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Grasses of The Eloise Butler Wildflower Garden

Presented by The Friends of the Wild Flower Garden


This is a listing of grasses and sedges represented in the Wildflower Garden today with a few additions that were historically present but no longer extant, or are common in Minnesota.
Nomenclature has changed over the last 100 years from that which the early curators (Eloise Butler and Martha Crone) used and we have provided the more current classification as used by the major listings in use today, particularly Flora of North America and in Minnesota the Annotated Checklist of the Vascular Flora of Minnesota.


Other thumbnail selections to choose from:

Thumbnails of flowering plants by Common Name
Thumbnails A to D


Thumbnails E to M

Thumbnails N to S

Thumbnails T to Z

Grasses/Sedges (Sci Name)

Ferns
Thumbnails sorted by color
Spring

Late Spring

Early Summer
Thumbnails sorted by color
Late Summer

Late Summer Seeds and fruits

Autumn

Autumn Seeds

Click on the grass name to bring up an information sheet with plant information and photos. Grasses are listed in Scientific Name order. Sedges are at the bottom of the page.

Gilbert White, in his The Natural History of Selborne, wrote in a letter to fellow naturalist Daines Barrington: "But of all sorts of vegetation the grasses seem to be the most neglected; neither the farmer nor the grazier seem to distinguish the annual from the perennial, the hardy from the tender, nor the succulent and nutritive from the dry and juiceless. The study of grasses would be of great consequence to a northerly, and grazing kingdom. The botanist that could improve the swerd of the district where he lived would be a useful member of society, to raise a thick turf on a naked soil would be worth volumes of systematic knowledge; and he would be the best commonwealth’s man that could occasion the growth of ‘two blades of grass where one alone was seen before.’ " June 2, 1778.

Redtop
Red Top
Agrostis gigantea

Naturalized
Big Bluestem
Big Bluestem
Andropogon gerardii

Native
Side Oats Grama
Side Oats Grama
Bouteloua curtipendula

Native
Blue Grama
Blue Grama
Bouteloua gracilis

Native
Smooth Brome
Smooth Brome
Bromus inermis

Native
Earlyleaf Brome
Earlyleaf Brome
Bromus latiglumis

Native
Hairy Woodland Brome
Hairy Woodland Brome
Bromus pubescens

Native
panic grass
Scribner's Panicgrass
Dichanthelium oligosanthes

Native
Hairy panicgrass
Hairy Panicgrass
Dichanthelium acuminatum

Native
Crabgrass
Crabgrass
Digitaria sanquinalis

Introduced
Eastern Bottlebrush
Eastern Bottlebrush
Elymus hystrix

Native
Quackgrass
Quackgrass
Elymus repens

Introduced
Wild Rye
Wild Rye & Canada Wild Rye
Elymus sp. & E. Canadensis

native
American Mannagrass
American Mannagrass
Glyceria grandis

Native
fowl mannagrass
Fowl Mannagrass
Glyceria striata

Native
Porcupine Grass
Porcupine Grass
Hesperostipa spartea

Native
Blue Oat Grass
Blue Oat Grass
Helictotrichon sempervirens

Introduced
rice cutgrass
Rice Cutgrass
Leersia oryzoides

Native
Cutgrass
Whitegrass
White Cutgrass
Leersia virginica

Native
Satin Grass
Mexican Muhly
(Satin Grass)
Muhlenbergia mexicana

Native
Muhly Grass
Marsh Muhly
(Green Muhly)
Muhlenbergia racemosa

Native
Switch Grass
Switch Grass
Panicum virgatum

Native
Paspalum
Paspalum
Paspalum setaceum

Native
Reed Canary Grass
Reed Canary Grass
Phalaris arundinacea

Introduced
Timothy
Timothy
Phleum pratense

Introduced
Canada Bluegrass
Canada Bluegrass
Poa compressa

Introduced
Kentucky Bluegrass
Kentucky Bluegrass
Poa pratensis

Introduced
Little Bluestem
Little Bluestem
Schizachyrium scoparium

Native
Yellow Foxtail
Yellow Foxtail
Setaria pumila

Introduced
Indiangrass
Indiangrass
Sorghastrum nutans

Native
Prairie Cordgrass
Prairie Cordgrass
Spartina pectinata

Native
Prairie Dropseed
Prairie Dropseed
Sporobolus heterolepis

Native (not in the Garden)


Sedges
Foxtail Sedge
Foxtail Sedge
Carex alopecoidea Tuck.

Native
Eastern Wood Sedge
Eastern Wood Sedge
Carex blanda Dewey

Native
Shortbeak Sedge
Shortbeak Sedge
Carex brevior (Dewey) Mack. ex Lunell

Native
Oval-leaf Sedge
Oval-leaf Sedge (Woodbank Sedge)
Carex cephalophora Muhl. ex Willd.

Native
Bristly Sedge
Bristly Sedge
Carex comosa Boott

Native
Soft Fox Sedge
Soft Fox Sedge
Carex conjuncta Boott

Native [not in the Garden]
Crested Sedge
Crested Sedge
Carex cristatella Britton

Native
Graceful Sedge
Graceful Sedge
Carex gracillima Schwein.

Native
carex grayi
Gray's Sedge
Carex grayi J. Carey

Native (not in the Garden)
Narrow-leaf Sedge
Narrow-leaf Sedge
Carex grisea Wahlenb.

Native
Hairy Wood Sedge
Hairy Wood Sedge
Carex hirtifolia Mack.

Native
Bottlebrush sedge
Bottlebrush Sedge (Porcupine Sedge)
Carex hystericina Muhl. ex Willd.

Native
Lake Sedge
Lake Sedge
Carex lacustris Willd.

Native
carex lupulina
Hop Sedge
Carex lupulina Willd.

Native
Long-stalk Sedge
Long-stalk Sedge
Carex pedunculata Muhl. ex Willd.

Native
Woolly Sedge
Woolly Sedge
Carex pellita Willd.

Native
Pennsylvanica Sedge
Pennsylvania Sedge
Carex pensylvanica Lam.

Native
Eastern Star Sedge
Eastern Star Sedge
Carex radiata (Wahlenb.) Small

Native
Stellate Sedge
Stellate Sedge
Carex rosea Schkuhr ex Willd.

Native
Broom Sedge
Broom Sedge (Lance-fruited Oval Sedge
Carex scoparia Schkuhr ex Willd. var. scoparia

Native (not in the Garden)
Burreed Sedge
Bur-reed Sedge
Carex sparganioides Muhl. ex Willd.

Native
Sprengel's Sedge
Sprengel's Sedge
Carex sprengelii Dewey ex Spreng.

Native
carex stipata
Awl-fruit Sedge
Carex stipata Muhl. ex Willd. var. stipata

Native
Upright Sedge
Upright Sedge
Carex stricta Lam.

Native
Quill Sedge
Quill Sedge
Carex tenera Dewey

Native
Cattail Sedge
Cattail Sedge
Carex typhina Michx.

Native
Fox sedge
Fox Sedge (Brown Fox Sedge)
Carex vulpinoidea Michx.

Native [not in the Garden]
Yellow Nutsedge
Yellow Nutsedge
Cyperus esculentus L. var. leptostachyus Boeckeler
Introduced

Grass structure and definitions - PDF from Oregon State University

Grass Ligule types, shapes and margins (pdf)

Sedge terms

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