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Autumn Flowers of Eloise Butler Wildflower Garden

Presented by The Friends of the Wild Flower Garden


Red Sumac

Thumbnails of some of the Autumn flowering plants you may encounter on a visit - September 1st to Mid-October. This page includes both the Upland and Woodland Gardens. Alternate common names for plant are shown in ( ), woody plants designated by "*". Timing of bloom will vary with each year's weather pattern.
Plant names with web links lead to a separate page of plant information and photos on that plant.
Images are arranged by six color categories and then by scientific name within color. Plants listed on our Common and Scientific name list that are not currently found in the Garden are not listed below.
Download printable PDF File in Scientific Name Order within Color. Prints at 11 high by 8.5 inches wide, 20 images per page, 17 pages total: Low resolution 3.1 mb - - - Hi resolution 22.8 mb. Best for printing.


Flowers white, whitish, whitish-green.

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White Snakeroot
Ageratina altissima
White Snakeroot plant section
White Snakeroot
Leaves egg shape, stalked, coarsely toothed.
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Nodding Wild Onion
Allium cernuum
(Buds and open flowers nodding)
Wild Onion leaves
Both Wild Onions
Leaves all basal, forming vase shape. Flower stem rises from bulb. Pink flowers also.
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Wild Onion
Allium stellatum
(Buds nod, open flowers held erect)
Hog peanut
Hog Peanut
Amphicarpaea bracteata
Hog peanut leaf
Hog Peanut
Leaf 3-parted on long stalk. Flower cluster rises from leaf axil.
Hog peanut pods
Hog Peanut
Pods flat, pointed on end, usually 3 seed. Bean-like edible seed in shallow ground
Prairie sage flower cluster
White Sage
(Prairie Sage)

Artemisia ludoviciana
Prairie Sage
White Sage (Prairie Sage)
Erect, all parts with dense matted white to grayish hair. Leaf - narrow, no teeth.
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Turtlehead
(White Turtlehead)

Chelone glabra
White Turtlehead
Turtlehead
Stems multiple, branched at top. Leaf 6x long as wide, toothed.
Chicory white type
Chicory - white flower type
Cichorium intybus
Basal leaf
Chicory - white flower type
Basal leaf long with sharp dentations, stalked.
Chicory Stem leaf
Chicory
Stem leaf short, stalkless with clasping auricle; may have fine teeth.
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Enchanter's Nightshade
(Broadleaf Enchanter's Nightshade)

Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis
enchanter's Nightshade leaf
Enchanter's Nightshade
Leaves opposite, long stalks, shallow teeth.
Enchanter's Nightshade plant
Enchanter's Nightshade
Flowers small, 2-parted, long stalks on 12-24" unbranched spike
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Virgin's Bower
Clematis virginiana
Virgin's Bower leaf
Virgin's Bower
Leaves 3-parted, opposite, leaf stalks twining. Flowers perfect or dioecious
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Aster, Flat-topped
Doellingeria umbellata var. pubens
Flat-topped Aster leaf
Aster, Flat-topped
leaf- linear, smooth, no teeth, stem red lower.
Aster, Flat-topped
Phyllaries 3-4 series, unequal, light green, linear, short stiff hair
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Annual Fleabane
(Eastern Daisy Fleabane)

Erigeron annuus
Daisy fleabane leaf
Annual Fleabane
(Eastern Daisy Fleabane)
Leaf toothed, not clasping, stem hair standing out
Annual Fleabane Phyllaries
Annual Fleabane
Phyllaries in 2 to 3 series, sparsely hairy, sometimes glandular.
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Lesser Daisy Fleabane
(Prairie Fleabane)
Erigeron strigosus
Lesser Fleabane leaf
Lesser Daisy Fleabane
(Prairie Fleabane)
Leaf- few teeth, not clasping, stem hair close to stem
Lesser Daisy Fleabane Phyllaries
Lesser Daisy Fleabane
(Prairie Fleabane)
Phyllaries in 2 to 4 series with or without fine hair.
Boneset flower
Boneset
Eupatorium perfoliatum
Boneset plant
Boneset
Flowers grouped in branching clusters, each flower with 7-11 florets.
Boneset leaf
Boneset
Leaves opposite with hairy surfaces, surround hairy 1 - 5' stem
Flowering Spurge
Flowering Spurge
Euphorbia corollata
Flowering Spurge leaves
Flowering Spurge
Main stem unbranched, many flowering branches above the upper stem whorl
White Wood Aster
Aster, White Wood
Eurybia divaricata
White Wood Aster leaf
Aster, White Wood - leaf
Large, toothed, long stalk, heart base. Flowers in branched cluster.
White Wood Aster Phyllaries
Aster, White Wood
Phyllaries 25-20 in 4 to 5 series, unequal, rounded to pointed, whitish, dk green tips.
Large Leaved Aster
Aster - Large-leaved
(Bigleaf Aster)

Eurybia macrophylla
Flowers white to blue.
Large-leaved aster leaf
Aster, Large-leaved
(Bigleaf Aster)
Basal leaves large, broadly oval, long stalked, heart shape bases
Big leaf aster phyllariies
Aster, Large-leaved
(Bigleaf Aster)
Phyllaries 5-6 series, 32 to 35, overlapping, oft purple tinged, short glandular hair.
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Plain Gentian
(Yellowish Gentian)

Gentiana alba
(Gentiana flavida)
Plain Gentian leaf
Plain Gentian
(Yellowish Gentian)
Leaves opposite, stalkless, yellow-green; several form a whorl below flowers
Virginia Stickseed
Virginia Stickseed
(Beggar's Lice)

Hackelia virginiana
Virginia Tickseed
Virginia Stickseed
Erect biennial. Stem stout not slender. Flowers tiny on paired spreading branches.
Virginia Stickseed leaf
Virginia Stickseed
Larger ovate lower leaves, uppers narrow, stalkless. Plant 1-4' high.
Round-headed Bushclover
Round-headed Bushclover
(Round-headed Lespedeza)

Lespedeza capitata
Round-headed Bushclover leaf
Round-headed Bushclover
Leaf-3 parted, pointing upward, dense appressed hairs, bristle leaflet tips.
Round headed bushclover plant
Round-headed Bushclover
Erect to leaning, 2-4' high, unbranched. Flowers in dense rounded clusters.
American Water Horehound flw
American Water Horehound
Lycopus americanus
American waterhorehound plant
American Water Horehound. Leaves opposite, irregular teeth. To 40" high. Flowers 4-lobed.
Northern Bugleweed
Northern Bugleweed
Lycopus uniflorus
Northern Bugleweed Plant top
Northern Bugleweed
Tlowers tiny, 4-lobed but may look like 5 lobes, in tight clusters in leaf axils. To 40"
Northern Bugleweed leaf
Northern Bugleweed
Leaves elliptic, opposite, coarse teeth but less coarse than L. americanus.
Grass of Parnassus
Grass of Parnassus
Parnassia glauca
grass of parnassus leaves
Grass of Parnassus
Leaves all basal. Petals with green veins, sepals small and hidden
Dotted Smartweed
Dotted Smartweed
Polygonum punctatum
Dotted Smartweed flower
Dotted Smartweed
Flowers in interrupted facicles. Leaves 8x long as wide.
Arrow-leaved Tearthumb
Arrow-leaved Tearthumb
Persicaria sagittata
Arrowleaf Tearthumb
Arrow-leaved Tearthumb
Leaves arrow-shape, midrib, underside and stem with retrorse prickles.
Black Nightshade
Black Nightshade
Solanum nigrum
black nightshade leaf
Black Nightshade
Leaves ovate to diamond shape, dull, a few teeth that resemble lobes
Black Nightshade fruit
Black Nightshade
Berry 1/4". black at maturity, sepals prominent. Plant - 6-24" high.
Heart-leaved aster
Aster - Heart-leaved
(Flowers are white or lt. blue)

Symphyotrichum cordifolium
Blue Wood aster leaf
Aster - Heart-leaved
(Common Blue Wood Aster)
Lower leaves- heart shape base, large teeth, upper leaves more oval.
Blue Wood Aster phyllaries
Aster - Heart-leaved
Phyllaries - 4 to 6 series, unequal, linear to oblong, whitish with green diamond stripe
White Heath Aster
Aster, White Heath
(Many-flowered Aster)

Symphyotrichum ericoides
White Heath Aster leaf
Aster, White Heath
Leaves small, narrow .5 to 1.5” long, rough edge
Aster - White Heath
Aster, White Heath
Pyhllaries - 3-4 series, overlapping, unequal size, spade-like tips, hairy.
White Panicle Aster
Aster, White Panicle
Symphyotrichum lanceolatum
White Panicle aster leaf
Aster, White Panicle
Leaf - linear, smooth, stalkless. Dead leaves curled up
White Panicle Aster Phyllaries
Aster, White Panicle
Phyllaries - 2-4 series, linear, outer 1/3 to 1/2 length of inner, dk green center stripes
Side-flowering Aster
Aster, Side-flowering
(Calico Aster)

Symphyotrichum lateriflorum
Side-flowering Aster leaf
Aster, Side-flowering leaf
Leaves oval to rounded, upper mostly stalkless, lower stalked, few sharp teeth
Side-flowering aster phyllaries
Aster, Side-flowering
Phyllaries - 3 - 4 series, unequal in size, diamond shape tips, sometimes purplish
Ontario Aster
Aster, Ontario
Symphyotrichum ontarionis
leaf
Aster, Ontario
Leaf - alternate, thin, smooth to touch, upper stalkless
phyllaries
Aster, Ontario
Phyllaries 4-6 series, unequal, narrow, green mid-rib with diamond tip
Redstem aster white flower
Aster, Purplestem -White type
Symphyotrichum puniceum
Redstem aster leaf
Aster, Purplestem -White type
Stems ribbed, reddish above nodes, very little hair, leaves shiny when young
redstem aster white type phyllaries
Aster, Purplestem -White type
Phyllaries 4-5 series, linear, hard to distinguish from Glossy Leaf Aster
White Arrowleaf Aster
Aster, White Arrowleaf
Symphyotrichum urophyllum
White Arrowleaf Aster leaf
Aster, White Arrowleaf - leaf
Middle leaves arrow shape base, Lower - heart shaped base, often winged stalk
White Arrowleaf aster phyllaries
Aster, White Arrowleaf
Phyllaries - 4 - 6 series, inner tight, outer spreading, tip a grn elongated diamond.


Flowers yellow shades.

Yellow Giant Hyssop
Yellow Giant Hyssop
Agastache nepetoides
(AKA - Cattail Giant Hyssop)
Yellow Giant Hyssop leaf
Yellow Giant Hyssop
Leaves opposite, stalked, thin, coarse teeth, lanceolate.
Yellow Giant Hyssop plant
Yellow Giant Hyssop
Plant to 5' high, stout grooved stem, not hairy. Flowers green to yellow.
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Bur Marigold
(Beggar-ticks)

Bidens cernua
Nodding Bur Marigold leaf
Bur Marigold
Leaf long, lance shape, opposite, clasp grooved stem
Bur Marigold Phyllaries
Bur Marigold
6 to 8 pale yellow phyllaries with 5 yo 8+ narrow green calyculi below.
Swamp Beggartick
Swamp Beggartick
(Purple-stem Beggartick)

Bidens connata
Swamp Beggartick leaf
Swamp Beggartick
Leaf simple, toothed, lance-shape, some with winged stalks; lower leaves may be 3-cleft.
Devils Beggartick
Devil's Beggartick
Bidens frondosa
Devil's Beggartick leaf
Devil's Beggartick
Leaf divided in 3 to 5 lance-shape leaflets, coarsely toothed; upper may be undivided.
Devils Beggartick Phyllaries
Devil's Beggartick
6-12 pale green phyllaries w/5-10 hairy spreading calyculi below. Ray florets obscure.
Partridge Pea
Partridge Pea
Chamaecrista fasciculata
Partridge Pea leaf
Partridge Pea
Plant annual. Leaf with 8-15 pair leaflets tipped
Canadian Horseweed
Canadian Horseweed
Conyza canadensis
Canadian Horseweed top of plant
Canadian Horseweed
Top section of plant, much branching, leaves linear & dense.
Narrowleaf Hawksbeard
Narrowleaf Hawksbeard
Crepis tectorum
Narrowleaf Hawksbeard
Narrowleaf Hawksbeard
Phyllaries - 12-15, whitish pointed tips, bases keeled, hairy. 6-12 calyculi below.
Narrowleaf hawksbeard plant
Narrowleaf Hawksbeard
Plant to 40" high, stem angled, hairy, with milky juice.
Narrowleaf hawksbeard leaf
Narrowleaf Hawksbeard
Basal leaves (shown) narrow with auricles and teeth. Stem leaves stalkless.
Burnweed
Burnweed
(Fireweed)

Erechtites hieraciifolius
Burnweed leaf
Burnweed
Leaves lobed or coarsely toothed, auricle at base. Very leafy stem.
Burnweed plant
Burnweed
top section of plant.
Grass leaved goldenrod
Grass-leaf Goldenrod
Euthamia graminifolia
Grass leaf goldenrod plant
Grass-leaf Goldenrod
Leaves linear, ascending 7-20x long as wide. Flowers in clusters. Stem 1-4' high.
Grass leaf goldenrod phyllaries
Grass-leaf Goldenrod
Phyllaries appressed in several series, yellowish base, green tips.
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Witch Hazel*
Hamamelis virginiana
Witch Hazel Leaf
Witch Hazel*
Leaf - shallow lobes, wavy margins
Witch hazel seed cap
Witch Hazel*
Woody seed capsule w/1 shiny black seeds - mature the following Spring.
Stiff-haired sunflower
Stiff-haired Sunflower
(Hairy Sunflower)

Helianthus hirsutus
Stiff-haired sunflower leaf
Stiff-haired Sunflower
(Hairy Sunflower)

Leaves opposite, rounded bases on very short stalks. Flowers few & on thick stalks
Stiff-haired sunflower phyllaries
Stiff-haired Sunflower
Phyllaries 18-25, loose and spreading, hair on margins or entire surface.
Stiff Sunflower
Stiff Sunflower
Helianthus pauciflorus
Stiff Sunflower Leaf
Stiff Sunflower
Leaves opposite, lanceolate, ascending, widely spaced on stem. Disc florets reddish
phyllaries
Stiff Sunflower
Phyllaries 25-35, pointed, not spreading, margins with fine hair
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Paleleaf Woodland Sunflower
Helianthus strumosus
Paleleaf Woodland Sunflower leaf
Paleleaf Woodland Sunflower
Leaf- rough, thick, 3 main veins, winged stalk, white hair under.
phyllaries
Paleleaf Woodland Sunflower
Phyllaries - 18-25, pointed, slightly spreading, hair on margins
Jerusalem artichoke
Jerusalem Artichoke
Helianthus tuberosus
Jerusalem artichoke leaf
Jerusalem Artichoke
Stout plant. Leaves - upper 2/3 rds alternate, rough on top with long winged stalks
phyllaries
Jerusalem Artichoke
Phyllaries dark green to blackish, spreading tips, hairy
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Smooth Oxeye
Heliopsis helianthoides var. scraba
Smooth Oxeye leaf
Smooth Oxeye
Stalked flowers from axils of stalked toothed leaves with rough surface hair.
Smooth Oxeye Phyllaries
Phyllaries - 2 series, outer longer, inner broader, usually with fine hair.
Rough Hawkweed
Rough Hawkweed
(Narrowleaf Hawkweed)

Hieracium umbellatum
Rough Hawkweed stem
Rough Hawkweed
Flowers- long stalked heads in loose branched clusters. Leaves sparse with a few sharp teeth.
Rough hawkweed phyllarites
Rough Hawkweed
Phyllaries 12-21+, linear, pointed tips. Thin calyculi below. Stems to 5' tall
Common St. Johnswort
Common St. Johnswort
Hypericum perforatum
Common St. Johnswort plant
Common St. Johnswort
Shrubby branching stems, narrow leaves with dots, flower with 3 styles.
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Spotted Touch-me-not
(Spotted Jewelweed)

Impatiens capensis
Jewelweed leaf
Touch-me-nots
Both 2-5' high, leaves thin, coarse teeth.
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Pale Touch-me-not
(Pale Jewelweed)

Impatiens pallida
Wild Lettuce
Wild Lettuce
Lactuca canadensis
wild lettuce leaf
Wild Lettuce leaves
Leaves vary from entire, toothed, to pinnately divided, but edges NOT spiny
Wild Lettuce - leaf
Upper leaves entire, clasping auricles but edges NOT spiny
Butter and Eggs
Butter and Eggs
Linaria vulgaris
Butter and Eggs leaf
Butter and Eggs
Leaves alternate, linear, short. Flowers on compact spike
Evening Primrose
Common Evening Primrose
Oenothera biennis
Common Evening Primrose leaf
Common Evening Primrose
Leaves lance-like, slight teeth, edges turn more wavy & darker green with age
Slender Woodsorrel
Slender Woodsorrel
Oxalis dillenii.
Seed pod stalk horizontal, 1-2 flowers per cluster. (Photo Merle R. Black)
Common yellow oxalis
Common Yellow Oxalis
Oxalis stricta
Common oxalis pod
Common Yellow Oxalis
Seed pod stalk ascending, pod erect. 3-4 flowers per cluster.
Clammy Ground Cherry
Clammy Ground Cherry
Physalis heterophylla
clammy Ground Cherry leaf
Clammy Ground Cherry
Leaf ovate, wavy marginal teeth or entire, densely hairy.
Clammy Groundcherry pod
Clammy Ground Cherry
Seeds in inflated hairy husk, closed at tip, brown at maturity.
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Gray-headed Coneflower
Ratibida pinnata
Gray-headed coneflower leaf
Gray-headed Coneflower
larger lower leaves are pinnately divided into 3 to 7 narrow leaflets
Black-eyed Susan
Black-eyed Susan
Rudbeckia hirta
Black-eyed Susan leaf
Black-eyed Susan
Stem Leaf - linear to spatula shape, rough white bristly hair, stalkless at top of stem
Black-eyed Susan Phyllaries
Black-eyed Susan
Phyllaries - 2 series, linear, quite long, very hairy, outer ones reflex.
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Green-headed Coneflower
Rudbeckia laciniata
Green-headed coneflower leaf
Green-headed Coneflower
lower leaves are pinnately divided into wide lobed leaflets
Thin-leaved Coneflower
Thin-leaved Coneflower
(Brown-eyed Susan)

Rudbeckia triloba
Thin-leaved Coneflower leaf
Thin-leaved Coneflower
Leaves thin and rough, upper with few teeth, lower 3-lobed and toothed & long stalks.
Thin leaved coneflower phyllareies
Thin-leaved Coneflower
Phyllaries in 2 series, hairy, long-pointed, spreading. Stems to 5+' tall'
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Compass Plant
Silphium laciniatum
Compass Plant basal leaf
Compass Plant
Basal leaf - very large and deeply cleft, upper smaller, some not cleft.
Compass PLant phyllaries
Compass Plant
Phyllaries in 2-3 series, inner appressed, outer reflexed, hairy.
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Prairie Dock
(Prairie Rosinweed)

Silphium terebinthinaceum
Prairie Dock Leaf
Prairie Dock - leaf
Large arrow-shape basal leaves only. Very tall stems
Prairie dock phyllaries
Prairie Dock
Phyllaries in 2-3 series, broad, smooth, not spreading.
Canada Goldenrod
Late Goldenrod
(Tall Goldenrod)

Solidago altissima
leaves
Late Goldenrod
Stem hairy. Leaves with sharp teeth on lower, upper smaller, stalkless.
Late goldenrod phyllaries
Late Goldenrod
hyllaries, thin, yellowish green, 3 series, unequal, outer w/pointed tips.
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Zigzag Goldenrod
Solidago flexicaulis
leaves
Zigzag Goldenrod
Lower leaves egg shaped, winged stalk, toothed; upper more linear.
phyllaries
Zigzag Goldenrod
Phyllaries green, narrow, 3 series, inner much longer. Stem zig-zags.
Giant Goldenrod
Giant Goldenrod
Solidago gigantea
leaves
Giant Goldenrod
Stem smooth. Leaves stalkless, lower with sharp teeth, upper smaller.
phyllaries
Giant Goldenrod
Phyllaries thin, 3-4 series, yellowish-green, outer lanceolate w/pointed tips.
Gray Goldenrod
Gray Goldenrod
(Old Field Goldenrod)

Solidago nemoralis
stem
Gray Goldenrod
Panicle narrow, arching. Stem gray-green to reddish, grayish-white hair.
phyllaries
Gray Goldenrod
Phyllaries pale yellow, 3 series, unequal, ovate to lanceolate.
Riddell's Goldenrod
Riddell's Goldenrod
Solidago riddellii
leaves
Riddell's Goldenrod
Leaves narrow, V-shaped, lower 10x long as wide, dense near base.
Phyllaries
Riddell's Goldenrod
Phyllaries 3-4 series, unequal, broad, tips rounded, yellowish-green.
Stiff goldenrod
Stiff Goldenrod
Solidago rigida (Oligoneuron rigidum var. rigidum)
Stiff goldenrod leaf
Stiff Goldenrod
Leaves grayish green, stiff, hairy, lower long stalked, upper stalkless.
phyllaries
Stiff Goldenrod
Phyllaries in 3-4 series, oblong, unequal, appressed, green midrib..
Showy Goldenrod
Showy Goldenrod
Solidago speciosa
Showy Goldenrod leaf
Showy Goldenrod
Lower leaves elliptic, winged stalk. Upper shorter, leaf fascicles at base.
Showy Goldenrod stem
Showy Goldenrod
Flower head dense, showy. Stem usually reddish, smooth.
Elm-leaved Goldenrod
Elm-leaved Goldenrod
Solidago ulmifolia
elm-leaved goldenrod leaf
Elm-leaved Goldenrod
leaf- elliptical, coarse teeth, upper stalkless, upper surface rough.
phyllaries
Elm-leaved Goldenrod
Phyllaries 3-4 series, unequal, appressed, short, translucent margins
Dandelion
Common Dandelion
Taraxacum officinale
Dandelion basal leaves
Common Dandelion
Leaves all basal, long, pinnately divided, terminal lobe larger, stalk with wings.

Flowers yellow-green, gray-green and green.

Purple Giant Hyssop
Purple Giant Hyssop
Agastache scrophulariifolia
Purple giant hyssop leaf
Purple Giant Hyssop
Leaf- stalked, rounded base, coarse teeth, opposite, underside with dense fine hair.
purple giant hyssop flower
Purple Giant Hyssop
Flower corolla whitish-purplish, calyx greenish. Verticillasters. Plant to 5'+
common ragweed
Common Ragweed
Ambrosia artemisiifolia
ragweed plant
Common Ragweed
Plant monoecious. Male flowers on spike, leaves opposite, pinnatifid.
Canadian Clearweed
Canadian Clearweed
Pilea pumila
Clearweed leaf
Canadian Clearweed
Only non-stinging nettle. Leaf opposite, long-stalk, coarse teeth, 3 main veins fm base.
Stinging Nettle
Stinging Nettle
(California Nettle)

Urtica dioica
Stinging nettle leaf
Stinging Nettle
Leaves opposite, stalked, lance-shape, toothed, underside with stinging hairs.


Flowers blue, bluish-pink and bluish-purple

European Bellflower
European Bellflower
(Rampion Bellflower)

Campanula rapunculoides
European Bellflower leaf
European Bellflower
Lower leaves stalked, heart-shape base, upper stalkless.
Hog peanut flowr
Hog Peanut
Amphicarpaea bracteata
Some flowers have lavender tint
Hog peanut leaf
Hog Peanut
Leaf 3-parted on long stalk. Flower cluster rises from leaf axil.
Hog peanut pods
Hog Peanut
Pods flat, pointed on end, usually 3 seed. Bean-like edible seed in shallow ground
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Chicory - blue flower type
Cichorium intybus
Basal leaf
Chicory - Blue flower type
Basal leaf long with sharp dentations, stalked.
Chicory Stem leaf
Chicory
Stem leaf short, stalkless with clasping auricle; may have fine teeth.
Willowherb
Willowherb
Epilobium coloratum
Willowherb leaf
Willowherb
Leaf oblong, toothed edges, sometimes purplish in Autumn
Willowherb seed pods
Willowherb
View after seed pods open in Autumn. Stems branched.
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Bigleaf Aster
(Large-leaved Aster)

Eurybia macrophylla
Large-leaved aster leaf
Bigleaf Aster
(Large-leaved Aster)
Basal leaves large, broadly oval, long stalked, heart shape bases
Big leaf aster phyllariies
Bigleaf Aster
(Large-leaved Aster)
Phyllaries 5-6 series, 32 to 35, overlapping, oft purple tinged, short glandular hair.
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Bottle Gentian
(Closed Gentian)

Gentiana clausa and
Gentiana andrewsii
Bottle gentian leaf
Bottle Gentian
Leaves 2x long as wide, opposite but form whorl under flowers.
Downy Gentian
Downy Gentian
Gentiana puberulenta
Downey Gentian leaf
Downy Gentian
Plant 8-20" high. Leaf opposite, narrow, slightly hairy. (Photo Derek Anderson)
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Great Blue Lobelia
(Blue Cardinal Flower)

Lobelia siphilitica
Great Blue Lobelia plant
Great Blue Lobelia
Plant 1-4 feet high, stout, usually hairy in inflorescence. Flower- 2 lip lobes top, 3 on bottom.
Great Blue Lobelia leaf
Great Blue Lobelia
Leaves oblong to oval, upper smaller and stalkless. No hair.
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True Forget-me-not
Myosotis scorpioides
forget-me-not leaf
True Forget-me-not
Stems thin, leaf stalkless, one center vein, hair on margins.
Mad dog skullcap
Mad Dog Skullcap
Scutellaria lateriflora
(Blue Skullcap) Petals barely curved. (Photo Chris Noll)
Mad dog skullcap plant
Mad Dog Skullcap
Flowers in racemes from leaf axils, leaves stalked, stem 12-28" high. (Photo Chris Noll)
Heart leaved aster
Aster, Heart-leaved
(Common Blue Wood Aster)

Symphyotrichum cordifolium
Blue Wood aster leaf
Aster, Heart-leaved
(Flowers can be white)
Lower leaves- heart shape base, large teeth, upper leaves more oval.
Blue Wood Aster phyllaries
Aster - Heart-leaved
Phyllaries - 4 to 6 series, unequal, linear to oblong, whitish with green diamond stripe
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Aster, Smooth Blue
Symphyotrichum laeve var. laeve
Smooth aster leaf
Aster, Smooth Blue
Leaves narrow, 5x longer than wide, stalkless or clasping
Smooth blue aster phyllaries
Aster, Smooth Blue
Phyllaries 4 to 6 series, appressed, unequal size, long dk grn tips, lance/diamond shape.
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Aster, Sky Blue
(Azure Aster)

Symphyotrichum oolentangiense var. oolentangiense
Sky blue aster leaf
Aster, Sky Blue
Leaves stiff, thick, lower stalked with wings, upper stalkless
Sky blue aster phyllaries
Aster, Sky Blue
Phyllaries 4-6 series, outer slightly spreading, whitish, dark green diamond tip.
Red Stemmed Aster
Aster, Purplestem
(Red-stemmed Aster)

Symphyotrichum puniceum
Red stem aster stem
Aster, Purplestem
(Red-stemmed Aster)
Stem stout, hairy, reddish purple, leaves clasp stem
Redstem Aster phyllaries
Aster, Purplestem
(Red-stemmed Aster)
Phyllaries- 4 to 6 series, whitish with long spreading green tips, with/without hair.
Short's Aster
Aster - Short's
Symphyotrichum shortii
Short's Aster leaf
Aster - Short's
Leaves lance-like, lowest the largest, base heart-shaped, usually without teeth.
Short's Aster phyllareis
Aster - Short's
Phyllaries- 4-5 series, appressed, unequal in size, whitish with short dk green pointed tip.
Swamp Vervain
Swamp Vervain
(Blue Vervain)

Verbena hastata
Blue Vervain leaf
Blue Vervain
Leaf lance-like, coarse teeth, underside with whitish hair, lower leaves have a pair of basal lobes.


Flowers Rosy, pinkish, pink-purple and deep-purple.

Nodding Wild Onion
Nodding Wild Onion
Allium cernuum
(Buds and open flowers nodding)
Wild Onion leaves
Both Wild Onions
Leaves all basal, forming vase shape. Flower stem rises from bulb. White flowers also.
Wild Onion
Wild Onion
Allium stellatum
(Buds nod, open flowers held erect)
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Groundnut
(Wild Bean)

Apios americana
Groundnut leaf
Groundnut
Leaves have 5+ stalked leaflets, terminal largest. Vine to 7'
Lesser Burdock
Lesser Burdock
Arctium minus
Lesser Burdock leaf
Lesser Burdock
Leaf-egg shape, large, lower with heart-shape base, edge wavy. Flowers in tight cluster.
spotted knapweed flower
Spotted Knapweed
Centaurea stoebe
Photos Merle R. Black, Wisconsin Flora
Spotted Knapweed
Spotted Knapweed
Leaves deeply lobed, phyllaries with black tips.
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Red Turtlehead
Chelone obliqua
Red turtlehead leaf
Red Turtlehead
Leaves opposite, stalked, dark green, smooth, toothed.
Grecian Foxglove
Grecian Foxglove
Digitalis lanata
Grecian Foxglove
Grecian Foxglove
Leaves linear with hair near purplish stem.
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Purple Coneflower
(Eastern Purple Coneflower)

Echinacea purpurea
Purple Coneflower leaf
Eastern Purple Coneflower
Basal leaves 5x long as wide, long-stalked. Stem leaves short.
Purple Coneflower Phyllaries
Eastern Purple Coneflower
Phyllareies narrow, pointed, hairy and recurve from the head when in flower.
Wild poinsettia
Wild Poinsettia
Euphorbia cyathophora
Wild Poinsettia leaf
Wild Poinsettia
Leaves stalked, variable - linear to oblong lobed. Color is in the bracts.
Spotted Joe-Pye Weed flower
Spotted Joe-Pye Weed
Eutrochium maculatum
(Eupatorium purpureum)
Spotted Joe-Pye Weed
Spotted Joe-Pye Weed
Leaves usually in whorls of 4 to 5, lanceolate in shape, underside densely hairy.
Spotted Joepye weed stem
Spotted Joe-Pye Weed
Stem is purple or purple spotted
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Sweet Scented Joe-Pye Weed
Eutrochium purpureum
(Eupatorium purpureum)
Sweet scented joepye weed stem
Sweet Scented Joe-Pye Weed
Greenish stem, purple only at stem nodes - mesic sites.
Sweet Joe-Pye Weed leaf
Leaves in whorl of 3 or 4, coarsely toothed, similar to E. maculatum but fewer in whorl.
Live Forever
Live Forever
(Witch's Moneybags)

Hylotelephium telephium
Live forever leaf
Live Forever
Leaves flat, thick, succulent with coarse teeth, lower stalked.
Blaxing star leaves
Blazing Stars
Plants shown here all have similar leaves. Longer and wider closer to stem base
Rough Blazing Star
Rough Blazing Star
(Rough Gayfeather)

Liatris aspera
Rough Blazing Star phyllaries
Rough Blazing Star
Phyllaries - 4-5 series - outer green & reflexed, - middle rounded tip, uneven edges.
Ontario Blazing Star plant
Ontario Blazing Star
(Cylindrical Blazing Star

Liatris cylindracea
Ontario Blazing Star phyllaries
Ontario Blazing Star
Phyllaries - 5-7 series, outer ovate to inner oblong; varying green to deep purplish
Large-headed Blazing Star
Large-headed Blazing Star
(Rocky Mt. Blazing Star)

Liatris ligulistylis
Large headed Blazing Star phyllaries
Large-headed Blazing Star
Phyllaries- 4-5 series, unequal, oblong to spatulate, truncate to rounded tips, long stalk
Shaggy Blazing stgar
Shaggy Blazing Star
Liatris pilosa
Shaggy Blazing star phyllaries
Shaggy Blazing Star
Phyllaries- 4-5 series, oblong, unequal, irregular shape, margins translucent, tips rounded to pointed.
Prairie Blazing Star
Prairie Blazing Star
Liatris pycnostachya
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Northern Blazing Star
(New England Blazing Star)

Liatris scariosa . var. novae-angliae
Northern Blazing Star phyllaries
Northern Blazing Star
Phyllaries - 4-5 series, unequal, oblong to ovate, tips rounded & spreading, not recurved, green to purple.
Dense Blazing Star
Dense Blazing Star
(Spiked Blazing Star)

Liatris spicata
Dense Blazing Star Phyllaries
Dense Blazing Star
Phyllaries - 4-5 series, unequal, ovate to oblong, tips rounded, appressed, green or purple varying with variety.
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Wild Bergamot
Monarda fistulosa
Wild Bergamot leaf
Wild Bergamot
Leaves opposite, stalked, grayish, triangular base, fewer teeth on upper leaves.
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White Rattlesnake Root
Prenanthes alba
Rattlesnake Root
White Rattlesnake Root
Stem leaf - variable, upper with coarse teen & few lobes, lower deeply 3 to 5 lobed.
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Climbing Nightshade
(Bittersweet Nightshade)

Solanum dulcamara
Climbing Nightshade leaf
Climbing Nightshade
Leaf - 1 large terminal lobe and 2 to 4 smaller lobes. Stalk forms a small wing.
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Aster, New England - purple flower
Symphyotrichum novae-angliae
New England aster
Aster, New England - rose flower
Symphyotrichum novae-angliae
New England aster leaf
Aster, New England
Leaves oblong, no teeth, clasp stem strongly
New England Aster phyllaries
Aster, New England
Phyllaries - 3 to 5 series, linear, glandular hair, dark green to purple tinged.
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Aster, Western Silver
(Silky Aster)

Symphyotrichum sericeum
Silky aster leaf
Aster, Western Silver
(Silky Aster)
Leaves pale green, silky, silver tint, smooth edges
Western Silky Aster phyllaries
Aster - Western Silver
Phyllaries - 3-5 series, overlapping, ovate, pale-grn center line, spade-like grn spreading tips
Hoary Vervain
Hoary Vervain
Verbena stricta
Hoary Vervain leag
Hoary Vervain
Leaf - sharp coarse teeth, short stalk, underside with fine whitish hair.
Ironweed flower
Ironweed
(Prairie Ironweed)

Vernonia fasciculata
Ironweed plant top
Ironweed
Tall stout plant, leaves lance-like with sharp toothed edge, stalkless.
Ironweed phyllaries
Ironweed
Phyllaries - 4-5 series of 25 to 35+, green, like fish scales, inner tips purplish.


flowers - Reddish, orange and brown.

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Butterfly Weed
(Butterfly Milkweed)

Asclepias tuberosa
Butterfly weed leaf
Butterfly Weed
Leaf lance-shaped, alternate, no stalk; other milkweeds are alternate.
Butterfly weed seed pod
Butterfly Weed
Long slim seed pods held upright on a downward curving stalk.
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Cardinal Flower
Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal Flower leaf
Cardinal Flower
Leaf toothed, alternate, upper stalkless
Curly Dock
Curly Dock
Rumex crispus
Narrow-leaf Cattail
Narrow-leaved Cattail
Typha angustifolia
Common Cattail
Common Cattail
Typha latifolia

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graphic Garden Plant Photo Identification Booklet