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Eloise Butler Wildflower Garden

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Which ones to plant where

This is a listing of most of the ferns represented in the Eloise Butler Wildflower Garden today.
Nomenclature has changed over the last 100 years from that which the early curators (Eloise Butler and Martha Crone) used and we have provided the more current classification as used by the major listings in use today, particularly Flora of North America, and in Minnesota the Annotated Checklist of the Vascular Flora of Minnesota, published by the University of Minnesota Herbarium; both reflect the work by the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (APG III classification system)

Fern names with active links will bring up an information sheet with plant information and photos. Ferns are listed in Scientific Name order. First photo is spore location, second photo is frond shape.
Number after description refers to photo credit and copyright listing at page bottom

Ferns listed on the most recent Garden Census

Maidenhair soriThumbnail
Northern Maidenhair Fern
Adiantum pedatum L.
Native (3)
Lady Fern SoriLady Fern
Lady Fern
Athyrium filix-femina (L.) Roth
Native (3)
Bulblet fern soribulblet fern frond
Bulblet Bladder Fern (Berry Bladder Fern)
Cystopteris bulbifera (L.) Bernh.
Native (3)
Silvery false Spleenwort soriThumbnail
Silvery False Spleenwort
Deparia acrostichoides (SW.) M. Kato
Native (3)
Spinulose Wood Fern soriThumbnail
Spinulose Wood Fern (Toothed Wood Fern)
Dryopteris carthusiana (Vill.) H.P.Fuchs
Native (3)
Crested Wood Fern soriCrested Wood Fern
Crested Wood Fern (Crested Shield Fern)
Dryopteris cristata (L) Gray
Native (3)
male fern sorimale fern thumbnail
Male Fern
Dryopteris filix-mas (L.) Schott
Native (3)
Goldie's Fern soriThumbnail
Goldie's Wood Fern
Dryopteris goldiana (Hook. ex Goldie) A.Gray
Native (3)
Marginal Fern soriMarginal Fern thumbnail
Marginal Wood Fern
Dryopteris marginalis (L.) A.Gray
Native (3)
Ostrich Fern SoriThumbnail
Ostrich Fern
Matteuccia struthiopteris (L.) Todaro
Native (3)
Sensitive Fern soriThumbnail
Sensitive Fern
Onoclea sensibilis L.
Native (3)
Cinnamon Fern SoriuThumbnail
Cinnamon Fern
Osmundastrum cinnamomeum (L.) C. Presl
Older name - Osmunda cinnamomea L.
Native (3)
Interrupted Fern soriThumbnail
Interrupted Fern
Osmunda claytoniana L.
Native (3)
Royal Fern soriRoyal Fern Frond
Royal Fern
Osmunda regalis L.
Native (3)
Christmas Fern soriThumbnail
Christmas Fern
Polystichum acrostichoides (Michx.) Schott
native (3)
Bracken fern soriThumbnail
Bracken Fern
Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn var. latiusculum
Native (3)
marsh fern soriMarsh Fern
Marsh Fern
Thelypteris palustris Schott var. pubescens (G. Lawson) Fernald
Native (3)

Ferns once present in the Garden but no longer extant.

Walking Fern sori Walking Fern frond
Walking Fern
Asplenium rhizophyllum L.
Native (11 sori) (2 frond)
Rattlesnake Fern soriRattlesnake Fern frond
Rattlesnake Fern (Grape Fern)
Botrychium virginianum (L.) Sw.
Native (4sori) (12 frond)
sori of brittle bladder fern frond of brittle bladder fern
Brittle Bladder Fern (Fragile Bladder Fern)
Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh.
Native (3)
Hay-scented FErn soriHay-scented Fern frond
Hay-scented Fern
Dennstaedtia punctilobula (Michx.) T.Moore
Not Native (6 sori)(7 frond)
Glade Fern sori Glade Fern
Glade Fern (Narrow-leaved Spleenwort)
Diplazium pycnocarpon (Spreng.) M.Broun
Native (3)
Clinton Fern sori Clinton Fern Frond
Clinton Fern
Dryopteris clintoniana (D.C. Eaton) Dowell
Native (4 sori) (7 frond)
Sori frond
Spreading Wood Fern
Dryopteris expansa (C.Presl) Fraser-Jenk. & Jermy
Native (4 sori)(8 frond)
Western Oak FErn soriWestern Oak Fern frond
Western Oak Fern
Gymnocarpium dryopteris (L.) Newman
Native (11)
Long Beech Fern soriLong Beech Fern Frond
Long Beech Fern (Narrow Beech Fern)
Phegopteris connectilis (Michx.) Watt
Native (11 sori) (13 frond)
Braun's Holly Fern soriBraun's Holly Fern frond
Braun's Holly Fern
Polystichum braunii (Spenn.) Fée
Native (9 sori) (5 frond)
New York Fern soriNew York Fern frond
New York Fern
Thelypteris noveboracensis (L.) Nieuwl.
Not Native (4 sori) (10 frond)
rusty woodsia soriRusty Woodsia frond
Rusty Woodsia
Woodsia ilvensis
Native (4 sori) (3 frond)

Photo credits and Copyright

(1) Aaron Carlson, Wisconsin Flora
(2) Thomas G. Barnes, USDA-NRCS PLants Database
(3) G D Bebeau, Friends of the Wild Flower Garden
(4) Drawings from Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. (Public Domain)
(5) Eric Epstein, Wisconsin Flora, University of Wisconsin
(6) Gary Fewless, Wisconsin Flora, University of Wisconsin
(7) Emmett J. Judziewez, Wisconsin Flora, University of Wisconsin
(8) Leslie Koepke, USDA-NRCS PLants Database
(9) Eric Kronig, Wisconsin Flora, University of Wisconsin
(10) Robert H. Mohlenbrock, USDA-NRCS PLants Database
(11) Christopher Noll, Wisconsin Flora, University of Wisconsin
(12) Janice Stiefel, Wisconsin Flora, University of Wisconsin
(13) Stephen L. Solheim, Wisconsin Flora, University of Wisconsin

Fern Talk: An illustrated glossary of the most common nomenclature

Eloise Butler wrote two essays about fern in the early Wild Botanic Garden, as it was then called.
(1) 1915 essay "Ferns in the Wild Garden". This work was sent to The Gray Memorial Botanical Chapter, (Division D ) of the Agassiz Association for publication in the Asa Gray Bulletin.
(2) 1919 essay with the same title "Ferns in the Wild Garden". Based on her text we believe this was also sent to Agassiz.

graphic Garden Plant Photo Identification Booklet