldenrod (Oligoneuron album). Photo ©Christopher Noll, Wisconsin Flora.
Prairie Sagewort
Prairie Sagewort (Artemisia frigida). Photo ©Al Schneider, USDA-NRCS Plants Database
Spotted Beebalm
Spotted Beebalm or Horsemint (Monarda punctata). Photo ©G D Bebeau
Strawberry Blite
Strawberry Blite (Chenopodium capitatum). Photo ©Matthew Wagner, Wisconsin Flora.
Swamp Candles
Yellow loosestrife - Swamp candles (Lysimachia terrestris). Photo ©G D Bebeau
Sideoats Grama
Sideoats Grama (Bouteloua curtipendula). Photo ©G D Bebeau

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Fall 1912 Plantings

See explanatory notes at top of page.

Photos shown below are of early plantings that are not present today (Exceptions noted).

aromatic aster
Aromatic Aster (Symphyotrichum oblongifolium). Photo ©G D Bebeau.
Downy Gentian
Downy Gentian (Gentiana puberulenta). Photo ©G D Bebeau.
Dotted Blazing Star
Dotted Blazing Star (Liatris punctata). Photo ©G D Bebeau.
Elecampane
Elecampane inula (Inula helenium). Photo ©G D Bebeau.
Heal-all
Selfheal (Heal-all) (Prunella vulgaris) Photo ©G D Bebeau.
Green Dragon
Green Dragon (Arisaema dracontium). Photo ©Derek Anderson, Wisconsin Flora.
Rush Skeletonplant
Rush Skeletonplant (Lygodesmia juncea ) Photo ©Al Schneider, USDA-NRCS Plants Database
Panicled Aster
White Panicled Aster (Symphyotrichum lanceolatum var. lanceolatum). Photo ©G D Bebeau.
Round-leaved orchis
Round-leaved Orchis (Amerorchis rotundifolia). Photo ©Scott A. Milburn, Wisconsin Flora.
Small White Lady's-slipper
Small white lady’s-slipper (Cypripedium candidum). Photo ©Derek Anderson, Wisconsin Flora.
Virginia Creeper
Virginia Creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia). Photo ©G D Bebeau.

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