Listing by season, of Eloise Butler's plantings in 1916, that were "1st time" plantings according to her Garden Log.
Eloise brought into the Garden a number of plants that are not listed today on the Garden census. Many of these were native to Minnesota and a few were not. Here is a listing of most of those plants introduced this year to the Garden for the first time - the common and botanical names listed first are names she used followed by other common names for the same plant and the newer botanical classifications, if any; then follows her source for the material. 1916 is the first year the following list of plants occur in her log. Most are shown in the photos. The inclusion of "(M.C.)" indicates a plant that was still present at the time of Martha Crone's 1951 Garden Census - except for grasses and sedges which Crone did not catalog. "Native" indicates the plant is considered native to Minnesota or if introduced, long established. "Extant" indicates the plant is present in the Garden today. Botanical classification: Over the years Botanists have reclassified many plants from the classifications in use at the time Eloise Butler wrote her Garden Log or when Martha Crone prepared her census. I have retained the nomenclature that Eloise Butler or Martha Crone used and then provided the more current classification based on the latest published information from Flora of North America (Ref. #W7) and the Checklist of the Vascular Flora of Minnesota. (Ref. #28c)
Photos shown below are a mix of early plantings that are not present today and of plants still extant. Click the name link in the list for photos and information of those plants most of which are still extant.
Triglochin. Identified only by genus. Two species are found in Minnesota, Triglochin maritima. Seaside Arrow Crass (planted by Martha Crone in 1933) or Triglochin palustris, Marsh Arrowgrass; sourced from vicinity of Savage. Both species are known in that area. Marsh Arrowgrass is linked. (no photo below)
Viola Blanda, Sweet White Violet, Native, (M.C.), from vicinity of Fridley
Click the name link in the list for photos of those plants most of which are still extant.
Anacharis There are two species here that are native to Hennepin County so we don't know which she got [Elodea canadensis, Canadian Waterweed, or Elodea nuttallii, Western Waterweed] from Birch Pond. No photo below.