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Early Summer Flowers of Eloise Butler Wildflower Garden

Presented by The Friends of the Wild Flower Garden


Prairie Sundrops

Thumbnails of some of the early summer flowering plants you may encounter on a visit - June to Mid-July. This page includes both the Upland and Woodland Gardens. Alternate common names for plant are shown in ( ), woody plants designated by "*". Timing of bloom will vary with each year's weather pattern.
Plant names with web links lead to a separate page of plant information and photos on that plant.
Images are arranged by six color categories and then by scientific name within color. Plants listed on our Common and Scientific name list that are not currently found in the Garden are not listed below.
Download printable PDF File in Scientific Name Order within Color. Prints at 11 high by 8.5 inches wide, 20 images per page: Low resolution 2.9mb - - - Hi resolution 23.4mb. Best for printing, 23 pages.


Flowers white and whitish

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Yarrow
Achillea millefolium
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Black Bugbane
Actaea racemosa
Garlic Mustard
Garlic Mustard
Alliaria petiolata
Garlic Mustard leaf
Garlic Mustard
Leaves with heart-shape base, coarse teeth.
Wild Leek
Wild Leek
(Ramp)

Allium tricoccum
Wild Leek leaves
Wild Leek
(Ramp)

Leaves disappear before flowers open
Canada Anemone
Canada Anemone
Anemone canadensis
Canada Anemone leaf
Canada Anemone
Upper stem leaves stalkless, basal look the same, but on long stalks.
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Spreading Dogbane
(Common Dogbane)

Apocynum androsaemifolium
spreading dogbane leaf
Spreading Dogbane
Leaves opposite, stems and stalks reddish in sun. Flowers resemble a bell.
Indian Hemp Flower
Prairie Dogbane
(Indianhemp)

Apocynum cannabinum
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Prairie Dogbane
(Indianhemp)
Flowers at top of tall stem, branching only at top.
American Spikenard
American Spikenard
Aralia racemosa
American Spikenard plant
American Spikenard
Flowers whitish-green. Leaves are twice compound, 2+ feet long and wide.
Great Indian Plantain
Great Indian Plantain
Arnoglossum reniforme
Great Indian Plantain leaf and stem
Great Indian Plantain
Leaves palmate, large lobes, stem angled & purplish.
Poke Milkweed
Poke Milkweed
Asclepias exaltata
Whorled Milkweed
Whorled Milkweed
Asclepias verticillata
White False Indigo
White False Indigo
(Wild White Indigo)

Baptisia alba var. macrophylla
Hoary Alyssum
Hoary Alyssum
Berteroa incana
Hoary Alyssum Leaf
Hoary Alyssum
Stem leaves linear with grayish down, no stalk. Flowers in rounded cluster.
Smooth Rockcress
Smooth Rockcress
Boechera laevigata (Arabis laevigata)
Smooth Rockcress
Smooth Rockcress
Stem erect, stem leaves long, narrow, curling. Basal leaves obovate
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New Jersey Tea*
Ceanothus americanus
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Buttonbush*
Cephalanthus occidentalis
Mouse-ear Chickweed
Mouse-ear Chickweed
Cerastium fontanum ssp. vulgare
Mouse-ear chickweed leaf
Mouse-ear Chickweed
Short plant. Leaves opposite, stalkled, fine hair. Flowers - 5 cleft petals
White Chicory
Chicory - white flower type
Cichorium intybus
Basal leaf
Chicory - white flower type
Basal leaf long with sharp dentations, stalked.
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Enchanter's Nightshade
(Broadleaf Enchanter's Nightshade)

Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis
enchanter's Nightshade leaf
Enchanter's Nightshade
Leaves opposite, long stalks, shallow teeth. Flowers - lon
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Virgin's Bower
(Sprawling vine)
Clematis virginiana
Virgin's Bower leaf
Virgin's Bower
Leaves 3-parted, opposite, leaf stalks twining. Flowers perfect or dioecious
Bastard Toadflax
Bastard Toadflax
Comandra umbellata
Bastard Toadflax plant
Bastard Toadflax
Plant short, erect. Flowers in flattened clusters. Leaves alternate, smooth.
Lily of the Valley
Lily of the Valley
Convallaria majalis
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Gray Dogwood*
(Prefers less moist areas)

Cornus racemosa
Red Osier dogwood
Redosier Dogwood*
(Stems red Fall to Spring.)
Cornus sericea
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White Prairie Clover
Dalea candida
Wild Yam Root
Wild Yamroot
Dioscorea villosa
Wild Yamroot
Wild Yamroot
Twining stems, tiny dioecious flowers. Upper stem leaves long-stalked
Daisy Fleabane
Annual Fleabane
(Eastern Daisy Fleabane)

Erigeron annuus
Daisy Fleabane leaf
Annual Fleabane
(Eastern Daisy Fleabane)
Leaf toothed, not clasping, stem hair standing out
Annual Fleabane Phyllaries
Annual Fleabane
Phyllaries in 2 to 3 series, sparsely hairy, sometimes glandular.
Philadelphia Fleabane
Philadelphia Fleabane
(Common Fleabane)
Erigeron philadelphicus
Common Fleabane leaf
Philadelphia Fleabane
(Common Fleabane)
Upper leaves clasping stem, stem hairy.
Philadelphia Fleabane phyllaries
Philadelphia Fleabane
Phyllaries - 2 to 3 series, with or without fine hair, sometimes glandular
Lesser Daisy Fleabane
Lesser Daisy Fleabane
Erigeron strigosus
Lesser Daisy Fleabane leaf
Lesser Daisy Fleabane
(Prairie Fleabane)
leaf- few teeth, not clasping, stem hair close to stem.
Lesser Daisy Fleabane Phyllaries
Lesser Daisy Fleabane
(Prairie Fleabane)
Phyllaries in 2 to 4 series with or without fine hair.
Fringed black bindweed
Fringed Black Bindweed
Fallopia cilinodis
(Polygonum cilinode)
fringed black bindweed leaf
Fringed Black Bindweed
Leaf well spaced, heart-shape base, underside fine hair, long slender stalk.
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Queen of the Meadow
Filipendula ulmaria
Queen of the Meadow leaf
Queen of the Meadow
Leaf - 2-4 pair of lateral leaflets, terminal leaflet has 3-7 lobes.
Virginia Strawberry
Virginia Strawberry
Fragaria virginiana
Virginia Strawberry leaf
Strawberry - Virginia: Flower stalk shorter than leaves. Leaflets stalked. Tip tooth shorter
Virginia Strawberry fruit
Strawberry - Virginia: Seeds embedded in pits.
Woodland Strawberry
Woodland Strawberry
Fragaria vesca
Woodland Strawberry leaf
Strawberry - Woodland: Flower stalk above leaves. Leaflets often stalkless. Tip tooth broad.
Woodland Strawberry fruit
Strawberry - Woodland: Seeds raised on surface.
Galax
Galax
(Beetleweed)
Galax urceolata
Cleavers
Cleavers
(Stickywilly)
Galium aparine
Cleavers Leaf
Cleavers
(Stickywilly)
Weak stems, few branches, fine clinging hooks, flowers in leaf axils. Leaves whorl 6
Rough Bedstraw
Bedstraw - Rough
Galium asprellum
Rough Bedstraw
Bedstraw - Rough
stems -Many branches, stems prickly on the 4 angles, leaves whorl of 6 -rough. Flower cluster much branched.
Shining Bedstraw
Bedstraw - Shining
Galium concinnum. Photo ©Christopher Noll, Wisconsin Flora
Shining Bedstraw
Bedstraw - Shining
Leaves whorls of 6, rough edged, sharply pointed, many branches, sprawling. Photo ©Merel R. Black, Wisconsin Flora
Threepetal Bedstraw
Bedstraw - Threepetal
Galium trifidum.
Photo ©Robert Bierman, Wisconsin Flora
Fragrant Bedstraw
Bedstraw - Fragrant
Galium triflorum
Fragrant Bedstraw Leaf
Bedstraw - Fragrant
Leaves whorls of 6, vanilla odor, 3-flower clusters. Stem nodes smooth.
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White Avens
Geum canadense
White Avens lower leaf
White Avens
Lower leaves with 3 to 5 toothed leaflets. Upper smaller, 3 leaflets or just 3 lobes.
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Cow Parsnip
Heracleum maximum
Cow Parsnip Leaf
Cow Parsnip Leaf
3-parted toothed leaflets, forming a sheath at the base
Dame's Rocket White flower
Dame's Rocket-white
(Sweet Rocket)

Hesperis matronalis
Dame's Rocket Leaf
Dame's Rocket-white
(Sweet Rocket)

Leaves alternate, lance-shape, toothed. Flowers in loose terminal cluster.
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Winterberry*
(Black Alder)

Ilex verticillata
Cream Pea
Cream Pea
Lathyrus ochroleucus
Cream Pea leaf
Cream Pea
Leaf- 3 to 5+pairs leaflets, tendril at tip, green before flowering.
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Oxeye Daisy
Leucanthemum vulgare
Water Horehound
Water Horehound
Lycopus americanus. Photo ©Kitty Kohout, Wisconsin Flora
Northern Bugleweed
Northern Bugleweed
Lycopus uniflorus
Northern Bugleweed Plant top
Northern Bugleweed
Top section of plant
White Sweet Clover
White Sweet Clover
Melilotus alba
White Sweet Clover plant
White Sweet Clover
Plants can be 1 to feet tall, much branched.
Common Moonseed
Canada Moonseed
(Common Moonseed)

Menispermum canadense
Moonseed leaf
Canada Moonseed
Leaf large, broad, ovate, shallowly lobed. Flowers small, bell-shaped.
Wild Mint
Wild Mint
Mentha arvensis
Partridge Berry
Partridge Berry
Mitchella repens
Partridge berry leaf
Partridge Berry
(Low growing plant. White flowers are seldom seen in the Garden)
Twoleaf Miterwort
Twoleaf Mitrewort
(Bishop's Cap)

Mitella diphylla
Twoleaf Miterwort
Twoleaf Mitrewort
(Bishop's Cap)

Single pair of almost stalkless 3 to 5 lobed leaves at mid stem
Blunt-leaved Sandwort
Blunt-leaved Sandwort
Moehringia lateriflora
Blunt-leaved Sandwort leat
Blunt-leaved Sandwort
Leaf - oblong, blunt tip, no stalk, less than 1” long, fine hair.
Glade Mallow
Glade Mallow
Napaea dioica
Glade Mallow leaf
Glade Mallow
Lower leaves have deeply cut lobes.
Bland Sweet Cicely
Bland Sweet Cicely
Clayton's Sweet-root

Osmorhiza claytonii
Bland Sweet Cicely Leaf
Bland Sweet Cicely
Leaf 2x pinnately divided, surfaces hairy, stem hairy, hairy bracts below flowers.
Anise Root
Aniseroot
(Smooth Sweet Cicely)

Osmorhiza longistylis
Anise Root Leaf
Aniseroot
Leaf 2x pinnately divided, underside veins have whitish hair.
Grass of Parnassus
Grass of Parnassus
Parnassia glauca
grass of parnassus leaves
Grass of Parnassus
Leaves all basal. Petals with green veins, sepals small and hidden
Wild Quinine flowers
Wild Quinine
(American Feverfew)

Parthenium integrifolium
Wild Quinine plant
Wild Quinine
Tall plant, leaves lance-shape, flowers in flat-topped clusters.
Foxglove Beardtongue
Foxglove Beardtongue
(Talus Slope Penstemon)

Penstemon digitalis
Dotted Smartweed
Dotted Smartweed
Polygonum punctatum
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Ninebark*
(Common Ninebark)

Physocarpus opulifolius
Ninebark leaf
Ninebark*
Leaf - resembles Maple leaf, lower ones have 3-5 lobes, upper more rounded.
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Virginia Mountain Mint
Pycnanthemum virginianum
Virginia Mountain Mint plant
Virginia Mountain Mint
Plant is 1 - 3 feet tall, small opposite lance shape leaves, sweetly aromatic
Blackberry
Allegheny Blackberry*
Rubus allegheniensis
Allegheny Blackberry leaf
Allegheny Blackberry*
Lower leaves - 5 long-stalked leaflets. Glandular hair on leaf & flower stalks.
Dewberry
Dewberry*
(Northern Dewberry)

Rubus flagellaris
Dewberry leaf
Dewberry*
Short upland plant, usually prostrate, small stem prickles, leaf-3-parted.
Wild Red Raspberry
Wild Red Raspberry*
Rubus idaeus
Wild red raspberry leaf
Wild Red Raspberry*
Leaf on new canes 5 - 7 lobed, on old canes 3 - 5 lobes. New stems with fine glandular prickles
Black Raspberry
Black Raspberry*
Rubus occidentalis
Black Raspberry leaf
Black Raspberry*
Leaf - 3-part on flowering stems, 5-part on new canes. No glandular hair anywhere
Thimbleberry
Thimbleberry
(Flowering Raspberry)
Rubus parviflorus
Thimbleberry
Thimbleberry - leaf
(Flowering Raspberry)
No prickles, leaves large and maple-like
Dwarf Red Raspberry
Dwarf Red Raspberry
Rubus pubescens
Dwarf Red Raspberry leaf
Dwarf Red Raspberry leaf
Rubus pubescens
Swamp Blackberry
Swamp Blackberry
Rubus semisetosus. Photo ©Merel R. Black, Wisconsin Flora
Canada Elderberry
Canada Elderberry*
(American Black Elderberry)

Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis
Canada Elderberry leaf
Canada Elderberry*
(American Black Elderberry)
Leaf - 5 to 9 leaflets.
Soapwort
Bouncing Bet -white flower
(Soapwort)

Saponaria officinalis
Soapwort leaf
Bouncing Bet
Leaf - opposite, elongated ovals, smooth, wavy, 3-5 prominent veins.
Black Nightshade
Black Nightshade
Solanum nigrum
black nightshade leaf
Black Nightshade
Leaves ovate to diamond shape, dull, a few teeth that resemble lobes
Meadowsweet
Meadowsweet*
(Long-leaved Meadowsweet)

Spiraea alba
Meadowsweet plant
Meadowsweet*
(Long-leaved Meadowsweet)
Top section of shrub, leaves lanceolate, toothed.
Long-leaved Chickweed
Long-leaved Chickweed
(Water chickweed)

Stellaria longifolia
long leaf chickweed leaves
Long-leaved Chickweed
(Water chickweed)
Plant section and leaves.
Wolfberry
Wolfberry
Symphoricarpos occidentalis Hook.
Wolfberry leaf
Wolfberry
Leaf - smooth, wavy edge, short green stalk, underside blue-green.
Foam Flower
Foamflower
(Heartleaf Foamflower)

Tiarella cordifolia
Foamflower Plant
Foamflower
Leaves all basal, heart-shape base, 5 to 7 lobes, stalks have glandular hair.
White Clover
White Clover
Trifolium repens L.
White Clover leaf
White Clover
Leaves 3-parted on long stalks. Light colored chevron may not be always visible.
Garden Valerian
Valerian, Garden
Valeriana officinalis
Garden Valerian leaf
Valerian, Garden
Leaf- opposite, 7 to 25 leaflets, aromatic
White vervain
White Vervain
Verbena urticifolia
White Vervain leaf
White Vervain
Flowers tiny on spreading branches. Leaf lance-like, toothed, fine vein pattern
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Culver's Root
Veronicastrum virginicum
Culver's root leaf
Culver's Root
Leaves in a whorl of 3 to 7, widely spaced, usually hairless.
Southern Arrowwood flower
Southern Arrowwood*
Viburnum dentatum
Southern Arrowwood leaf
Southern Arrowwood*
Leaves opposite, sharp coarse teeth, stalked, tips pointed to rounded.


Flowers Yellow to yellowish.

Swamp Beggartick
Swamp Beggartick
(Purple-stem Beggartick)

Bidens connata
Swamp Beggartick leaf
Swamp Beggartick
Leaf simple, toothed, lance-shape, some with winged stalks; lower leaves may be 3-cleft.
Devils Beggartick
Devil's Beggartick
Bidens frondosa
Devil's Beggartick leaf
Devil's Beggartick
Leaf divided in 3 to 5 lance-shape leaflets, coarsely toothed; upper may be undivided.
Stiff Coreopsis
Stiff Tickseed
(Stiff Coreopsis)

Coreopsis palmata
Stiff Coreopsis leaf
Stiff Tickseed
Stem stiff; leaf- opposite, stalkless, 3 elongated lobes that divide above the base.
Narrowleaf Hawksbeard
Narrowleaf Hawksbeard
Crepis tectorum
Narrowleaf Hawksbeard
Narrowleaf Hawksbeard
Phyllaries - 12-15, whitish pointed tips, bases keeled, hairy.
Narrowleaf Hawksbeard stem
Narrowleaf Hawksbeard
Stems angled, leaves narrow with auricles & teeth. Basal long, narrow, with crenations.
Bush Honeysuckle
Northern Bush Honeysuckle*
Diervilla lonicera
Bush Honeysuckle leaf
Northern Bush Honeysuckle*
Leaves opposite, flowers in small panicle at stem tip. Some flowers pink.
Yellow Avens
Yellow Avens
Geum aleppicum
Yellow Avens leaf
Yellow Avens
Lower leaf with 2 - 6 pairs leaflets all sparsely hairy, upper leaf smaller, fewer leaflets.
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Smooth Oxeye
Heliopsis helianthoides var. scraba
Smooth Oxeye leaf
Smooth Oxeye
Stalked flowers from axils of stalked toothed leaves with rough surface hair.
Smooth Oxeye Phyllaries
Phyllaries - 2 series, outer longer, inner broader, usually with fine hair.
Yellow Day Lily
Yellow Day Lily
Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus
Common St. Johnswort
Common St. Johnswort
Hypericum perforatum
Common St. Johnswort plant
Common St. Johnswort
Shrubby branching stems, narrow leaves with dots, flower with 3 styles.
Great St. Johnswort
Great St. Johnswort
Hypericum pyramidatum
Great St. Johnswort
Great St. Johnswort
Erect, 2-5’ tall, flowers 1.5” to 2.3” wide, long stalked and usually solitary.
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Yellow Flag Iris
(Pale Yellow Iris)

Iris pseudacorus
Wild Lettuce
Wild Lettuce
Lactuca canadensis
Wild Lettuce leaf
Wild Lettuce - leaf
Leaves vary from entire, toothed, to pinnately divided, but edges NOT spiny
Prickly Lettuce
Prickly Lettuce
Lactuca serriola
Prickly Lettuce leaf
Prickly Lettuce
Leaf- prickles on edge and under on midrib, clasping auricles
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Canada Lily
Lilium canadense
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Fringed Loosestrife
Lysimachia ciliata
Fringed Loosestrife leaf
Fringed Loosestrife
Leaves opposite - not in whorl, lanceolate, fine hair on stem leaf node.
Moneywort
Moneywort
(Creeping Jenny)

Lysimachia nummularia
Moneywort leaf
Moneywort
(Creeping Jenny)

Creeping plant. Flowers solitary from leaf axil.
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Whorled Loosestrife
Lysimachia quadrifolia
Whorled Loosestrife leaf
Whorled Loosestrife
Leaves in whorl of 4 or 5
Swamp Candles
Swamp Candles
(Yellow Loosestrife)
Lysimachia terrestis
Swamp Candles Leaf
Swamp Candles
(Yellow Loosestrife)
Leaf - mostly stalkless, smooth, dotted
Tufted Loosestrife
Tufted Loosestrife
A wetland plant
Lysimachia thyrsiflora
Tufted Loosestrife plant
Tufted Loosestrife
Flowers in thyrses, leaves opposite, surfaces dotted. Wetland plant
Black Medic
Black Medic
Medicago lupulina. Photo ©Merel R. Black, Wisconsin Flora
Yellow Sweet clover
Yellow Sweet Clover
Melilotus officinalis
Yellow Sweet Clover leaf
Yellow Sweet Clover
Leaf- 3 parted, middle leaflet on longer stalk. Same leaf as White Sweet Clover
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Prairie Sundrops
(Meadow Evening Primrose)

Oenothera pilosella
Prairie Sundrops leaf
Prairie Sundrops
Leaves opposite, short stalks, hairy both sides and margins.
Common yellow oxalis
Common Yellow Oxalis
Oxalis stricta
Prairie Ragwort
Prairie Ragwort
Packera plattensis
Prairie Ragwort leaf
Prairie Ragwort
Upland plant. Leaves with lobes or crenations.
Clammy Ground Cherry
Clammy Ground Cherry
Physalis heterophylla
Silver Cinquefoil
Silver Cinquefoil
Potentilla argentea. Photo ©Kitty Kohout, Wisconsin Flora
Silver Cinguefoil leaf
Silver Cinquefoil
Flower petals same size as sepals. Leaves under silvery from fine hairs. Photo ©Kitty Kohout, Wisconsin Flora
Rough-fruited Cinquefoil
Rough-fruited Cinquefoil
Potentilla recta
Rough-fruited Cinquefoil
Rough-fruited Cinquefoil
Base leaves of 5-7 leaflets, upper 3 leaflets
Common Cinquefoil
Common Cinquefoil
Potentilla simplex
Common Cinquefoil leaf
Common Cinquefoil
Basal leaf
Tall Buttercup
Tall Buttercup
Ranunculus acris
Tall Buttercup leaf
Tall Buttercup
Lower leaves divided into 3 to 7 parts with deep clefts
Kidneyleaf Buttercup
Kidneyleaf Buttercup
Littleleaf Buttercup

Ranunculus abortivus
Basal leaf
Kidneyleaf Buttercup
Littleleaf Buttercup

Unique basal leaves
Swamp Buttercup
Swamp Buttercup
(Hispid Buttercup)

Ranunculus hispidus var. nitidus
Swamp Buttercup Leaf
Swamp Buttercup
Basal leaf - the largest, 3 parts, each part divided. Upper leaves more simple
Hooked Crowfoot
Hooked Crowfoot
(Blisterwort)

Ranunculus recurvatus
Hooked Crowfoot Leaf
Hooked Crowfoot
Lower stem leaf
Ranunculus recurvatus
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Long-headed Coneflower
(Prairie Coneflower)

Ratibida columnifera
Black eyed susan
Black-eyed Susan
Rudbeckia hirta
Black-eyed Susan leaf
Black-eyed Susan
Stem Leaf - linear to spatula shape, rough white bristly hair, stalkless at top of stem
Black-eyed Susan Phyllaries
Black-eyed Susan
Phyllaries - 2 series, linear, quite long, very hairy, outer ones reflex.
Rosinweed
Wholeleaf Rosinweed
(Rosin-weed)

Silphium integrifolium
Rosinweed leaf
Wholeleaf Rosinweed -leaf
(Rosin-weed) Leaves opposite, not surrounding the stem, upper & lower same size.
Dandelion
Common Dandelion
Taraxacum officinale
Dandelion basal leaves
Common Dandelion
Leaves all basal, long, pinnately divided, terminal lobe larger, stalk with wings.
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Meadow Goatsbeard
Yellow Goatsbeard

Tragopogon pratensis
Goatsbeard seed
Meadow Goatsbeard
Yellow Goatsbeard

Distinctive Tragopogon seed cluster
Mullein
Common Mullein
Verbascum thapsus
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Golden Alexanders
(Golden Zizia)

Zizia aurea


Flowers yellow-green, gray-green, green.

Thimbleweed
Thimbleweed
Anemone cylindrica
Thimbleweed leaf
Thimbleweed
Both Thimbleweeds have similar basal and stem leaves.
Tall Thimbleweed
Tall Thimbleweed
Anemone virginiana
Tall thimbleweed bracts
Tall Thimbleweed has secondary bracts midway up on flower stalk
Wild Sarsaparilla
Wild Sarsaparilla
Aralia nudicaulis
Wild Sarsaparilla leaf
Wild Sarsaparilla
Usually 3 leaves of 3-5 leaflets each, flower stem separate from base.
Wild sarsaparilla
Wild Sarsaparilla
Flowers in rounded umbels, usually 3, on separate leafless stem from the root.
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Jack-in-the-pulpit
Arisaema triphyllum
Canadian Milk Vetch
Canadian Milk Vetch
Astragalus canadensis
milkvetch leaf
Canadian Milk Vetch
Leaf compound, 15-35 leaflets, smooth edges, pointed tips on leaflets.
Bittersweet
Climbing Bittersweet*
(American Bittersweet)

Celastrus scandens
Climbing Bittersweet leaf
Climbing Bittersweet*
(American Bittersweet)
Leaves oval, smooth, sharp teeth
Dodder
Common Dodder
(Parasitic - no leaves)
Cuscuta gronovii
Water Horsetail strobilus
Water Horsetail
Equisetum fluviatile
Waterhorsetail
Water Horsetail
Ancient plant - spore producing strobilus atop unbranched stem.
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Leafy Spurge
Euphorbia esula
Alumroot
Alumroot
Heuchera americana var. hirsuticaulus
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Alumroot
Tall plant. Stalked basal leaves only. Garden plant is a cross with H. richardsonii.
Wood Nettle
Wood Nettle
(Canadian Wood Nettle)

Laportea canadensis
Wood Nettle Leaf
Wood Nettle
Leaf- alternate, long-stalk, oval. coarse teeth, upper surface crinkled dk green
Commopn Plantain
Common Plantain
Plantago major L.
Solomon's Seal flower
Great Solomon's Seal
(Smooth Solomon's Seal)

Polygonatum biflorum
Solomon's seal
Great Solomon's Seal
Stems arching, unbranched, flowers pendant, leaves
fragrant sumac
Fragrant Sumac*
Rhus aromatica
fragrant Sumac Leaf
Fragrant Sumac* Leaf
Rhus aromatica
Smooth Sumac
Smooth Sumac*
Rhus glabra
Smooth Sumac Twig
Smooth Sumac*
Twigs smooth & spotted. Leaf - 11 to 31 leaflets, leaf rachis without hair.
Staghorn Sumac
Staghorn Sumac*
Rhus hirta
Staghorn Sumac twig
Staghorn Sumac*
Twigs with dense fine hair. Leaf-9 to 29 leaflets, rachis with hair.
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Curly Dock
Rumex crispus
Curly dock leaf
Curly Dock
Leaves lance-shape, curly but smooth edge, dull green.
Broadleaf Burweed
Broadleaf Burweed
Sparganium eurycarpum. Photo Josh Sulman, Wisconsin Flora
Tall Meadowrue
Tall Meadow Rue
(Purple Meadow Rue)

Thalictrum dasycarpum
Tall Meadow Rue
Tall Meadow Rue
(Purple Meadow Rue)
3 to 5’ tall, stem leaves stalkless & hairy beneath & longer than wide.
Poison Ivy Flower
Poison Ivy
(Western Poison Ivy)
Toxicodendron rydbergii
Poison Ivy leaf
Poison Ivy
(Western Poison Ivy)
Leaf- 3 widely overal leaflets with pointed tip, hairless, shiny dark green, bronze when new.


Flowers blue, bluish and bluish-pink

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Blue Giant Hyssop
(Anise Hyssop)
Agastache foeniculum
Anise Hyssop leaf
Blue Giant Hyssop
Leaf opposite, triangular, upper leaves more narrow. Anise scent when crushed.
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Leadplant
Amorpha canescens
Eastern Bluestar
Eastern Bluestar
Amsonia tabernaemontana
Bluestar leaf
Eastern Bluestar
Leaves narrow and pointed, deep green.
False Blue Indigo
False Blue Indigo
(Blue Wild Indigo)

Baptisia australis
Downy Woodmint
Downy Wood Mint
Blephilia cilata
Downy Wood Mint leaf
Downy Wood Mint
Leaf- upper lance shape, lower ovate, coarse teeth, fine hair on edge and under, aromatic.
Hairy Wood Mint
Hairy Wood Mint
(Hoary Wood Mint)
Blephilia hirsuta
Hairy Wood Mint leaf
Hairy Wood Mint
Leaf - More egg shaped, a few coarse teeth, hairy surfaces and margin, long hair on stem
Tall Bellflower
Tall Bellflower
(American Bellflower)

Campanulastrum americanum
Bristly Bellflower
Bristly Bellflower
(Bristly Bluebells)
Campanula cervicaria
bristly Bellflower stem
Bristly Bellflower
Flowers in separated clusters on hairy stem, stem leaves narrow lance shape, wavy, hairy.
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European Bellflower
(Rampion Bellflower)
Campanula rapunculoides
Chicory
Chicory - blue flower type
Cichorium intybus
Basal leaf
Chicory - Blue flower type
Basal leaf long with sharp dentations, stalked.
Fringed Willowherb
Fringed Willowherb
Epilobium ciliatum ssp. glandulosum
(American Willowherb - leaves oval to lance-like)
Willowherb
Willowherb
Epilobium coloratum
Willowherb leaf
Willowherb
Leaf oblong, toothed edges, sometimes purplish in Autumn
Virginia Waterleaf
Virginia Waterleaf
(Eastern Waterleaf)
Hydrophyllum virginianum
Virginia Waterleaf
Virginia Waterleaf
Leaves stalked, 3 - 7 lobes, larger have tip and base lobes separated.
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Blue Flag Iris
Iris versicolor
Wild Lupine
Wild Lupine
Lupinus perennis
Wild Lupine leaf
Wild Lupine
Leaves divided into 7 - 11 leaflets, smooth edges,
Forget-me-not
True Forget-me-not
Myosotis scorpioides
Silvery Scurf Pea
Silvery Scurf Pea
Pediomelum argophyllum
Silvery Scurf Pea leaf
Silvery Scurf Pea
Leaf - 3 to 5 leaflets with whitish appressed hair.
Wild Blue Phlox
Wild Blue Phlox
Phlox divaricata
Jacob's Ladder
Jacob's Ladder
(Greek Valerian)

Polemonium reptans
Jacob's Ladder leaf
Jacob's Ladder
Plant under 20 inches high, leaf- 7-17 leaflets, smooth edges, frequently reclining.
Mad dog Skullcap
Marsh Skullcap
Scutellaria galericulata
Marsh Skullcap plant
Marsh Skullcap
Flowers mostly solidary from leaf axils. Leaves barely stalked.
Marsh Skullcap
Mad Dog Skullcap
Scutellaria lateriflora
(Blue Skullcap) Leaves Stalked.
Soederwort
Bluejacket
(Ohio Spiderwort)
Tradescantia ohiensis
Swamp Vervain
Blue Vervain
(Swamp Vervain)
Verbena hastata
Blue Vervain leaf
Blue Vervain
Leaf lance-like, coarse teeth, underside with whitish hair, lower leaves have a pair of basal lobes.
prairie birdsfoot violet
Prairie Birdsfoot Violet
Viola pedatifida
Prairie violet leaf
Prairie Birdsfoot Violet
Leaf pinnately divided. Flower has white patch in throat of lower petal


Flowers pink, pinkish, rosy, pink-purplish, deep purple.

Wild Garlic
Wild Garlic
Allium canadense
Wild Garlic
Wild Garlic
Flowering begins when pale sheath opens. Not all bulbils will flower.
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Wild Ginger
(Canadian Wild Ginger)

Asarum canadense
Wild Ginger leaf
Wild Ginger
Leaves - 2 per plant, hairy stalks and underside, up to 6” wide. Stem prostrate.
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Swamp Milkweed
Asclepias incarnata
Common Milkweed
Common Milkweed
Asclepias syriaca
Spotted Knapweed
Spotted Knapweed
Centaurea biebersteinii
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Fireweed
Chamerion angustifolium
Canada thistle
Canada Thistle
Cirsium arvense
Canada Thistle leaf

Flw. head to 1/2” wide, deep indentations on leaf, hard needle-like prickles on margins
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Showy Lady's-slipper
Cypripedium reginae
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Purple Prairie Clover
Dalea purpurea
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Pointed-leaved Ticktrefoil
Desmodium glutinosum
Pointed leaf tick-trefoil leaf
Pointed-leaved Ticktrefoil
Basal 3-part leaves, center leaflet with pointed tip
Bush Honeysuckle pink
Northern Bush Honeysuckle*
Diervilla lonicera
(Most flowers are yellow)
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Grecian Foxglove
Digitalis lanata
Eastern Wahoo Flower
Eastern Wahoo*
Euonymus atropurpureus
Eastern Wahoo plant
Eastern Wahoo*
Leggy shrub, flower clusters tiny, rising from the leaf axils. Leaves oblong, fine teeth.
Queen of the Prairie
Queen of the Prairie
Filipendula rubra
Queen of the prairie leaf
Queen of the Prairie
Leaf -up to 7 separated lobed leaflets on reddish stem, terminal leaflet with 7-9 lobes.
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Wild Geranium
(Spotted Geranium)

Geranium maculatum
Wild Geranium leaf
Wild Geranium
Basal leaves palmately divided, 5 - 7 lobes. Pair small leaves on flower stem.
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Dame's Rocket
(Sweet Rocket)

Hesperis matronalis
Dame's Rocket Leaf
Dame's Rocket-white
(Sweet Rocket)

Leaves alternate, lance-shape, toothed. Flowers in loose terminal cluster.
Veiny Pea
Veiny Pea
(Veiny Vetchling)

Lathyrus venosus
Veiny Pea leaf Stipule
Veiny Pea
Leaf 8 to 12 leaflets with tendril. Stipule arrow shape, clasps stem, 2 lobes only.
Motherwort
Motherwort
Leonurus cardiaca
Motherwort plant section
Top section of plant, leaves lobed lower on plant.
Wild Mint
Wild Mint
Mentha arvensis
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Heartleaf Four O'clock
(Wild Four O'clock)
Mirabilis nyctaginea
Wild Four O'clock leaf
Heartleaf Four O'clock
Leaves paired, oval, heart-shape base. Flowers above a star-shaped cup.
Purple Bergamot
Purple Bergamot
Monarda media
Showy Beardtongue
Showy Beardtongue
(Large-flowered Beardtongue)

Penstemon grandiflorus
Downy Phlox
Downy Phlox
Phlox pilosa
Downy Phlox leaf
Downy Phlox
Leaves less than 1/2” wide, stems with fine whitish hair, flowers in branched clusters.
Prickly Rose
Prickly Rose*
Rosa acicularlis
Prickly Rose Stem
Prickly Rose*
Stems branched, densely prickled near base, leaflets 5-9, flowers solitary.
Arkansas Rose
Prairie Wild Rose*
Rosa arkansana
Arkansas Rose leaf
Prairie Wild Rose*
9-11 leaflets, many lower stem prickles, little branching, flws in clusters of 2-3
Smooth Rose
Smooth Rose*
Rosa blanda
Smooth Rose leaf
Smooth Rose*
5-7 leaflets, few stem prickles, short plant, branched, flws usually in clusters.
Pasture Rose
Pasture Rose*
(Carolina Rose)
Rosa carolina
Pasture Rose bud
Pasture Rose*
Glandular hair on sepals and flower stalks. Leaflets 5 to 7(9), unbranched, flws solitary
Climbing Rose
Climbing Rose*
Rosa setigera
Climbing Rose leaf
Climbing Rose*
Leaf of 3 leaflets, stems arching, vine-like, flws in clusters.
Woods Rose
Wood's Rose*
Rosa woodsii
Wood's Rose olf stem
Wood's Rose*
Tallest rose, stems reddish, curved prickles (not dense), leaflets 5-9, flws 1 or 1-3
Bouncing Bet
Bouncing Bet -Pink flower type
(Soapwort)
Saponaria officinalis
Soapwort leaf
Bouncing Bet
Leaf - opposite, elongated ovals, smooth, wavy, 3-5 prominent veins.
Lance-leaf figwort
Lanceleaf Figwort
Scrophularia lanceolata
Lanceleaf figwort
Lanceleaf Figwort
Stems with flat sides, erect, flowers in open widely branched panicle.
Lanceleaf Figwort leaf
Lanceleaf Figwort
Leaves stalked, lance-shaped, dbl-tooth margins, base never heart-shaped
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Climbing Nightshade
(Bittersweet Nightshade)

Solanum dulcamara
Climbing Nightshade leaf
Climbing Nightshade
Leaf - 1 large terminal lobe and 2 to 4 smaller lobes. Stalk forms a small wing.
Snowberry
Snowberry*
Symphoricarpos albus
Snowberry leaf
Snowberry*
Leaves opposite, simple, oval, blunt ends. Flowers in cluster at twig tip.
Red Clover
Red Clover
Trifolium pratense
Red Clover leaf
Red Clover
leaf 3-parted, blunt oval shape, hairy edges, lighter color chevron, large stipule.
Hoary Vervain
Hoary Vervain
Verbena stricta
Hoary Vervain leag
Hoary Vervain
Leaf - sharp coarse teeth, short stalk, underside with fine whitish hair.
American Vetch
American Vetch
Vicia americana
American Vetch leaf stipule
American Vetch
Leaf - 8-16 leaflets, tendrils. Stipule pairs pointed with 3 sharp teeth in middle of each


Flowers reddish, orangish and brownish

Columbine
Wild Columbine
(Red Columbine)
Aquilegia canadensis
Columbine leaf
Wild Columbine
Leaves divided into 3-leaflet groups, each leaflet cleft at tips.
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Orange Day Lily
Hemerocallis fulva
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Orange Hawkweed
Hieracium aurantiacum
Orange hawkweed leaf
Orange Hawkweed
Leaves all basal, elongated, no lobes or teeth, very hairy.
Michigan Lily
Turk's-cap Lily &
Michigan Lily

Lilium michiganense
Michigan Lily sepals
Michigan Lily
Flowers pendant from tall stem, no green star inside throat, stamens diverge widely close to throat.
Michigan Lily leaf
Michigan Lily
Leaves in whorls; L. superbum 3-9+ per whorl, L. michiganense 3-7.
Wood Lily
Wood Lily
Lilium philadelphicum
Turk's Cap Lily
Turk's-cap Lily
Lilium superbum
Turk's-cap Lily sepals
Turk's-cap Lily Lily
Flowers pendant from tall stem, green star inside throat, stamens together, spreading near anthers.
Turk's- ap Lily leaf
Turk's-cap Lily
Leaves in whorls; L. superbum 3-9+ per whorl, L. michiganense 3-7.
Flame Azalea
Flame Azalea*
Rhododendron calendulaceum
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Horse Gentian
Triosteum perfoliatum
horse gentian plant
Horse Gentian
Leaves egg shape, appear connected at stem. Flowers in leaf axils.
Narrowleaf Cattail
Narrow-leaved Cattail
(Gap between brown flw sections)
Typha angustifolia
Cattail
Common Cattail
(Broadleaf Cattail)

(No gap between brown flw sections)
Typha latifolia

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graphic Garden Plant Photo Identification Booklet