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Late Summer Flowers of Eloise Butler Wildflower Garden

Presented by The Friends of the Wild Flower Garden


Culver root group

Thumbnails of some of the late summer flowering plants you may encounter on a visit - Mid-July to September 1st. This page includes both the Upland and Woodland Gardens. Alternate common names for plant are shown in ( ), woody plants designated by "*". Timing of bloom will vary with each year's weather pattern.
Plant names with web links lead to a separate page of plant information and photos on that plant.
Images are arranged by six color categories and then by scientific name within color. Plants listed on our Common and Scientific name list that are not currently found in the Garden are not listed below.
Download printable PDF File in Scientific Name Order within Color. Prints at 11 high by 8.5 inches wide, 20 images per page: Low resolution - 3.1mb - - - Hi resolution 24.8mb. Best for printing, 25 pages.


Flowers white and whitish

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Yarrow
Achillea millefolium
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Black Bugbane
Actaea racemosa
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White Snakeroot
Ageratina altissima
White Snakeroot plant section
White Snakeroot
Leaves egg shape, stalked, coarsely toothed.
Northern Water Plantain
Northern Water Plantain
Alisma triviale
Northern Water Plantain leaf
Northern Water Plantain
Leaves all basal, flowers in whorls of 3
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Nodding Wild Onion
Allium cernuum
(open flowers nodding)
Wild Onion leaves
Both Wild Onions
Leaves all basal, forming vase shape. Flower stem rises from bulb. Pink flowers also.
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Wild Onion
Allium stellatum
(Open flowers do not nod)
Hog Peanut
Hog Peanut
Amphicarpaea bracteata
Hog peanut leaf
Hog Peanut
Leaf 3-parted on long stalk. Flower cluster rises from leaf axil.
American Spikenard
American Spikenard
Aralia racemosa
American Spikenard plant
American Spikenard
Flowers whitish-green. Leaves are twice compound, 2+ feet long and wide.
Prairie sage flower cluster
White Sage
(Prairie Sage)

Artemisia ludoviciana
Prairie Sage
White Sage (Prairie Sage)
Erect, all parts with dense matted white to grayish hair. Leaf - narrow, no teeth.
Whorled Milkweed
Whorled Milkweed
Asclepias verticillata
Hoary Alyssum
Hoary Alyssum
Berteroa incana
Hoary Alyssum Leaf
Hoary Alyssum
Stem leaves linear with grayish down, no stalk. Flowers in rounded cluster.
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Hedge Bindweed
Calystegia sepium
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New Jersey Tea*
Ceanothus americanus
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Buttonbush*
Cephalanthus occidentalis
Mouse-ear Chickweed
Mouse-ear Chickweed
Cerastium fontanum ssp. vulgare
Mouse-ear chickweed leaf
Mouse-ear Chickweed
Short plant. Leaves opposite, stalkled, fine hair. Flowers - 5 cleft petals
Turtlehead
Turtlehead
(White Turtlehead)

Chelone glabra
White Chicory
Chicory - white flower type
Cichorium intybus
Basal leaf
Chicory - white flower type
Basal leaf long with sharp dentations, stalked.
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Enchanter's Nightshade
(Broadleaf Enchanter's Nightshade)

Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis
enchanter's Nightshade leaf
Enchanter's Nightshade
Leaves opposite, long stalks, shallow teeth. Flowers - lon
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Virgin's Bower
(Sprawling vine)
Clematis virginiana
Virgin's Bower leaf
Virgin's Bower
Leaves 3-parted, opposite, leaf stalks twining. Flowers perfect or dioecious
Red Osier dogwood
Redosier Dogwood*
(Stems red Fall to Spring.)
Cornus sericea
Red Osier Dogwood leaf
Redosier Dogwood*
Leaves opposite, entire, whitish beneath, fine hair on top.
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White Prairie Clover
Dalea candida
Wild Yam Root
Wild Yamroot
Dioscorea villosa
Wild Yamroot
Wild Yamroot
Twining stems, tiny dioecious flowers. Upper stem leaves long-stalked
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Aster, Flat-topped
Doellingeria umbellata var. pubens
Flat-topped Aster leaf
Aster, Flat-topped
leaf- linear, smooth, no teeth, stem red lower.
Aster, Flat-topped
Phyllaries 3-4 series, unequal, light green, linear, short stiff hair
Daisy Fleabane
Annual Fleabane
(Eastern Daisy Fleabane)

Erigeron annuus
Daisy Fleabane leaf
Annual Fleabane
(Eastern Daisy Fleabane)
Leaf toothed, not clasping, stem hair standing out
Annual Fleabane Phyllaries
Annual Fleabane
Phyllaries in 2 to 3 series, sparsely hairy, sometimes glandular.
Philadelphia Fleabane
Philadelphia Fleabane
(Common Fleabane)
Erigeron philadelphicus
Common Fleabane leaf
Philadelphia Fleabane
(Common Fleabane)
Upper leaves clasping stem, stem hairy.
Philadelphia Fleabane phyllaries
Philadelphia Fleabane
Phyllaries - 2 to 3 series, with or without fine hair, sometimes glandular
Lesser Daisy Fleabane
Lesser Daisy Fleabane
Erigeron strigosus
Lesser Daisy Fleabane leaf
Lesser Daisy Fleabane
(Prairie Fleabane)
leaf- few teeth, not clasping, stem hair close to stem.
Lesser Daisy Fleabane Phyllaries
Lesser Daisy Fleabane
(Prairie Fleabane)
Phyllaries in 2 to 4 series with or without fine hair.
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Boneset
Eupatorium perfoliatum
Boneset leaf
Boneset
Leaf- surrounds stem
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Flowering Spurge
Euphorbia corollata
Flowering Spurg Leaf
Flowering Spurge - leaves
Main stem unbranched, many flowering branches above the upper stem whorl
White Wood Aster
Aster, White Wood
Eurybia divaricata
White Wood Aster leaf
Aster, White Wood
Large, toothed, long stalk, heart base. Flowers in branched cluster.
White Wood Aster Phyllaries
Aster, White Wood
Phyllaries 25-20 in 4 to 5 series, unequal, rounded to pointed, whitish, dk green tips.
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Queen of the Meadow
Filipendula ulmaria
Queen of the Meadow leaf
Queen of the Meadow
Leaf - 2-4 pair of lateral leaflets, terminal leaflet has 3-7 lobes.
Rough Bedstraw
Bedstraw - Rough
Galium asprellum
Rough Bedstraw
Bedstraw - Rough
stems -Many branches, stems prickly on the 4 angles, leaves whorl of 6 -rough. Flower cluster much branched.
Shining Bedstraw
Bedstraw - Shining
Galium concinnum. Photo ©Christopher Noll, Wisconsin Flora
Shining Bedstraw
Bedstraw - Shining
Leaves whorls of 6, rough edged, sharply pointed, many branches, sprawling. Photo ©Merel R. Black, Wisconsin Flora
Threepetal Bedstraw
Bedstraw - Threepetal
Galium trifidum.
Photo ©Robert Bierman, Wisconsin Flora
Fragrant Bedstraw
Bedstraw - Fragrant
Galium triflorum
Fragrant Bedstraw Leaf
Bedstraw - Fragrant
Leaves whorls of 6, vanilla odor, 3-flower clusters. Stem nodes smooth.
Wintergreen
Wintergreen
(Eastern Teaberry)
Gaultheria procumbens. Photo ©Christopher Knoll, Wisconsin
Biennial Gaura
Biennial Gaura
Gaura biennis
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Plain Gentian
(Yellowish Gentian)

Gentiana alba (Gentiana flavida)
Virginia Stickseed
Virginia Stickseed
(Beggar's Lice)

Hackelia virginiana
Virginia Tickseed
Virginia Stickseed
Erect biennial. Large lower leaves, uppers narrow, stalkless. Flowers tiny
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Cow Parsnip
Heracleum maximum
Cow Parsnip Leaf
Cow Parsnip Leaf
3-parted toothed leaflets, forming a sheath at the base
Round-headed Bushclover
Round-headed Bushclover
(Round-headed Lespedeza)

Lespedeza capitata
Round-headed Bushclover leaf
Round-headed Bushclover
Leaf-3 parted, pointing upward, dense appressed hairs.
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Oxeye Daisy
Leucanthemum vulgare
Water Horehound
Water Horehound
Lycopus americanus. Photo ©Kitty Kohout, Wisconsin Flora
Northern Bugleweed
Northern Bugleweed
Lycopus uniflorus
Northern Bugleweed Plant top
Northern Bugleweed
Top section of plant
White Sweet Clover
White Sweet Clover
Melilotus alba
White Sweet Clover plant
White Sweet Clover
Plants can be 1 to feet tall, much branched.
Wild Mint
Wild Mint
Mentha arvensis
Glade Mallow
Glade Mallow
Napaea dioica
Glade Mallow leaf
Glade Mallow
Lower leaves have deeply cut lobes.
Grass of Parnassus
Grass of Parnassus
Parnassia glauca
grass of parnassus leaves
Grass of Parnassus
Leaves all basal. Petals with green veins, sepals small and hidden
Wild Quinine flowers
Wild Quinine
(American Feverfew)

Parthenium integrifolium
Wild Quinine plant
Wild Quinine
Tall plant, leaves lance-shape, flowers in flat-topped clusters.
American Lopseed flower
Lopseed
Phryma leptostachya
Dotted Smartweed
Dotted Smartweed
Polygonum punctatum
Arrowleaf Tearthumb
Arrow-leaved Tearthumb
Persicaria sagittata
Arrowleaf Tearthumb
Arrow-leaved Tearthumb
Leaves arrow-shape, midrib, underside and stem with retrorse prickles.
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Garden Phlox
Phlox paniculata
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Virginia Mountain Mint
Pycnanthemum virginianum
Virginia Mountain Mint plant
Virginia Mountain Mint
Plant is 1 - 3 feet tall, small opposite lance shape leaves, sweetly aromatic
Broadleaf Arrowhead
Broadleaf Arrowhead
Sagittaria latifolia
Canada Elderberry
Canada Elderberry*
(American Black Elderberry)

Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis
Canada Elderberry leaf
Canada Elderberry*
(American Black Elderberry)
Leaf - 5 to 9 leaflets.
Soapwort
Bouncing Bet -white flower
(Soapwort)

Saponaria officinalis
Soapwort leaf
Bouncing Bet
Leaf - opposite, elongated ovals, smooth, wavy, 3-5 prominent veins.
Black Nightshade
Black Nightshade
Solanum nigrum
black nightshade leaf
Black Nightshade
Leaves ovate to diamond shape, dull, a few teeth that resemble lobes
Meadowsweet
Meadowsweet*
(Long-leaved Meadowsweet)

Spiraea alba
Meadowsweet plant
Meadowsweet*
(Long-leaved Meadowsweet)
Top section of shrub, leaves lanceolate, toothed.
Long-leaved Chickweed
Long-leaved Chickweed
(Water chickweed)

Stellaria longifolia
long leaf chickweed leaves
Long-leaved Chickweed
(Water chickweed)
Plant section and leaves.
coralberry flower
Coralberry
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench
Coralberry leaf
Coralberry
Leaf- elliptical, wavy edges, short reddish stalks, reddish stem.
Heart-leaved aster
Aster - Heart-leaved
(Flowers are white or lt. blue)

Symphyotrichum cordifolium
Blue Wood aster leaf
Aster - Heart-leaved
(Common Blue Wood Aster)
Lower leaves- heart shape base, large teeth, upper leaves more oval.
Blue Wood Aster phyllaries
Aster - Heart-leaved
Phyllaries - 4 to 6 series, unequal, linear to oblong, whitish with green diamond stripe
White Heath Aster
Aster, White Heath
(Many-flowered Aster)

Symphyotrichum ericoides
White Heath Aster leaf
Aster, White Heath -leaf
Leaves small, narrow .5 to 1.5” long, rough edge
Aster - White Heath
Phyllaries - 3-4 series, overlapping, unequal size, spade-like tips, hairy.
White Panicle Aster
Aster, White Panicle
Symphyotrichum lanceolatum
White Panicle aster leaf
Aster, White Panicle
Leaf - linear, smooth, stalkless. Dead leaves curled up
White Panicle Aster Phyllaries
Aster, White Panicle
Phyllaries - 2-4 series, linear, outer 1/3 to 1/2 length of inner, dk green center stripes
Side-flowering Aster
Aster, Side-flowering
(Calico Aster)

Symphyotrichum lateriflorum
Side-flowering Aster leaf
Aster, Side-flowering
Leaves oval to rounded, upper mostly stalkless, lower stalked, few sharp teeth
Side-flowering aster phyllaries
Aster, Side-flowering
Phyllaries - 3 - 4 series, unequal in size, diamond shape tips, sometimes purplish
Ontario Aster
Aster, Ontario
Symphyotrichum ontarionis
leaf
Aster, Ontario
Leaf - alternate, thin, smooth to touch, upper stalkless
phyllaries
Aster, Ontario
Phyllaries 4-6 series, unequal, narrow, green mid-rib with diamond tip
Redstem aster white flower
Aster, Red-stemmed -White type
Symphyotrichum puniceum
Redstem aster leaf
Aster, Red-stemmed -White type
Stems ribbed, reddish above nodes, very little hair, leaves shiny when young
redstem aster white type phyllaries
Aster, Red-stemmed -White type
Phyllaries 4-5 series, linear, hard to distinguish from Glossy Leaf Aster
White Arrowleaf Aster
Aster, White Arrowleaf
Symphyotrichum urophyllum
White Arrowleaf Aster leaf
Aster, White Arrowleaf
Middle leaves arrow shape base, Lower - heart shaped base, often winged stalk
White Arrowleaf aster phyllaries
Aster, White Arrowleaf
Phyllaries - 4 - 6 series, inner tight, outer spreading, tip a grn elongated diamond.
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Canada Germander
Teucrium canadense
Foam flower
Foamflower
(Heartleaf Foamflower)

Tiarella cordifolia
Foamflower Plant
Foamflower
Leaves all basal, heart-shape base, 5 to 7 lobes, stalks have glandular hair.
White Clover
White Clover
Trifolium repens L.
White Clover leaf
White Clover
Leaves 3-parted on long stalks. Light colored chevron may not be always visible.
White vervain
White Vervain
Verbena urticifolia
White Vervain leaf
White Vervain
Flowers tiny on spreading branches. Leaf lance-like, toothed, fine vein pattern
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Culver's Root
Veronicastrum virginicum
Culver's root leaf
Culver's Root
Leaves in a whorl of 3 to 7, widely spaced, usually hairless.

Yellow Flowers

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Soft Agrimony
(Downy Agrimony)

Agrimonia pubescens
Soft Agrimony lower leaf
Soft Agrimony
Lower leaf - 5-13 leaflets, largest at tip, minor leaflets in between. Hairy.
Swamp Beggartick
Swamp Beggartick
(Purple-stem Beggartick)

Bidens connata
Swamp Beggartick leaf
Swamp Beggartick
Leaf simple, toothed, lance-shape, some with winged stalks; lower leaves may be 3-cleft.
Devils Beggartick
Devil's Beggartick
Bidens frondosa
Devil's Beggartick leaf
Devil's Beggartick
Leaf divided in 3 to 5 lance-shape leaflets, coarsely toothed; upper may be undivided.
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Partridge Pea
Chamaecrista fasciculata
Partridge Pea leaf
Partridge Pea
Plant annual. Leaf with 8-15 pair leaflets tipped
Canadian Horseweed
Canadian Horseweed
Conyza canadensis
Canadian Horseweed top of plant
Canadian Horseweed
Top section of plant, much branching, leaves linear & dense.
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Stiff Tickseed
(Stiff Coreopsis)

Coreopsis palmata
Stiff Coreopsis leaf
Stiff Tickseed
Stem stiff; leaf- opposite, stalkless, 3 elongated lobes that divide above the base.
Narrowleaf Hawksbeard
Narrowleaf Hawksbeard
Crepis tectorum
Narrowleaf Hawksbeard
Narrowleaf Hawksbeard
Phyllaries - 12-15, whitish pointed tips, bases keeled, hairy.
Narrowleaf Hawksbeard stem
Narrowleaf Hawksbeard
Stems angled, leaves narrow with auricles & teeth. Basal long, narrow, with crenations.
Northern Bush Honeysuckle
Northern Bush Honeysuckle*
Diervilla lonicera
Northern Bush Honeysuckle leaf
Northern Bush Honeysuckle*
Leaves opposite, flowers in small panicle at stem tip. Some flowers pink
Burnweed
Burnweed
Erechtites hieraciifolius
Burnweed plant
Burnweed
top section of plant.
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Grass-leaf Goldenrod
Euthamia graminifolia
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Stiff-haired Sunflower
(Hairy Sunflower)

Helianthus hirsutus
Stiff-haired sunflower leaf
Stiff-haired Sunflower
(Hairy Sunflower)

Leaves opposite, rounded bases on very short stalks. Flowers few & on thick stalks
phyllaries
Stiff-haired Sunflower
(Hairy Sunflower)

Phyllaries 18-25, loose and spreading, hair on margins or entire surface
Stiff Sunflower
Stiff Sunflower
Helianthus paucilflorus
Stiff Sunflower Leaf
Stiff Sunflower
Leaves opposite, lanceolate, ascending, widely spaced on stem. Disc florets reddish
phyllaries
Stiff Sunflower
Phyllaries 25-35, pointed, not spreading, margins with fine hair
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Paleleaf Woodland Sunflower
Helianthus strumosus
Paleleaf Woodland Sunflower leaf
Paleleaf Woodland Sunflower
Leaf- rough, thick, 3 main veins, winged stalk, white hair under.
phyllaries
Paleleaf Woodland Sunflower
Phyllaries - 18-25, pointed, slightly spreading, hair on margins
Jerusalem artichoke
Jerusalem Artichoke
Helianthus tuberosus
Jerusalem artichoke leaf
Jerusalem Artichoke
Stout plant. Leaves - upper 2/3rds alternate, rough on top with long winged stalks
phyllaries
Jerusalem Artichoke
Phyllaries dark green to blackish, spreading tips, hairy
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Rough Hawkweed
(Canada Hawkweed)

Hieracium umbellatum
Rough Hawkweed
Rough Hawkweed
(Canada Hawkweed)

Flowers- long stalked heads in loose branched clusters. Leaves -a few sharp teeth
Common St. Johnswort
Common St. Johnswort
Hypericum perforatum
Common St. Johnswort plant
Common St. Johnswort
Shrubby branching stems, narrow leaves with dots, flower with 3 styles.
Great St. Johnswort
Great St. Johnswort
Hypericum pyramidatum
Great St. Johnswort
Great St. Johnswort
Erect, 2-5’ tall, flowers 1.5” to 2.3” wide, long stalked and usually solitary.
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Smooth Oxeye
Heliopsis helianthoides var. scraba
Smooth Oxeye leaf
Smooth Oxeye
Stalked flowers from axils of stalked toothed leaves with rough surface hair.
Smooth Oxeye Phyllaries
Phyllaries - 2 series, outer longer, inner broader, usually with fine hair.
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Pale Touch-me-not
(Pale Jewelweed)

Impatiens pallida
Spotted touch-me-not
Spotted Touch-me-not
(Spotted Jewelweed)

Impatiens capensis
Wild Lettuce
Wild Lettuce
Lactuca canadensis
Wild Lettuce leaf
Wild Lettuce - leaf
Leaves vary from entire, toothed, to pinnately divided, but edges NOT spiny
Prickly lettuce
Prickly Lettuce
Lactuca serriola
Prickly Lettuce leaf
Prickly Lettuce
Leaf- prickles on edge and under on midrib, clasping auricles
Butter and Eggs
Butter and Eggs
Linaria vulgaris
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Fringed Loosestrife
Lysimachia ciliata
Fringed Loosestrife leaf
Fringed Loosestrife
Leaves opposite - not in whorl, lanceolate, fine hair on stem leaf node.
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Whorled Loosestrife
Lysimachia quadrifolia
Whorled Loosestrife leaf
Whorled Loosestrife
Leaves in whorl of 4 or 5
Black Medic
Black Medic
Medicago lupulina. Photo ©Merel R. Black, Wisconsin Flora.
Yellow Sweet Clover
Yellow Sweet Clover
Melilotus officinalis
Yellow Sweet Clover leaf
Yellow Sweet Clover
Leaf- 3 parted, middle leaflet on longer stalk. Same leaf as White Sweet Clover
Evening Primrose
Common Evening Primrose
Oenothera biennis
Common Evening Primrose leaf
Common Evening Primrose
Leaves lance-like, slight teeth, edges turn more wavy & darker green with age
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Prairie Sundrops
(Meadow Evening Primrose)

Oenothera pilosella
Prairie Sundrops leaf
Prairie Sundrops
Leaves opposite, short stalks, hairy both sides and margins.
Yellow Wood Sorrel
Yellow Wood Sorrel
Oxalis dillenii. Photo ©Al Schneider USDA-NRCS Plants Database
Common yellow oxalis
Common Yellow Oxalis
Oxalis stricta
Clammy Ground Cherry
Clammy Ground Cherry
Physalis heterophylla
Silver Cinquefoil
Silver Cinquefoil
Potentilla argentea. Photo ©Kitty Kohout, Wisconsin Flora
Silver Cinquefoil Leaves
Silver Cinquefoil
Flower petals same size as sepals. Leaves under silvery from fine hairs. Photo ©Kitty Kohout, Wisconsin Flora
Rough-fruited Cinquefoil
Rough-fruited Cinquefoil
Potentilla recta
Rough-fruited Cinquefoil leaf
Rough-fruited Cinquefoil
Base leaves of 5-7 leaflets, upper 3 leaflets.
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Long-headed Coneflower
(Prairie Coneflower)

Ratibida columnifera
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Gray-headed Coneflower
Ratibida pinnata
Gray headed Coneflower leaf
Gray-headed Coneflower
larger lower leaves are pinnately divided into 3 to 7 narrow leaflets
Black-eyed Susan
Black-eyed Susan
Rudbeckia hirta
Black-eyed Susan leaf
Black-eyed Susan
Stem Leaf - linear to spatula shape, rough white bristly hair, stalkless at top of stem
Black-eyed Susan Phyllaries
Black-eyed Susan
Phyllaries - 2 series, linear, quite long, very hairy, outer ones reflex.
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Green-headed Coneflower
Rudbeckia laciniata
Green-headed Coneflower leaf
Green-headed Coneflower
lower leaves are pinnately divided into wide lobed leaflets
Thin-leaved Coneflower
Thin-leaved Coneflower
(Brown-eyed Susan)

Rudbeckia triloba
Thin-leaved Coneflower leaf
Thin-leaved Coneflower
Leaves thin and rough, upper with few teeth, lower 3-lobed and toothed & long stalks.
Wild Senna
American Senna
(Wild Senna)

Senna hebecarpa
Wild Senna Plant
American Senna
Large branched plant, leaves- long-stalked with 6 to 10 pairs of leaflets
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Wholeleaf Rosinweed)
(Rosin-weed)

Silphium integrifolium
Wholeleaf Rosinweed leaf
Wholeleaf Rosinweed)
(Rosin-weed)

Leaf-opposite, tiny teeth, no stalk
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Compass Plant
Silphium laciniatum
Compass Plant basal leaf
Compass Plant
Basal leaf - very large and deeply cleft, upper smaller, some not cleft.
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Cup Plant
(Leaves surround stem forming cup)
Silphium perfoliatum
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Prairie Dock
(Prairie Rosinweed)

Silphium terebinthinaceum
Prairie Dock
Prairie Dock
(Prairie Rosinweed)
Large arrow-shape basal leaves only. Very tall stems
Canada Goldenrod
Late Goldenrod
(Tall Goldenrod)

Solidago altissima
leaves
Late Goldenrod
Stem hairy. Leaves with sharp teeth on lower, upper smaller, stalkless.
Late goldenrod phyllaries
Late Goldenrod
hyllaries, thin, yellowishgreen, 3 series, unequal, outer w/pointed tips.
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Zigzag Goldenrod
Solidago flexicaulis
leaves
Zigzag Goldenrod
Lower leaves egg shaped, winged stalk, toothed; upper more linear.
phyllaries
Zigzag Goldenrod
Phyllaries green, narrow, 3 series, inner much longer. Stem zig-zags.
Giant Goldenrod
Giant Goldenrod
Solidago gigantea
leaves
Giant Goldenrod
Stem smooth. Leaves stalkless, lower with sharp teeth, upper smaller.
phyllaries
Giant Goldenrod
Phyllaries thin, 3-4 series, yellowish-green, outer lanceolate w/pointed tips.
Gray Goldenrod
Gray Goldenrod
(Old Field Goldenrod)

Solidago nemoralis
stem
Gray Goldenrod
Panicle narrow, arching. Stem gray-green to reddish, grayish-white hair.
phyllaries
Gray Goldenrod
hyllaries pale yellow, 3 series, unequal, ovate to lanceolate.
Riddell's Goldenrod
Riddell's Goldenrod
Solidago riddellii
leaves
Riddell's Goldenrod
Leaves narrow, V-shaped, lower 10x long as wide, dense near base.
Phyllaries
Riddell's Goldenrod
Phyllaries 3-4 series, unequal, broad, tips rounded, yellowish-green.
Stiff goldenrod
Stiff Goldenrod
Solidago rigida (Oligoneuron rigidum var. rigidum)
Stiff goldenrod leaf
Stiff Goldenrod
Leaves grayish green, stiff, hairy, lower long stalked, upper stalkless.
phyllaries
Stiff Goldenrod
Phyllaries in 3-4 series, oblong, unequal, appressed, green midrib..
Elm-leaved Goldenrod
Elm-leaved Goldenrod
Solidago ulmifolia
elm-leaved goldenrod leaf
Elm-leaved Goldenrod
leaf- elliptical, coarse teeth, upper stalkless, upper surface rough.
phyllaries
Elm-leaved Goldenrod
Phyllaries 3-4 series, unequal, appressed, short, translucent margins
Tansy
Tansy
Tanacetum vulgare
Tansy leaf
Tansy
Leaves fern-like, 4-10 pairs of lobed primary divisions. Aromatic.
Dandelion
Common Dandelion
Taraxacum officinale
Dandelion basal leaves
Common Dandelion
Leaves all basal, long, pinnately divided, terminal lobe larger, stalk with wings.
Mullein
Common Mullein
Verbascum thapsus

Flowers Yellow-green, Gray-green and Green.

Purple Giant Hyssop
Purple Giant Hyssop
Agastache scrophulariifolia
Purple giant hyssop leaf
Purple Giant Hyssop
Leaf- stalked, coarse teeth, uppers more lance-shaped, underside has dense fine hair
Common Ragweed
Common Ragweed
Ambrosia artemisiifolia
ragweed plant
Common Ragweed
Plant monoecious. Male flowers on spike, leaves opposite, pinnatifid.
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Thimbleweed
Anemone cylindrica
Thimbleweed leaf
Thimbleweed
Both Thimbleweeds have similar basal and stem leaves.
Tall Thimbleweed
Tall Thimbleweed
Anemone virginiana
Tall thimbleweed bracts
Tall Thimbleweed has secondary bracts midway up on flower stalk
Canadian Milk Vetch
Canadian Milk Vetch
Astragalus canadensis
milkvetch leaf
Canadian Milk Vetch
Leaf compound, 15-35 leaflets, smooth edges, pointed tips on leaflets.
Dodder
Common Dodder
(Parasitic - no leaves)
Cuscuta gronovii
Water Horsetail strobilus
Water Horsetail
Equisetum fluviatile
Waterhorsetail
Water Horsetail
Ancient plant - spore producing strobilus atop unbranched stem.
Wood Nettle
Wood Nettle
(Canadian Wood Nettle)

Laportea canadensis
Wood Nettle Leaf
Wood Nettle
Leaf- alternate, long-stalk, oval. coarse teeth, upper surface crinkled dk green
Clearweed
Canadian Clearweed
Pilea pumila
Clearweed leaf
Canadian Clearweed
Only non-stinging nettle. Leaf opposite, long-stalk, coarse teeth, 3 main veins fm base.
Commopn Plantain
Common Plantain
Plantago major L.
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Curly Dock
Rumex crispus
Curly dock leaf
Curly Dock
Leaves lance-shape, curly but smooth edge, dull green.
Tall Meadow Rue
Tall Meadow Rue
(Purple Meadow Rue)

Thalictrum dasycarpum
Tall Meadow Rue
Tall Meadow Rue
(Purple Meadow Rue)

3 to 5’ tall, stem leaves stalkless & hairy beneath & longer than wide.
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Stinging Nettle
(California Nettle)

Urtica dioica
Stinging nettle leaf
Stinging Nettle
Leaves opposite, stalked, lance-shape, toothed, underside with stinging hairs.

Flowers Blue, bluish-pink and bluish purple.

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Blue Giant Hyssop
(Anise Hyssop)

Agastache foeniculum
Anise Hyssop leaf
Blue Giant Hyssop
Leaf opposite, triangular, upper leaves more narrow. Anise scent when crushed.
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Leadplant
Amorpha canescens
Downy Woodmint
Downy Wood Mint
Blephilia cilata
Downy Wood Mint leaf
Downy Wood Mint
Leaf- upper lance shape, lower ovate, coarse teeth, fine hair on edge and under, aromatic.
Hairy Wood Mint
Hairy Wood Mint
(Hoary Wood Mint)
Blephilia hirsuta
Hairy Wood Mint leaf
Hairy Wood Mint
Leaf - More egg shaped, a few coarse teeth, hairy surfaces and margin, long hair on stem
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European Bellflower
(Rampion Bellflower)

Campanula rapunculoides
Harebell
Harebell
Campanula rotundifolia
Tall Bellflower
Tall Bellflower
(American Bellflower)

Campanulastrum americanum
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Chicory - blue flower type
Cichorium intybus
Basal leaf
Chicory - Blue flower type
Basal leaf long with sharp dentations, stalked.
Fringed Willowherb
Fringed Willowherb
Epilobium ciliatum ssp. glandulosum
(American Willowherb - leaves oval to lance-like)
Willowherb
Willowherb
Epilobium coloratum
Willowherb leaf
Willowherb
Leaf oblong, toothed edges, sometimes purplish in Autumn
Large Leaved Aster
Aster - Large-leaved
(Bigleaf Aster)

Eurybia macrophylla
Large-leaved aster leaf
Aster, Large-leaved
(Bigleaf Aster)
Basal leaves large, broadly oval, long stalked, heart shape bases
Big leaf aster phyllariies
Aster, Large-leaved
(Bigleaf Aster)
Phyllaries 5-6 series, 32 to 35, overlapping, oft purple tinged, short glandular hair.
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Bottle Gentian
(Closed Gentian)

Gentiana clausa and Gentiana andrewsii
Downy Gentian
Downy Gentian
Gentiana puberulenta
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Great Blue Lobelia
(Blue Cardinal Flower)

Lobelia siphilitica
Great Blue Lobelia plant
Great Blue Lobelia
Plant 1-4 feet high, leaves oblong to oval, upper stalkless, no hair
Monkey Flower
Monkey Flower
Mimulus ringens L. var. ringens
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True Forget-me-not
Myosotis scorpioides
Silvery Scurf Pea
Silvery Scurf Pea
Pediomelum argophyllum
Silvery Scurf Pea leaf
Silvery Scurf Pea
Leaf - 3 to 5 leaflets with whitish appressed hair.
Fringleaf Wild Petunia
Fringeleaf Wild Petunia
Ruellia humilis
Mad dog Skullcap
Marsh Skullcap
Scutellaria galericulata
Marsh Skullcap plant
Marsh Skullcap
Flowers mostly solidary from leaf axils. Leaves barely stalked.
Marsh Skullcap
Mad Dog Skullcap
Scutellaria lateriflora
(Blue Skullcap) Leaves Stalked.
Heart-leaved Aster
Aster - Heart-leaved
(Common Blue Wood Aster)

Symphyotrichum cordifolium
Blue Wood aster leaf
Aster - Heart-leaved
(Flowers can be white)
Lower leaves- heart shape base, large teeth, upper leaves more oval.
Blue Wood Aster phyllaries
Aster - Heart-leaved
Phyllaries - 4 to 6 series, unequal, linear to oblong, whitish with green diamond stripe
Red Stemmed Aster
Aster, Red-stemmed
(Purplestem Aster)

Symphyotrichum puniceum
Red stem aster stem
Aster, Red-stemmed
(Purplestem Aster)

Stem stout, hairy, reddish purple, leaves clasp stem
Redstem Aster phyllaries
Aster, Red-stemmed
(Purplestem Aster)
Phyllaries- 4 to 6 series, whities with long spreading green tips, with/without hair.
Short's Aster
Aster - Short's
Symphyotrichum shortii
Short's Aster leaf
Aster - Short's
Leaves lance-like, lowest the largest, base heart-shaped, usually without teeth.
Short's Aster phyllareis
Aster - Short's
Phyllaries- 4-5 series, appressed, unequal in size, whitish with short dk green pointed tip.
Blue Vervain
Blue Vervain
(Swamp Vervain)

Verbena hastata
Blue Vervain leaf
Blue Vervain
Leaf lance-like, coarse teeth, underside with whitish hair, lower leaves have a pair of basal lobes.

Flowers rosy, pinkish, pink-purple and deep purple.

Wild Garlic
Wild Garlic
Allium canadense
Wild Garlic
Wild Garlic
Flowering begins when pale sheath opens. Not all bulbils will flower.
Nodding Wild Onion
Nodding Wild Onion
Allium cernuum
(open flowers nodding)
Wild Onion leaves
Both Wild Onions
Leaves all basal, forming vase shape. Flower stem rises from bulb. White flowers also.
Wild Onion
Wild Onion
Allium stellatum
(Open flowers do not nod)
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Groundnut
(Wild Bean)

Apios americana
Burdock
Lesser Burdock
Arctium minus
Lesser Burdock leaf
Lesser Burdock
Leaf-egg shape, large, lower with heart-shape base, edge wavy. Flowers in tight cluster.
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Swamp Milkweed
Asclepias incarnata
Spotted Knapweed
Spotted Knapweed
Centaurea biebersteinii. Photo ©Merel R. Black, Wisconsin Flora
Fireweed
Fireweed
Epilobium angustifolium
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Red Turtlehead
Chelone obliqua
Canada Thistle
Canada Thistle
Cirsium arvense
Canada Thistle leaf
Canada Thistle
Flw. head to 1/2” wide, deep indentations on leaf, hard needle-like prickles on margins
Filed Thistle
Field Thistle
Cirsium discolor
Field Thistle
Field Thistle
Flw head to 1.5” wide, leaves with white fuzz unde, spiny on margins.
Swamp Thistle
Swamp Thistle
Cirsium muticum
Swamp Thistle leaf
Swamp Thistle
FLW head to 1.5" wide, upper leaves deeply cut with spines, large lower leaves - few spines.
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Purple Prairie Clover
Dalea purpurea
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Showy Ticktrefoil
(Canada Ticktrefoil)

Desmodium canadense
Showy Tick-trefoil leaf
Showy Ticktrefoil
(Canada Ticktrefoil)

3-part stem leaves on stalks
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Pointed-leaved Ticktrefoil
Desmodium glutinosum
Pointed leaf Tick-trefoil leaf
Pointed-leaved Ticktrefoil
Basal 3-part leaves, center leaflet with pointed tip
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Grecian Foxglove
Digitalis lanata
Bush Honeysuckle pink
Northern Bush Honeysuckle*
Diervilla lonicera
(Most flowers are yellow)
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Eastern Purple Coneflower
Echinacea purpurea
Hellborine
Helleborine
Epipactis helleborine
Helleborine plant
Helleborine
Erect orchid, leaves narrowly elliptic, widely separated, wider on the lower stem.
Wild Poinsettia
Wild Poinsettia
Euphorbia cyathophora
Spotted Joe-Pye Weed flower
Spotted Joe-Pye Weed
Eutrochium maculatum
(Eupatorium purpureum)
Spotted Joe-Pye Weed
Spotted Joe-Pye Weed
Leaves usually in whorls of 4 to 5, lanceolate in shape, underside densely hairy.
Spotted Joepye weed stem
Spotted Joe-Pye Weed
Stem is purple or purple spotted. More moist sites.
Sweet Joe-Pye Weed
Sweet Scented Joe-Pye Weed
Eutrochium purpureum
(Eupatorium purpureum
)
Sweet scented joepye weed stem
Sweet Scented Joe-Pye Weed
Greenish stem, purple only at stem nodes - mesic sites.
Sweet Joe-Pye Weed leaf
Sweet-scented Joe-Pye Weed
Leaves in whorl of 3 or 4, coarsely toothed, similar to E. maculatum but fewer in whorl.
Queen of the Prairie
Queen of the Prairie
Filipendula rubra
Queen of the prairie leaf
Queen of the Prairie
Leaf -up to 7 separated lobed leaflets on reddish stem, terminal leaflet with 7-9 lobes.
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Live Forever
(Witch's Moneybags)

Hylotelephium telephium
Blaxing star leaves
Blazing Stars
Plants shown here all have similar leaves. Longer and wider closer to stem base
Rough Blazing Star
Rough Blazing Star
(Rough Gayfeather)

Liatris aspera
Rough Blazing Star phyllaries
Rough Blazing Star
Phyllaries - 4-5 series - outer green & reflexed, - middle rounded tip, uneven edges.
Ontario Blazing Star plant
Ontario Blazing Star
(Cylindrical Blazing Star

Liatris cylindracea
Ontario Blazing Star phyllaries
Ontario Blazing Star
Phyllaries - 5-7 series, outer ovate to inner oblong; varying green to deep purplish
Large-headed Blazing Star
Large-headed Blazing Star
(Rocky Mt. Blazing Star)

Liatris ligulistylis
Large headed Blazing Star phyllaries
Large-headed Blazing Star
Phyllaries- 4-5 series, unequal, oblong to spatulate, truncate to rounded tips, long stalk
Shaggy Blazing stgar
Shaggy Blazing Star
Liatris pilosa
Shaggy Blazing star phyllaries
Shaggy Blazing Star
Phyllaries- 4-5 series, obling, unequal, irregular shape, margins translucent, tips rounded to pointed.
Prairie Blazing Star
Prairie Blazing Star
Liatris pycnostachya
Prairie Blazing star phyllaries
Prairie Blazing Star
Phyllaries - 4-5 series, unequal, oblong, margins slightly translucent, tips pointed & curving to fully recurving.
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Northern Blazing Star
(New England Blazing Star)

Liatris scariosa var. novae-angliae
Northern Blazing Star phyllaries
Northern Blazing Star
Phyllaries - 4-5 series, unequal, oblong to ovate, tips rounded & spreading, not recurved, green to purple.
Dense Blazing Star
Dense Blazing Star
(Spiked Blazing Star)

Liatris spicata
Dense Blazing Star Phyllaries
Dense Blazing Star
Phyllaries - 4-5 series, unequal, ovate to obling, tips rounded, appressed, green or purple varying with variety.
Purple Loosestrife
Purple Loosestrife
Lythrum salicaria
purple loosestrife leaf
Purple Loosestrife
Leaves lance-like, downy, smooth edge, stalkless and clasping.
Wild Mint
Wild Mint
Mentha arvensis
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Wild Bergamot
Monarda fistulosa
Wild Bergamot leaf
Wild Bergamot
Leaves opposite, stalked, grayish, triangular base, fewer teeth on upper leaves.
Purple Bergamot
Purple Bergamot
Monarda media
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Obedient Plant
(False Dragonhead)

Physostegia virginiana
Obedient Plant leaf
Obedient Plant
Leaves opposite, narrow, not stalked, widely spaced sharp teeth. Vein prominent
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White Rattlesnake Root
Prenanthes alba
Rattlesnake Root
White Rattlesnake Root
Stem leaf - variable, upper with coarse teen & few lobes, lower deeply 3 to 5 lobed.
Heal all
Heal-all
Prunella vulgaris
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Bouncing Bet -pink flower
(Soapwort -pink flower)

Saponaria officinalis
Soapwort leaf
Bouncing Bet
Leaf - opposite, elongated ovals, smooth, wavy, 3-5 prominent veins.
Lance-leaf figwort
Lanceleaf Figwort
Scrophularia lanceolata
Lanceleaf figwort
Lanceleaf Figwort
Stems with flat sides, erect, flowers in open widely branched panicle.
Lanceleaf Figwort leaf
Lanceleaf Figwort
Leaves stalked, lance-shaped, dbl-tooth margins, base never heart-shaped
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Climbing Nightshade
(Bittersweet Nightshade)

Solanum dulcamara
Climbing Nightshade leaf
Climbing Nightshade
Leaf - 1 large terminal lobe and 2 to 4 smaller lobes. Stalk forms a small wing.
Trailing Wild Bean
Trailing Wild Bean
Strophostyles helvola
Trailing Wild Bean leaf
Trailing Wild Bean
Leaf 3-parted, lateral leaflet lobes unequal. Flowers single or loose cluster of 3 to 10.
Western Silver Aster
Aster - Western Silver
(Silky Aster)

Symphyotrichum sericeum
Western Silver Aster leaf
Aster - Western Silver
(Silky Aster)
Leaves pale green, silky, silver tint, smooth edges.
Western Silky Aster phyllaries
Aster - Western Silver
Phyllaries - 3-5 series, overlapping, ovate, pale-grn center line, spade-like grn spreading tips
Red Clover
Red Clover
Trifolium pratense
Red Clover leaf
Red Clover
leaf 3-parted, blunt oval shape, hairy edges, lighter color chevron, large stipule.
Hoary Vervain
Hoary Vervain
Verbena stricta
Hoary Vervain leag
Hoary Vervain
Leaf - sharp coarse teeth, short stalk, underside with fine whitish hair.
Ironweed flower
Ironweed
(Prairie Ironweed)

Vernonia fasciculata
Ironweed plant top
Ironweed
Tall stout plant, leaves lance-like with sharp toothed edge, stalkless.
Ironweed phyllaries
Ironweed
Phyllaries - 4-5 series of 25 to 35+, green, like fish scales, inner tips purplish.

Flowers reddish, orange, brown.

Wild columbine
Wild Columbine
(Red Columbine)

Aquilegia canadensis
Columbine leaf
Wild Columbine
Leaves divided into 3-leaflet groups, each leaflet cleft at tips.
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Butterfly Weed
(Butterfly Milkweed)

Asclepias tuberosa
Blackberry Lily
Blackberry Lily
Belamcanda chinensis
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Orange Day Lily
Hemerocallis fulva
Michigan Lily
Turk's-cap Lily &
Michigan Lily

Lilium michiganense
Michigan Lily sepals
Michigan Lily
Flowers pendant from tall stem, no green star inside throat, stamens diverge widely close to throat.
Michigan Lily leaf
Michigan Lily
Leaves in whorls; L. superbum 3-9+ per whorl, L. michiganense 3-7.
Wood Lily
Wood Lily
Lilium philadelphicum
Turk's Cap Lily
Turk's-cap Lily
Lilium superbum
Turk's-cap Lily sepals
Turk's-cap Lily Lily
Flowers pendant from tall stem, green star inside throat, stamens together, spreading near anthers.
Turk's- ap Lily leaf
Turk's-cap Lily
Leaves in whorls; L. superbum 3-9+ per whorl, L. michiganense 3-7.
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Cardinal Flower
Lobelia cardinalis
Royal Catchfly
Royal Catchfly
Silene regia
(AKA Wild Pink)
Royal Catchfly leaf
Royal Catchfly
Leaves opposite, widely spaced, usually hairy. Flowers with glandular hair.
Narrowleaf Cattail
Narrow-leaved Cattail
(Gap between brown flw sections)
Typha angustifolia
Cattail
Common Cattail
(Broadleaf Cattail)

(No gap between brown flw sections)
Typha latifolia

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graphic Garden Plant Photo Identification Booklet