Friends of the Wild Flower Garden
Supporting the Eloise Butler Wildflower Garden and Bird Sanctuary
The oldest public wildflower garden in the United States.


Listing by season, of Eloise Butler's plantings in 1914, that were "1st time" plantings according to her Garden Log.

Eloise brought into the Garden a number of plants that are not listed today on the Garden census. Many of these were native to Minnesota and a few were not. Here is a listing of most of those plants introduced this year to the Garden for the first time - the common and botanical names listed first are names she used followed by other common names for the same plant and the newer botanical classifications, if any; then follows her source for the material. 1914 is the first year the following list of plants occur in her log. Most are shown in the photos. The inclusion of "(M.C.)" indicates a plant that was still present at the time of Martha Crone's 1951 Garden Census - except for grasses and sedges which Crone did not catalog. "Native" indicates the plant is considered native to Minnesota or if introduced, long established. "Extant" indicates the plant is present in the Garden today. Botanical classification: Over the years Botanists have reclassified many plants from the classifications in use at the time Eloise Butler wrote her Garden Log or when Martha Crone prepared her census. I have retained the nomenclature that Eloise Butler or Martha Crone used and then provided the more current classification based on the latest published information from Flora of North America (Ref. #W7) and the Annotated Checklist of the Vascular Flora of Minnesota. (Ref. #28c)


Spring 1914.

Photos shown below are a mix of early plantings that are not present today and of plants still extant. Click the name link in the list for photos and information of those plants most of which are still extant.

Agoseris
Agoseris, (Agoseris sp ) Photo ©G A Cooper, USDA-NRCS Plants Database
Anise-scented Goldenrod
Anise-scented Goldenrod, (Solidago odora). Photo ©Larry Allain, USDA-NRCS Plants database
Blanketflower
Blanketflower, (Gaillardia aristata). Photo ©J. S. Peterson, USDA-NRCS Plants database
Brittle Pricklypear
Brittle Prickly Pear (Opuntia fragilis) Photo ©Derek Anderson, Wisconsin Flora.
Golden Corydalis
Golden Corydalis (Corydalis aurea) Photo ©Al Schneider, USDA-NRCS Plants Database
Goldmoss Stonecrop
Goldmoss Stonecrop (Sedum acre) Photo ©Christopher Noll, Wisconsin Flora.
Hairy Golden-aster
Hairy False Goldenaster (Heterotheca villosa). Photo ©G D Bebeau
Lotus Milkvetch
Lotus Milkvetch, (Astragalus lotiflorus), Photo ©Robin Buckallew, USDA-NRCS Plants Database
Prickly Pear
Prickly Pear (Opuntia ficus-indica) Photo ©J. S. Peterson, USDA-NRCS Plants database
Purple Locoweed
Purple Locoweed (Oxytropis lambertii). Photo ©Al Schneider, USDA-NRCS Plants Database
Rocky Mountain Woodsia
Rocky Mountain Woodsia, (Woodsia scopulina). Photo ©Gary A. Monroe, USDA-NRCS Plants Database
Seneca Snakeroot
Seneca Snakeroot, (Polygala senaga). Photo ©Thomas G. Barnes, USDA-NRCS Plants Database
Silver Buffaloberry
Silver Buffaloberry (Shepherdia argentea). Photo ©G D Bebeau
Twinflower
Twinflower, (Linnaea borealis). Photo ©Kitty Kohout, Wisconsin Flora.
Pink Yarrow
Pink Yarrow, (Achillea millefolium roseum), Photo © Ivar Leidus.
Wild Lupine
Wild Lupine, (Lupinus perennis). Photo ©G D Bebeau

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Summer 1914 Plantings

See explanatory notes at top of page.

Photos shown below are of early plantings that are not present today (Exceptions noted). Click the name link in the list for photos of those plants most of which are still extant.

 

Silverweed Cinquefoil
Silver-weed Cinquefoil, (Argentina anserina). Photo ©Emmett J. Judziewicz, Wisconsin Flora.
Swamp Loosestrife
Swamp Loosestrife. (Decodon verticillatus). Photo ©Merel R. Black, Wisconsin Flora.
Cow Soapwort
Cow Soapwort (Vaccaria hispanica). Photo ©Emmett J. Judziewicz, Wisconsin Flora.
American Dragonhead
American Dragonhead (Dracocephalum parviflorum). Photo ©Al Schneider, USDA-NRCS Plants Database
Asiatic Dayflower
Asiatic Dayflower (Commelina communis). Photo ©Elaine Haug, USDA-NRCS Plants Database
Corn Cockle
Corn Cockle (Agrostemma githago). Photo ©Dan Tenaglia, Missouri Plants
Dwarf Spike-moss
Dwarf Spike-moss, (Selaginella rupestris). Photo ©Christopher Noll, Wisconsin Flora.
Fewleaf Sunflower
Fewleaf Sunflower, (Helianthus occidentalis). Photo ©Emmett J. Judziewicz, Wisconsin Flora.
pale smartweed
Nodding Smartweed, (Persicaria lapathifolia). Photo ©G D Bebeau
Canadian Gooseberry
Canadian Gooseberry, (Ribes oxyacnathoides). Photo ©Wm. A. Alverson, Wisconsin Flora.
Fernleaf False Foxglove
Fern-leaf False Foxglove (Aureolaria pedicularia). Photo ©Janice Stiefel, Wisconsin Flora.
Purple Rattlesnake Root
Purple Rattlesnake Root, (Prenanthes racemosa). Photo ©Christopher Noll, Wisconsin Flora.
Prairie Flame Flower
Prairie Flame Flower, (Phemeranthus parviflorus). Photo ©Dan Tenaglia, Missouri Plants
Rope Dodder
Rope Dodder, (Cuscuta glomerata).Photo ©Kitty Kohout, Wisconsin Flora.
Rose Pogonia
Rose Pogonia, (Pogonia ophioglossiodes). Photo ©Jeff McMillian, USDA-NRCS Plants database
Roughseed Clammyweed
Roughseed Clammyweed, (Polanisia dodecandra). Photo ©Merel R. Black, Wisconsin Flora.
Sessileleaf Arrowhead
Sessilefruit Arrowhead, (Sagittaria rigida). Photo ©Paul Skawinski, Wisconsin Flora.
Seven Angle Pipewort
Seven-angle Pipewort, (Eriocaulon aquaticum). Photo ©Matthew L. Wagner, Wisconsin Flora.
Silvery Scurfpea
Silvery Scurfpea, (Pediomelum argophyllum). Photo ©Larry Allain, USDA-NRCS Plants database
Spiny sowthistle
Spiny Sowthistle, (Sonchus asper). Photo © G D Bebeau
Few leaved Sunflower
Stiff or Few-leaved Sunflower, (Helianthus pauciflorus) Photo ©Merle R. Black, Wisconsin Flora.
Water cress
Watercress, (Nasturtium officinale). Photo ©Robert H. Mohlenbrock, USDA-NRCS Plants database
Water Speedwell
Water Speedwell, (Veronica anagallis-aquatica). Photo ©Nelson DeBarros, USDA-NRCS Plants database
Wax-flowered Shinleaf
Wax-flower Shinleaf, (Pyrola elliptica). Photo ©Emmett J. Judziewicz, Wisconsin Flora.

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Fall 1914 Plantings

See explanatory notes at top of page.

Photos shown below are of early plantings that are not present today (Exceptions noted).

Ague-weed
Ague-weed (Gentiana quinquefolia). Photo ©Merel R. Black, Wisconsin Flora.
Allegheny0vine
Allegheny-vine, (Adlumia fungosa). Photo ©Christopher Noll, Wisconsin Flora.
Atlantic Camas
Atlantic Camas, (Camassia scilloides). Photo ©G D Bebeau
Climbing Nightshade
Climbing Nightshade, (Solanum dulcamara). Photo ©G D Bebeau
Coastal Jointweed
Coastal Jointweed, (Polygonella artriculata). ©Kitty Kohout, Wisconsin Flora.
Ditch Stonecrop
Ditch Stonecrop (Penthorum sedoides). ©Kitty Kohout, Wisconsin Flora.
Drummond's Aster
Drummond's Aster, (Symphyotrichum drummondii) Photo ©Mark Feider, Wisconsin Flora.
Early Goldenrod
Early Goldenrod, (Solidago juncea). Photo ©Robert Freckmann, Wisconsin Flora.
Field Hop Clover
Field Hop Clover (Trifolium campestre). Photo ©Patrick J Alexander , USDA-NRCS Plants Database
Garden Phlox
Garden Phlox, (Phlox paniculata). Photo ©G D Bebeau
Missouri Goldenrod
Missouri Goldenrod, (Solidago missouriensis). Photo ©Larry Allain, USDA-NRCS Plants database
Hemp
Hemp, (Cannabis sativa). Photo ©Robin Buckallew, USDA-NRCS Plants Database
Painted Trillium
Painted Trillium, (Trillium undulatum). Photo ©Nelson DeBarros, USDA-NRCS Plants Database
Pine Barren Golden Heather
Pine Barren Golden Heather, (Hudsonia ericoides). Photo ©R A Howard, USDA-NRCS Plants Database
Riddell's Goldenrod
Riddell's Goldenrod, (Solidago riddellii), Photo ©G D Bebeau
Shadblow Service berry
Shadblow Serviceberry, (Amelanchier canadensis). Photo ©G D Bebeau
Shrubby Cinquefoil
Shrubby Cinquefoil, (Dasiphora fruticosa). Photo ©G D Bebeau
Silky Prairie Clover
Silky Prairie Clover, (Dalea Villosa). Photo ©Derek Anderson, Wisconsin Flora.
Grooved Yellow Flax
Grooved Yellow Flax, (Linum sulcatum). Photo ©Derek Anderson, Wisconsin Flora.

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