Friends of the Wild Flower Garden

Seasonal Photos - Late July

Eloise Butler Wildflower Garden and Bird Sanctuary


The days dawn early, birds awaken and sing even before daylight. The golden-glow preceding the new-risen sun - feathery clouds in a blue faultless sky and the delightful early coolness offset the oppressive heat of midday. We welcome the heat of midday to mature and ripen all fruits. After a long day the sun drops low and the coolness of evening is like a benediction. Former Curator Martha Crone.

By late July the Garden is full of late summer period flowers, fruits and seeds. More photos and plant information can be found by looking up individual plants in the "Plant Name List." Alternate common names for plants are listed here in ( ).

Queen of the Meadow
Queen of the Meadow (Filipendula ulmaria). Family: Rose. A tall stately plant along the wetland paths. Salicylic acid (a key ingredient of aspirin) was first obtained from the flowers in 1839.
Gray-headed Coneflower
A stand of Gray-headed Coneflower (Ratibida pinnata). Family: Aster. In the Upland Garden.

Soft Agrimony (Agrimonia gryposepala). Family: Rose, A very small plant of the Woodland Garden rising on a slender stem with a flower spike at the top, flowers only 1/4" to 1/2" wide.
Leadplant (Amorpha canescens). Family: Pea. Upland Garden. A true plant of the prairies. Look closely and you will see the flowers have only one petal. Leaves have as many as 25 leaflets.
Boneset (Eupatorium perfoliatum). Family: Aster. Wetland. A late summer bloomer, here we see the flower heads at the end of July. A plant with a long folk medicine history. Native to Minnesota.

Bouncing Bet (Soapwort) (Saponaria officinalis). Family: Pink. Upland Garden, usually blooming first in early summer in the upper part of the Upland Garden. Plants in the more shaded part of the Upland Garden closer to the entrance will be blooming in August. The plant is a European import from pioneer times and has a long useful history. However, it has naturalized across the entire United States and the lower Canadian provinces.

Soapwort White flowers Soapwort Pink flowers
Paleleaf Woodland Sunflower (Helianthus strumosus). Family: Aster. Upland Garden in various spots.
Canada tick-trefoil
Showy Ticktrefoil (Canada Ticktrefoil) (Desmodium canadense). Family: Fabaceae (Pea). Found in the Upland Garden. Native to the area.
Black-eyed susan
Black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta). Family: Aster. Found throughout the Upland Garden.

White Snakeroot
White Snakeroot (Ageratina altissima). Family: Aster. Woodland and Upland Garden, generally in partial shade. Native to the Twin Cities west and south. It will easily self-seed along the edges of a woodland. The plant contains trematol, a toxic alcohol. If cows eat the plant the toxin is secreted into the milk causing milk sickness. Lincoln's mother, Nancy Hanks, died of the disease in 1818.
Tall Thimbleweed (Anemone virginiana) Family: Buttercup. There are two leafy bracts at the middle of the tall flower stalk. There are two thimbleweeds in the Garden - the other Candle Anemone or Long-fruited Thimbleweed (A. cylindrica) which has a longer flower head, does not have bracts on the flower stem. Both have a whorl of leaves where the flower stalk separated from the main stem.

Wholeleaf Rosinweed (Silphium integrifolium). Family: Aster. Upland Garden. No leaf stalks on the opposite leaves and very tiny teeth on the leaf edge. Several other plant species also have this common name. This is one of the four Silphiums in the Garden.
Pointed-leaf Tick Trefoil
Pointed-leaved Ticktrefoil (Desmodium glutinosum). Family: Pea. Upland Garden. The leaves form a whorl near the base of the plant, whereas the Canada Ticktrefoil has leaves up the flower stem.
Woodland Sunflower
Stiff-haired Sunflower (Hairy Sunflower) (Helianthus hirsutus). Family: Aster. Upland Garden. Very short leaf stalks on the opposite leaves and a very rough texture to the leaves.

Hedge Bindweed
Hedge Bindweed (Calystegia sepium ssp. angulata). AKA: Wild Morning Glory. Family: Morning-glory. Seen here in the Upland Garden, it is a twining vine found throughout Minnesota. The large flower corolla can also have pink colorations.
Wild Bergamot
Wild Bergamot (Monarda fistulosa). Family: Mint. Upland Garden in large patches. An alternate common name is 'bee-balm' referring to the preference of bees for the nectar of this plant.

American Germander
Canada Germander (American Germander) (Teucrium canadense). aka Wood Sage. Family: Mint. Woodland Garden. The irregular flower has the upper lip missing allowing the stamens to protrude above.
Purple Coneflower
Eastern Purple Coneflower (Echinacea purpurea). Family: Aster. In the Upland Garden. Not a native to the area, but naturalized.
Woodpecker on Feeder
This female Downy woodpecker is keeping a wary eye for danger before attending to the suet feeder at the Martha Crone Shelter.

Red Baneberry
Fruit of the Red Baneberry (Actaea rubra). Family: Buttercup. Found in both the Woodland and Upland Gardens. Found throughout Minnesota. The lustrous berries may occasionally be white but always each berry is on a slender stem compared to the White Baneberry where the berry stems are thick. The fruit and the root are poisonous.
White Baneberry
White Fruit of the White Baneberry (Actaea pachypoda). Family: Buttercup. Found in the Woodland Garden's moist woods. The berries have a conspicuous dark spot causing them to also be known as "Doll's eyes." Berries and roots are poisonous.

Ohio Buckeye
Fruit of the Ohio Buckeye (Aesculus glabra) aka American Horse-chestnut. This pleasant looking tree is found in the Woodland Garden on the far west path and a solitary specimen right off the front porch of the Martha Crone Shelter. In late July the seed pods ( 1 - 2" in diameter) are quite large. When mature, they will drop to the ground and are easily split open to obtain the dark brown seeds inside, usually one or two, which resemble nuts. The squirrels will seldom leave any unattended. The trees in the Garden are north of their normal growth range.
Our resident Woodchuck caught in the act of eating once again.