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Late Spring Flowers of Eloise Butler Wildflower Garden

Presented by The Friends of the Wild Flower Garden


Wild Geranium

Thumbnails of some of the late spring flowering plants that you may encounter on a visit - Early May to Mid-June. This page should keep you going until mid-June, then everything in the Upland breaks loose. Alternate common names for plant are shown in ( ), woody plants designated by "*". Timing of spring bloom will vary with each year's weather pattern.
Plant names with web links lead to a separate page of plant information and photos on that plant.
Images are arranged by six color categories and then by scientific name within color. Plants listed on our Common and Scientific name list that are not currently found in the Garden are not listed below.
Printable PDF File in Scientific Name Order within Color. Prints at 11 high by 8.5 inches wide, 20 images per page: Low resolution - 2.3mb - - - Hi resolution 17.7mb. Best for printing, 18 pages.


Flowers white and whitish

White Baneberry
White Baneberry
Flowers in pyramidal cluster
Actaea pachypoda
Red Baneberry
Red Baneberry
Flowers in domed cluster
Actaea rubra
Red Baneberry leaf
Baneberry leaf
Much the same on both species.
Garlic Mustard
Garlic Mustard
Alliaria petiolata
Garlic Mustard leaf
Garlic Mustard
Leaves with heart-shape base, coarse teeth.
Saskatoon Serviceberry
Saskatoon Serviceberry*
Amelanchier alnifolia
Saskatoon Service berry leaf
Saskatoon Serviceberry*
Leaf- teeth in the upper half, no hair at flowering, rounded tip.
Downy Juneberry
Downy Juneberry*
Amelanchier arborea
Downy Juneberry leaf
Downy Juneberry*
Leaf has fine teeth, bronze and hairy at flowering time, pointed tip.
Canada Anemone
Canada Anemone
Anemone canadensis
Canada Anemone leaf
Canada Anemone
Upper stem leaves stalkless, basal look the same, but on long stalks.
Wood Anemone
Wood Anemone
Anemone quinquefolia
Field Pussytoes
Field Pussytoes
Antennaria neglecta
Black Chokeberry
Black Chokeberry*
Aronia melanocarpa
(Photinia melanocarpa)
Black Chokeberry leaf
Black Chokeberry*
Leaf- cluster near end of twig; Fine teeth; midrib has stiff red glands.
Smooth Rockcress
Smooth Rockcress
Boechera laevigata (Arabis laevigata)
Smooth Rockcress
Smooth Rockcress
Stem erect, stem leaves long, narrow, curling. Basal leaves obovate
Wild Calla
Wild Calla
(Water Arum)

Calla palustris
Cut-leaf Toothwort
Cut-leaved Toothwort
Cardamine concatenata
Cut-leaved Toothwort leaf
Cut-leaved Toothwort
Stem leaves divided into 3 deeply lobed toothed leaflets such that they appear to be 5 lobed leaflets.
Two-leaved Toothwort
Two-leaved Toothwort
Cardamine diphylla
Two-leaved Toothwort
Two-leaved Toothwort
Stems have two leaf stalks, opposite, leaves with 3 lobes, not so deeply cut.
Pennsylvania Bittercress
Bittercress
(Pennsylvania Bitter Cress)
Cardamine pensylvanica.
Bittercress leaf
Bittercress
Terminal leaflet largest. Stem leaf shown. Lower leaf has wider leaflets.
Mouse-ear Chickweed
Mouse-ear Chickweed
Cerastium fontanum ssp. vulgare
Mouse-ear chickweed leaf
Mouse-ear Chickweed
Short plant. Leaves opposite, stalkled, fine hair. Flowers - 5 cleft petals
Virginia Spring Beauty
Spring Beauty - Virginia
Claytonia virginica L.
Spring Beauty plant
Spring Beauty - Virginia
Flowers in loose cluster. Basal leaves long & narrow. One pair per stem.
Bastard Toadflax
Bastard Toadflax
Comandra umbellata
Bastard Toadflax plant
Bastard Toadflax
Plant short, erect. Flowers in flattened clusters. Leaves alternate, smooth.
Lily of the Valley
Lily of the Valley
Convallaria majalis
Pagoda Dogwood
Pagoda Dogwood*
(Alternate-leaf Dogwood)

(Flowers - flat-top clusters)
Cornus alternifolia
Pale dogwood
Pale Dogwood*
(found in moist areas)
Cornus obliqua
Red Osier dogwood
Redosier Dogwood*
(Stems red Fall to Spring.)
Cornus sericea
Red Osier Dogwood leaf
Redosier Dogwood*
Leaves opposite, entire, whitish beneath, fine hair on top.
False Rue Anemone
False Rue Anemone
Enemion biternatum
False Rue Anemone leaf
False Rue Anemone
Flowers rise from leaf axils. Leaves 2-3 parted. Early Spring bloom.
Daisy Fleabane
Annual Fleabane
(Eastern Daisy Fleabane)

Erigeron annuus
Daisy Fleabane leaf
Annual Fleabane
(Eastern Daisy Fleabane)
Leaf toothed, not clasping, stem hair standing out
Annual Fleabane Phyllaries
Annual Fleabane
Phyllaries in 2 to 3 series, sparsely hairy, sometimes glandular.
Philadelphia Fleabane
Philadelphia Fleabane
(Common Fleabane)
Erigeron philadelphicus
Common Fleabane leaf
Philadelphia Fleabane
(Common Fleabane)
Upper leaves clasping stem, stem hairy.
Philadelphia Fleabane phyllaries
Philadelphia Fleabane
Phyllaries - 2 to 3 series, with or without fine hair, sometimes glandular
Lesser Daisy Fleabane
Lesser Daisy Fleabane
Erigeron strigosus
Lesser Daisy Fleabane leaf
Lesser Daisy Fleabane
(Prairie Fleabane)
leaf- few teeth, not clasping, stem hair close to stem.
Lesser Daisy Fleabane Phyllaries
Lesser Daisy Fleabane
(Prairie Fleabane)
Phyllaries in 2 to 4 series with or without fine hair.
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White Troutlily
(White Fawn Lily)

Erythronium albidum
Virginia Strawberry
Virginia Strawberry
Fragaria virginiana
Virginia Strawberry leaf
Strawberry - Virginia: Flower stalk shorter than leaves. Leaflets stalked. Tip tooth shorter
Virginia Strawberry fruit
Strawberry - Virginia: Seeds embedded in pits.
Woodland Strawberry
Woodland Strawberry
Fragaria vesca
Woodland Strawberry leaf
Strawberry - Woodland: Flower stalk above leaves. Leaflets often stalkless. Tip tooth broad.
Woodland Strawberry fruit
Strawberry - Woodland: Seeds raised on surface.
Galax
Galax
(Beetleweed)
Galax urceolata
Cleavers
Cleavers
(Stickywilly)
Galium aparine
Cleavers Leaf
Cleavers
(Stickywilly)
Weak stems, few branches, fine clinging hooks, flowers in leaf axils. Leaves whorl 6
Dame's Rocket White flower
Dame's Rocket-white
(Sweet Rocket)

Hesperis matronalis
Dame's Rocket Leaf
Dame's Rocket-white
(Sweet Rocket)

Leaves alternate, lance-shape, toothed. Flowers in loose terminal cluster.
Mountain Laurel
Mountain Laurel*
Kalmia latifolia©Jeff McMillian, USDA-NRCS Plants Database
Mountain Laurel
Mountain Laurel*-plant and leaf
Kalmia latifolia
Cream Pea
Cream Pea
Lathyrus ochroleucus
Cream Pea leaf
Cream Pea
Leaf- 3 to 5+pairs leaflets, tendril at tip, green before flowering.
Peppergrass
Peppergrass
Lepidium densiflorum. Photo ©©Southwest Environmental Information Network
Tatarian Honeysuckle
Tatarian Honeysuckle*
(flowers white to pink)
Lonicera tatarica
False Solomon's Seal
False Solomon's Seal
Maianthemum racemosum
False Solomon's Seal plant section
False Solomon's Seal
Top section of plant. Flowers at tip
Starry False Solomon's Seal
Starry False Solomon's Seal
Maianthemum stellatum
Starry False Solomon's Seal leaf
Starry False Solomon's Seal
Leaves alternate, smooth, stalkless. Starry flowers in narrow terminal spike.
Common Moonseed
Canada Moonseed
(Common Moonseed)

Menispermum canadense
Moonseed leaf
Canada Moonseed
Leaf large, broad, ovate, shallowly lobed. Flowers small, bell-shaped.
Partridge Berry
Partridge Berry
Mitchella repens
Partridge berry leaf
Partridge Berry
(Low growing plant. White flowers are seldom seen in the Garden)
Twoleaf Miterwort
Twoleaf Mitrewort
(Bishop's Cap)

Mitella diphylla
Twoleaf Miterwort
Twoleaf Mitrewort
(Bishop's Cap)

Single pair of almost stalkless 3 to 5 lobed leaves at mid stem
Blunt-leaved Sandwort
Blunt-leaved Sandwort
Moehringia lateriflora
Blunt-leaved Sandwort leat
Blunt-leaved Sandwort
Leaf - oblong, blunt tip, no stalk, less than 1” long, fine hair.
Anise Root
Aniseroot
(Smooth Sweet Cicely)

Osmorhiza longistylis
Anise Root Leaf
Aniseroot
Leaf 2x pinnately divided, underside veins have whitish hair.
Foxglove Beardtongue
Foxglove Beardtongue
(Talus Slope Penstemon)

Penstemon digitalis
Mock Orange
Mock Orange*
Philadelphus sp.
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Mayapple
Podophyllum peltatum
Mayapple
Mayapple leaf. Flowering plants have two leaves. Flower under the leaf.
American Plum
Wild Plum*
(American Plum)

Prunus americana
Chokecherry
Chokecherry*
Prunus virginiana
Chokecherry leaf
Chokecherry*
Leaf- Oval, fine teeth, pale under, small glands on leaf stalk.
Blackberry
Allegheny Blackberry*
Rubus allegheniensis
Allegheny Blackberry leaf
Allegheny Blackberry*
Lower leaves - 5 long-stalked leaflets. Glandular hair on leaf & flower stalks.
Dewberry
Dewberry*
(Northern Dewberry)

Rubus flagellaris
Dewberry leaf
Dewberry*
Short upland plant, usually prostrate, small stem prickles, leaf-3-parted.
Black Raspberry
Black Raspberry*
Rubus occidentalis
Black Raspberry leaf
Black Raspberry*
Leaf - 3-part on flowering stems, 5-part on new canes. No glandular hair anywhere
Dwarf Red Raspberry
Dwarf Red Raspberry
Rubus pubescens
Dwarf Red Raspberry leaf
Dwarf Red Raspberry leaf
Rubus pubescens
Swamp Blackberry
Swamp Blackberry
Rubus semisetosus. Photo ©Merel R. Black, Wisconsin Flora
Elderberry
Red Elderberry
Sambucus racemosa
Elderberry leaf
Red Elderberry
Flower clusteer domed, leaf with 5 - 7 leaflets, serrate edges. Leaves appear with the flowers.
Bladdernut
American Bladdernut*
Staphylea trifolia
Bladdernut leaf
American Bladdernut*Leaf - 3 ovate shiny leaflets, fine teeth, lateral leaflets not stalked
Foam Flower
Foamflower
(Heartleaf Foamflower)

Tiarella cordifolia
Foamflower Plant
Foamflower
Leaves all basal, heart-shape base, 5 to 7 lobes, stalks have glandular hair.
Nodding Trillium
Nodding Trillium
Trillium cernuum
Noddding Trillium
Nodding Trillium
Flower nods beneath the 3 bracts. Green sepals reflexed backward.
Drooping Trillium
Drooping Trillium
(Nodding Wakerobin)

Trillium flexipes
Drooping Trillium
Drooping Trillium
Flower droops but remains above bracts. Green sepals partly reflexed
Large Flowered Trillium
Large-flowered Trillium
(White Trillium)

Trillium grandiflorum
Large Flowered Trillium
Large-flowered Trillium
Largest flower of white trilliums, erect, facing outward. Pink with age.
Southern Arrowwood flower
Southern Arrowwood*
Viburnum dentatum
Southern Arrowwood leaf
Southern Arrowwood*
Leaves opposite, sharp coarse teeth, stalked, tips pointed to rounded.
Nannyberry
Nannyberry*
Viburnum lentago
Nannyberry leaf
Nannyberry*
Leaf- egg shape, fine teeth, in opposite pairs, stalks reddish with small wings.
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Highbush Cranberry*
(American Cranberrybush
)
Viburnum opulus var. americanum
(Moist area plant)
Highbush cranberry leaf
Highbush Cranberry*

Leaf 3-lobed, coarse teeth, small stalked glands on leaf stalk. Flowers similar to European Cranberry.
European Cranberrybush
European Cranberrybush*
Viburnum opulus
European Cranberry leaf
European Cranberrybush*
Leaf 3-lobed, with a few coarse teeth, small unstalked glands on leaf stalk. Flowers similar to Highbush Cranberry.
Canada Violet
Canada Violet
Yellow tinting at petal base
Viola canadensis
Canada Violet leaf
Canada VioletLeaves basal & stem, heart shape base, veins patterned. Basal on long stalks.


Flowers Yellow to yellowish.

Marsh Marigold
Marsh Marigold
(Cowslip)

Caltha palustris
Marsh Marigold leaf
Marsh Marigold
Leaves basal & stem, heart shaped, basal on long stalks. Soft hair under
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Yellow Lady's-slipper
Cypripedium parviflorum var. pubescens
Bush Honeysuckle
Northern Bush Honeysuckle*
Diervilla lonicera
Bush Honeysuckle leaf
Northern Bush Honeysuckle*
Leaves opposite, flowers in small panicle at stem tip. Some flowers pink.
Yellow Trout-lily
Yellow Troutlily
(Dogtooth Violet)

Erythronium americanum
Yellow Day Lily
Yellow Day Lily
Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus
Goldenseal
Goldenseal
Hydrastis canadensis
Goldenseal leaf
Goldenseal
Two stem leaves, upper stalkless, lower stalked
Tufted Loosestrife
Tufted Loosestrife
A wetland plant
Lysimachia thyrsiflora
Tufted Loosestrife plant
Tufted Loosestrife
Flowers in thyrses, leaves opposite, surfaces dotted. Wetland plant
Golden Ragwort
Golden Ragwort
Packera aurea
Golden Ragwort leaf
Golden Ragwort
Wetland plant. Leaves lobed, lower leaves longer and larger
Prairie Ragwort
Prairie Ragwort
Packera plattensis
Prairie Ragwort leaf
Prairie Ragwort
Upland plant. Leaves with lobes or crenations.
Common Cinquefoil
Common Cinquefoil
Potentilla simplex
Common Cinquefoil leaf
Common Cinquefoil
Basal leaf
Kidneyleaf Buttercup
Kidneyleaf Buttercup
Littleleaf Buttercup

Ranunculus abortivus
Basal leaf
Kidneyleaf Buttercup
Littleleaf Buttercup

Unique basal leaves
Tall Buttercup
Tall Buttercup
Ranunculus acris
Tall Buttercup leaf
Tall Buttercup
Lower leaves divided into 3 to 7 parts with deep clefts
Swamp Buttercup
Swamp Buttercup
(Hispid Buttercup)

Ranunculus hispidus var. nitidus
Swamp Buttercup Leaf
Swamp Buttercup
Basal leaf - the largest, 3 parts, each part divided. Upper leaves more simple
Hooked Crowfoot
Hooked Crowfoot
(Blisterwort)

Ranunculus recurvatus
Hooked Crowfoot Leaf
Hooked Crowfoot
Lower stem leaf
Ranunculus recurvatus
Missouri Gooseberry flower
Missouri Gooseberry*
Ribes missouriense
Missouri Gooseberry leaf
Missouri Gooseberry*
Leaf - 3 to 5 palmate toothed lobes. Base straight to slightly heart-shaped.
Wood Poppy
Wood Poppy
Stylophorum diphyllum
Wood Poppy leaf
Wood Poppy
Leaves - rounded lobes, deeply divided, pinnatifid, most basal.
Dandelion
Common Dandelion
Taraxacum officinale
Dandelion basal leaves
Common Dandelion
Leaves all basal, long, pinnately divided, terminal lobe larger, stalk with wings.
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Meadow Goatsbeard
Yellow Goatsbeard

Tragopogon pratensis
Goatsbeard seed
Meadow Goatsbeard
Yellow Goatsbeard

Distinctive Tragopogon seed cluster
Yellow Trillium
Yellow Trillium
(Yellow Wakerobin)

Trillium luteum
Some flowers will be yellow-green in color.
Large Flowered Bellwort
Large-flowered Bellwort
Uvularia grandiflora
Large-flowered Bellwort
Large-flowered BellwortLeaves pierced by stem, flower stem nods downward. Tepals twisted.
Yellow Violet
Downy Yellow Violet
Viola pubescens
Downy Yellow Violet leaf
Downy Yellow Violet
Flower solitary from upper leaf axil. Leaves basal and stem.
Golden Alexanders
Golden Alexanders
(Golden Zizia)

Zizia aurea


Flowers yellow-green, gray-green, green.

Thimbleweed
Thimbleweed
Anemone cylindrica
Thimbleweed leaf
Thimbleweed
Both Thimbleweeds have similar basal and stem leaves.
Tall Thimbleweed
Tall Thimbleweed
Anemone virginiana
Tall thimbleweed bracts
Tall Thimbleweed has secondary bracts midway up on flower stalk
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Jack-in-the-pulpit
Arisaema triphyllum
Wild sarsaparilla
Wild Sarsaparilla
Aralia nudicaulis
Wild Sarsaparilla leaf
Wild Sarsaparilla leaf
Aralia nudicaulis
Jack-in-pulpit
Jack-in-the-pulpit
Arisaema triphyllum
Bittersweet
Climbing Bittersweet*
(American Bittersweet)

Celastrus scandens
Climbing Bittersweet leaf
Climbing Bittersweet*
(American Bittersweet)
Leaves oval, smooth, sharp teeth
Sweet Fern plant
Sweet Fern*
Comptonia peregrina
Sweet Fern
Sweet Fern*
Leaves long, narrow, lobed, gland-dotted, plant monoecious. Female flower shown.
American Hazelnut male catkins
American Hazelnut*
(Male Catkins)
Corylus americana
American Hazelnut female flowers
American Hazelnut*
(Female flowers)
Male flowers in hanging catkins, female is small buds - both before the leaves.
American Hazelnut leaf
American Hazelnut*
Leaves oval, double-toothed, dark green, pale under, hairy stiff stalk
Water Horsetail strobilus
Water Horsetail
Equisetum fluviatile
Waterhorsetail
Water Horsetail
Ancient plant - spore producing strobilus atop unbranched stem.
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Leafy Spurge
Euphorbia esula
Glossy Buckthorn
Glossy Buckthorn*
(Flowers in loose cluster)
Rhamnus frangula
Glossy Buckthorn leaf
Glossy Buckthorn*
Leaf - no marginal teeth.
Swamp Saxifrage
Eastern Swamp Saxifrage
Micranthes pensylvanica [Saxifraga pensylvanica]
Swamp Saxifrage Plant
Eastern Swamp Saxifrage
Hairy lance-shape leaves all basal. Flower stalk with glandular hair, up to 3 feet high.
Virginia Creeper
Virginia Creeper*
Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Virginia Creeper Flower Cluster
Virginia Creeper Inflorescence cluster much branched
Virginia Creeper leaf
Virginia Creeper leaf
Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Virginia Creeper pads
Virginia Creeper
Only Creeper has attachment pads
Grape Woodbine
Woodbine*
(Grape Woodbine)

Parthenocissus vitacea
Grape Woodbine Flower Cluster
Woodbine*
Inflorescence
2 or 3 branches only.
Grape Woodbine leaf
Woodbine*
Leaf more glossty than Virginia Creeper.
Solomon's Seal flower
Great Solomon's Seal
(Smooth Solomon's Seal)

Polygonatum biflorum
Solomon's seal
Great Solomon's Seal
Stems arching, unbranched, flowers pendant, leaves
Common Buckthorn
Common Buckthorn*
Rhamnus cathartica
Common Buckthorn leaf
Common Buckthorn
Common Buckthorn leaf - marginal teeth.
fragrant sumac
Fragrant Sumac*
Rhus aromatica
fragrant Sumac Leaf
Fragrant Sumac* Leaf
Rhus aromatica
Smooth Sumac
Smooth Sumac*
Rhus glabra
Smooth Sumac Twig
Smooth Sumac*
Twigs smooth & spotted. Leaf - 11 to 31 leaflets, leaf rachis without hair.
Staghorn Sumac
Staghorn Sumac*
Rhus hirta
Staghorn Sumac twig
Staghorn Sumac*
Twigs with dense fine hair. Leaf-9 to 29 leaflets, rachis with hair.
American Black Current
American Black Currant*
(Wild Black Currant)

Ribes americanum
American Black Currant Leaf
American Black Currant*
(Wild Black Currant)
Leaf- 3 to 5 toothed lobes, main veins from base. Underside with visible yellow glands.
Prickly Gooseberry
Eastern Prickly Gooseberry*
Ribes cynosbati
Prickly Gooseberry
Eastern Prickly Gooseberry*
Ribes cynosbati
Prickly Gooseberry leaf
Eastern Prickly Gooseberry*
Leaf - 3-5 indented toothed lobes, heart-shaped base, stem and underside hairy.
Garden Currant
Garden Currant*
Ribes rubrum
Upright Carrion Flower
Carrion Flower - Upright
Smilax ecirrhata
Carrion Flower Vine
Carrion Flower - Upright
Erect, no prickles, flowers in ball-like umbel from bracts on stem below leaves
Carrion Flower
Common Carrion Flower
Smilax lasioneura.
Common Carrion Flower
Carrion Flower - Common
Flowers in long-stalked umbels from the leaf axils. Berries same as upright.
Carbrier
Catbrier
(Bristly Greenbrier)
Smilax tamnoides
Broadleaf Burweed
Broadleaf Burweed
Sparganium eurycarpum. Photo ©Josh Sulman, Wisconsin Flora
Early Meadow Rue
Early Meadow Rue
Thalictrum dioicum
Veiny Meadow Rue
Veiny Meadow Rue
Thalictrum venulosum
Veiny Meadow Rue leaf
Veiny Meadow Rue
Leaves of Early & Veiny similar. Early-flower anthers yellowish, Veiny-more purplish.
Poison Ivy Flower
Poison Ivy
(Western Poison Ivy)
Toxicodendron rydbergii
Poison Ivy leaf
Poison Ivy
(Western Poison Ivy)
Leaf- 3 widely overal leaflets with pointed tip, hairless, shiny dark green, bronze when new.
Yellow trillium
Yellow Trillium
(Yellow Wakerobin)

Trillium luteum
Some flowers more yellow-green in color.
Riverbank Grape
Riverbank Grape*
Vitis riparia
Riverbank Grape leaf
Riverbank Grape*
leaf 3-lobed, coarse teeth, pale green. Young stems yellowish to reddish.
Prickly Ash
Prickly-Ash*
Zanthoxylum americanum
Prickly ash leaf
Prickly-Ash*
Leaves pinnate, 5 - 11 leaflets, twigs aromatic with prickles. Thorns on twigs, seed capsules red.


Flowers blue, bluish and bluish-pink

Eastern Bluestar
Eastern Bluestar
Amsonia tabernaemontana
Bluestar leaf
Eastern Bluestar
Leaves narrow and pointed, deep green.
False Blue Indigo
False Blue Indigo
(Blue Wild Indigo)

Baptisia australis
Blue Cohosh
Blue Cohosh
Caulophyllum thalictroides
Blue Cohosh leaf
Blue Cohosh
Leaf - 3 to 4 3-parted sections, each section with 3 parts (27 leaflets per leaf)
Running Strawberry Bush
Running Strawberry Bush
Euonymus obovata. Photo ©John Zaborsky, Wisconsin Flora
Creeping Charlie
Ground Ivy

Glechoma hederacea
Ground Ivy leaf
Ground Ivy

Stems creeping. Leaves longstalked, coarse teeth, gland dotted
Virginia Waterleaf
Virginia Waterleaf
(Eastern Waterleaf)

Hydrophyllum virginianum
Virginia Waterleaf
Virginia Waterleaf
Leaves stalked, 3 - 7 lobes, larger have tip and base lobes separated.
Virginia Bluebells
Virginia Bluebells
Mertensia virginica
Virginia Bluebells leaf
Virginia Bluebells
Leaves basal & stem, elliptical, smooth, basal larger & floppy.
Forget-me-not
True Forget-me-not
Myosotis scorpioides
Wild Blue Phlox
Wild Blue Phlox
Phlox divaricata
Jacob's Ladder
Jacob's Ladder
(Greek Valerian)

Polemonium reptans
Jacob's Ladder leaf
Jacob's Ladder
Plant under 20 inches high, leaf- 7-17 leaflets, smooth edges, frequently reclining.
Blue Squill
Blue Squill
Scilla siberica
Running Myrtle
Common Periwinkle
(Running Myrtle)

Vinca Minor
Common Periwinkle leaf
Common Periwinkle
Creeping stems, leaves glossy, evergreen, flowers solitary.
prairie birdsfoot violet
Prairie Birdsfoot Violet
Viola pedatifida
Prairie violet leaf
Prairie Birdsfoot Violet
Leaf pinnately divided. Flower has white patch in throat of lower petal
Common Blue violet
Common Blue Violet
Viola sororia
Common Blue Violet leaf
Common Blue Violet
Leaves ovate to heart shape, rise from root on long stalks, form rosette. Flowers on separate sem.


Flowers pink, pinkish, rosy, pink-purplish, deep purple.

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Wild Ginger
(Canadian Wild Ginger)

Asarum canadense
Wild Ginger leaf
Wild Ginger
Leaves - 2 per plant, hairy stalks and underside, up to 6” wide. Stem prostrate.
Fumewort
Fumewort
Corydalis solida
Fumewort leaf
Fumewort
Leaf pinnate, deeply cleft, dense, terminal lobe with crenations
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Showy Lady's-slipper
Cypripedium reginae
Bush Honeysuckle pink
Northern Bush Honeysuckle*
Diervilla lonicera
(Most flowers are yellow)
Shooting Star
Shooting Star
(Pride of Ohio)

Dodecatheon media
Shooting star plant
Shooting Star
Flowering scape held above basal rosette of oblong leaves.
Eastern Wahoo Flower
Eastern Wahoo*
Euonymus atropurpureus
Eastern Wahoo plant
Eastern Wahoo*
Leggy shrub, flower clusters tiny, rising from the leaf axils. Leaves oblong, fine teeth.
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Wild Geranium
(Spotted Geranium)

Geranium maculatum
Wild Geranium leaf
Wild Geranium
Basal leaves palmately divided, 5 - 7 lobes. Pair small leaves on flower stem.
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Dame's Rocket
(Sweet Rocket)

Hesperis matronalis
Dame's Rocket Leaf
Dame's Rocket-white
(Sweet Rocket)

Leaves alternate, lance-shape, toothed. Flowers in loose terminal cluster.
Foamy Bells
Foamy Bells
xheucherella tiarelloides
Foamy bells leaf
Foamy Bells
Garden hybrid with Foam Flower; more pinkish color. leaves all basal in a clump.
Veiny Pea
Veiny Pea
(Veiny Vetchling)

Lathyrus venosus
Veiny Pea leaf Stipule
Veiny Pea
Leaf 8 to 12 leaflets with tendril. Stipule arrow shape, clasps stem, 2 lobes only.
Motherwort
Motherwort
Leonurus cardiaca
Motherwort plant section
Top section of plant, leaves lobed lower on plant.
Climbing honeysuckle
Climbing Honeysuckle (Limber Honeysuckle)
Lonicera dioica
Showy Beardtongue
Showy Beardtongue
(Large-flowered Beardtongue)

Penstemon grandiflorus
Downy Phlox
Downy Phlox
Phlox pilosa
Downy Phlox leaf
Downy Phlox
Leaves less than 1/2” wide, stems with fine whitish hair, flowers in branched clusters.
Pinkshell Azalea
Pinkshell Azalea*
Rhododendron vaseyi
Prickly Rose
Prickly Rose*
Rosa acicularlis
Prickly Rose Stem
Prickly Rose*
Stems branched, densely prickled near base, leaflets 5-9, flowers solitary.
Arkansas Rose
Prairie Wild Rose*
Rosa arkansana
Arkansas Rose leaf
Prairie Wild Rose*
9-11 leaflets, many lower stem prickles, little branching, flws in clusters of 2-3
Smooth Rose
Smooth Rose*
Rosa blanda
Smooth Rose leaf
Smooth Rose*
5-7 leaflets, few stem prickles, short plant, branched, flws usually in clusters.
Pasture Rose
Pasture Rose*
(Carolina Rose)
Rosa carolina
Pasture Rose bud
Pasture Rose*
Glandular hair on sepals and flower stalks. Leaflets 5 to 7(9), unbranched, flws solitary
Climbing Rose
Climbing Rose*
Rosa setigera
Climbing Rose leaf
Climbing Rose*
Leaf of 3 leaflets, stems arching, vine-like, flws in clusters.
Woods Rose
Wood's Rose*
Rosa woodsii
Wood's Rose olf stem
Wood's Rose*
Tallest rose, stems reddish, curved prickles (not dense), leaflets 5-9, flws 1 or 1-3
Lance-leaf figwort
Lanceleaf Figwort
Scrophularia lanceolata
Lanceleaf figwort
Lanceleaf Figwort
Stems with flat sides, erect, flowers in open widely branched panicle.
Lanceleaf Figwort leaf
Lanceleaf Figwort
Leaves stalked, lance-shaped, dbl-tooth margins, base never heart-shaped
Thumbnail
Rue Anemone
Thalictrum thalictroides
Rue Anemone Leaf
Rue Anemone
Flowers rise from stem, not from leaf axils. Leaf-like bracts directly under flowers
Red Clover
Red Clover
Trifolium pratense
Red Clover leaf
Red Clover
leaf 3-parted, blunt oval shape, hairy edges, lighter color chevron, large stipule.
Sweet Betsy
Sweet Betsy
Trillium cuneatum
Leaflet to 6" wide, flower to 3" high.
Sweet Betsy
Sweet Betsy
Trillium cuneatum
Sweet Betsy and Toadshade have similar but different size leaves - no leaflet stalks.
Purple Trillium
Trillium erectum
Purple Trillium
Purple Trillium
Flower facing outward, color variable, petals & sepals of equal length.
Prairie Trillium
Prairie Trillium
Trillium recurvatum
Prairie Trillium
Prairie Trillium
Flower erect, petals not spreading, green sepals hang dowward.
Toadshade
Toadshade
Trillium sessile
Leaflets to 3" wide, flower to 1.5" high.
Toadshape
Toadshade
Sweet Betsy
Sweet Betsy and Toadshade have similar but different size leaves - no leaflet stalks.
Wild Oats
Wild Oats
(Sissileleaf Bellwort)

Uvularia sessilifolia
Wild Oats
Wild Oats
Leaves clasp, but don’t pierce stem. Flower solitary, drooping, tepals flare at tip.
American Vetch
American Vetch
Vicia americana
American Vetch leaf stipule
American Vetch
Leaf - 8-16 leaflets, tendrils. Stipule pairs pointed with 3 sharp teeth in middle of each


Flowers reddish, orangish, brown.

Columbine
Wild Columbine
(Red Columbine)

Aquilegia canadensis
Columbine leaf
Wild Columbine
Leaves divided into 3-leaflet groups, each leaflet cleft at tips.
American Hazelnut female flowers
American Hazelnut*
(Female flowers)
Male flowers in hanging catkins, female is small buds - both before the leaves.
American Hazelnut leaf
American Hazelnut*
Leaves oval, double-toothed, dark green, pale under, hairy stiff stalk
Prairie Smoke
Prairie Smoke
(Old Man's Whiskers)

Geum triflorum
Thumbnail
Prairie Smoke
seed head stage
Geum triflorum
Flame Azalea
Flame Azalea*
Rhododendron calendulaceum
Flame Azalea leaf
Flame Azalea*
Leaves elliptical, thick, leathery, dark green
Horse Gentian
Horse Gentian
Triosteum perfoliatum
horse gentian plant
Horse Gentian
Leaves egg shape, appear connected at stem. Flowers in leaf axils.

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graphic Garden Plant Photo Identification Booklet